Physical education of students <table border="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="70%"> <p style="background: #D2E4FA; width: 170px; border-radius: 5px 5px 5px 5px; text-align: center; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; color: #ffffff;"><a href="/index.php/PES/user/register" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Make a Submission</strong></a></p> <p>If your manuscript and figures are ready to submit according to the <a href="/index.php/PES/about/submissions" target="_blank" rel="noopener">manuscript formatting guidelines and requirements</a>, please proceed directly to the <a href="/index.php/PES/user/register" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ONLINE SUBMISSION SYSTEM</a> <br> Article Processing Charges (APC) <a href="/index.php/PES/about/submissions#25" target="_blank" rel="noopener">see more...</a></p> <p>Journal "Physical Education of Students" (Abbreviated key-title: Phys. educ. stud. <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">e-ISSN 2308-7250</a>). <br> <br> Continues <a style="color: #000000;" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> <u><em>Fizičeskoe Vospitanie Studentov </em></u></a> <br> <br> Journal is published 6 times per year (bimonthly: February, April, June, August, October, December). <br> <br> All articles have <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOI (digital object identifier)</a> <br> <br> All authors have <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ORCID</a> <br> <br> INDEXING: Web of Science Core Collection (ESCI); DOAJ; <a href="/index.php/PES/pages/view/Indexing" target="_blank" rel="noopener">See more ►</a> <br> <a href=";ISSN=*2308-7250" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/images/esci.jpg" width="25" height="25"></a></p> </td> <td bgcolor="#D3D3D3" width="1%">&nbsp;</td> <td> <h3>Journal Partnerships</h3> <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="license noopener">Pedagogy of Health</a>&nbsp;</p> <p align="left"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="license noopener">Pedagogy of Physical Culture and Sports</a>&nbsp;</p> (Scopus/WoS)</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><a href=""><img src="" alt="Flag Counter" border="0"></a></p> <hr noshade="noshade" size="1" width="100%"> IP Iermakov S.S. en-US Physical education of students 2308-7250 <p>Copyright Holder - Author(s). <a href="/index.php/PES/about#10"> more</a></p> Predictors of young adults’ movement capability in physical activity <p><em>Background And Study Aim</em>. The purpose of the study is to identify the predictors of the movement capability of the individuals in physical activity.</p> <p><em>Materials and Methods</em>. Quantitative descriptive predictive method was employed in identifying the significant relationship of the identified factors that can predict movement capability in physical activity. There were 263 participants in the study from one of the Higher Educational Institutions in Cebu City, Philippines which were randomly sampled using Raosoft Sample Size Calculator. Experts validated research instruments were used and data gathered were analyzed using descriptive (percentile, mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics (multiple regression).</p> <p><em>Results</em>. Findings revealed that only three factors: blood type, attitude towards physical activity, and perceived action – scaled affordance were predictors of movement capability and five movement dimensions were influenced by blood type, attitude towards physical activity, and perceived action – scaled affordance. Thus, blood type is predictor to flexibility, accuracy, speed and endurance. On the other hand, attitude towards physical activity is predictor of endurance. While, perceived action – scaled affordance is predictor of strength, accuracy and endurance.</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> It was concluded that a person’s capability to engage in physical activity is contributed by biological factors (blood type) and psychological factors (attitude and perceived action-scaled affordance). It is recommended that validation study be conducted to strengthen the claims of the identified factors to movement capability of an individual.</p> Marino A. Garcia ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 26 3 105 116 10.15561/20755279.2022.0301 Students' physical well-being in physical education distance learning <p><em>Background and Study Aim. </em>Students’ physical well-being is highly affected throughout the quarantine period. The effects of it towards the performance in Physical Education is examined due to the sudden shift of educational setting. More specifically, it sought to determine the impact of physical activity performed during the quarantine period based on the FITT (<strong>Frequency, Intensity, Time,</strong> <strong>Type</strong>) principle of exercise on the physical well-being of the students as well as the relationship of the two variables.</p> <p><em>Materials and</em><em> Methods.&nbsp; </em>The study was participated by 1,648 students at Cebu Normal University who, used an online survey, answered a 34-items questionnaire with dichotomous questions. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was utilized.