Discriminant analysis: peculiarities of impact of sports specialization on 3rd-year female students’ functional and motor fitness

Keywords: students, badminton, aerobics, callanetics, discriminant analysis

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The objective of the study was to determine the peculiarities of impact of sports specialization on 3rd-year female students’ functional and motor fitness. Materials and methods. The study involved 3rd-year female students of the Donbas State Engineering Academy in Kramatorsk, who practiced badminton (n = 43), aerobics (n = 43), and callanetics (n = 43). To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: analysis of scientific literature, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing; index method and medical-biological methods. Pedagogical methods were used to study the peculiarities of students’ functional state of the body and motor abilities; for data processing discriminant analysis was used. Sectional classes were held in groups according to the schedule – twice a week. Results. The study revealed the peculiarities of impact of attending badminton, aerobics, and callanetics sports sections on the level of 3rd-year female students’ functional and motor fitness. The female students who play badminton show better results in the 100-meter dash and the Standing long jump. In the exercise “Push-ups”, better results are shown by the female students who do aerobics. Conclusions. The results of classification of students by the level of motor and functional fitness and the analysis of multidimensional averages (centroids) point to the peculiarities of dynamics of female students’ state depending on sports specialization. The results of the following tests are most important for differentiated assessment of the state of motor and functional fitness at the first level: Romberg test (r = 0.662), 100-meter dash (r = 0.491), Push-ups (r = 0.491). At the second level – Stange test (r = 0.417), Standing long jump (r = 0.412).

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Author Biographies

Serhii Chernenko, Donbas State Engineering Academy
chernenko.sergey65@ukr.net; Department of Physical Education, Donbas State Engineering Academy; Akademichna St, 72, Kramatorsk, 84313, Ukraine.
Wladyslaw Jagiello, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sports
wjagiello1@wp.pl; Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport; Kasimir Gorskogo St, 1, 80-336 Gdansk, Poland.
Olha Ivashchenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
ivashchenko@hnpu.edu.ua; Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University; Artema St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine.
Oleg Khudolii, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
khudolii@hnpu.edu.ua; Department of Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University; Artema St, 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine.
Sviatoslava Pashkevich, Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture
sviatoslava.pashkevych@gmail.com; Department of Physical Therapy, Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture; Klochkivska St, 99, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine.

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Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
1.
Chernenko S, Jagiello W, Ivashchenko O, Khudolii O, Pashkevich S. Discriminant analysis: peculiarities of impact of sports specialization on 3rd-year female students’ functional and motor fitness. Physical education of students. 2021;25(6):374-81. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2021.0606
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