</p> <p><em>Results. </em>The study yielded 5 major results. The students' smoking habits have no impact on their engagement to physical activity when applying the FITT principle to distant learning. The students' dietary habits do not influence their engagement in physical activity related to distant learning when the FITT principle is used. When the FITT principle is utilized, students' BMI has nothing to do with their engagement in physical activity associated with distant learning. Students who engaged in physical activity spent less time engaging in these sedentary pursuits. University students were more likely to follow a normal eating routine, and aware more likely not to engage in unhealthy behaviors like smoking cigarettes, and were more active in other physical activities like doing household chores during the quarantine period.</p> <p><em>Conclusions. </em>The study found out that physical well-being has a considerable negative impact on&nbsp; undergraduates' physical education achievement. Thus, the FITT principle has no impact on any participation in physical activities during distance learning.</p> Ma Rosita A. Hernani Mia Maureen B. Monzolin Sharie Mae L. Jordan Chris-Ann C. Monzolin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 26 3 117 127 10.15561/20755279.2022.0302 Healthy eating and exercise relationship in female footballers <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> As a result of the recognition of women's football in the world and the growing popularity of female footballers, the healthy eating of female footballers and their status towards exercise have also become a major research topic. The aim of this study is to investigate the attitudes of female soccer players towards healthy eating and their sports addiction. This study aimed to assess female footballers' attitudes toward healthy eating and exercise addiction based on age, league, position, active sports year, training status and number of exercises per week, and examine female football players' attitudes toward healthy eating and exercise addiction.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> The sample group of the study consists of 167 female soccer players who are active in the Turkish women's soccer leagues 2021-2022. The data collection instruments "Personal Information Form", "Healthy Eating Attitude Scale" and "Exercise Addiction Scale" were used for the study. Independent samples t-test was used for binary comparisons for scale scores and single factorial ANOVA and Tukey HSD test for multiple comparisons.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> When the study examined mean healthy eating attitude scores, there were no differences in educational status, age, and active sports year, while league, position, and weekly exercise were not found. Variables for exercise dependence were not identified.</p> <p><em>Conclusions. </em>Therefore, based on the data obtained, the sample group concluded that there was a small, nonsignificant&nbsp;&nbsp; relationship between attitudes and exercise dependence on healthy eating. It can be said that female footballers may have improved their performance and development as a result of increasing their awareness of healthy eating and adoption of female footballers that exercise addiction interacts with healthy eating.</p> Bekir Çar Ahmet Kurtoğlu Gizem Başkaya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 26 3 128 135 10.15561/20755279.2022.0303 Muscle fatique and muscle damage in strength training <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of different types of contractions on muscle damage and muscle fatigue in sedentary individuals.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> Thirty healthy male sedentary individuals participated in the study. Strength training in different types of contractions applied in the study was applied 3 times a week for 8 weeks. Before the study, the training loads were determined by making maximal force measurements of all subjects. The 30 subjects participating in the study were divided into 3 groups: isometric (n = 10), concentric (n = 10) and eccentric (n = 10) contraction group. Appropriate amount of blood samples was taken from the elbow vein 2 times from all subjects, before the studies and at the end of the 8-week strength training.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> It was observed that eight-week strength training did not cause muscle fatigue in all groups and did not create a statistically significant difference (P&gt; 0.05). Strength training with isometric and concentric contractions for eight weeks significantly increased serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reactive protein (CRP), myoglobin (Mb), interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels, while concentric strength training significantly reduced serum aspartate amino transferase (AST) levels. Strength training with eccentric contractions significantly increased serum LDH, CRP, AST, Mb and IL-6 levels, while significantly reducing serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) levels. Strength training with eccentric contractions significantly increased serum creatine kinase (CK), CRP, AST, IL-6 and Mb levels compared to strength training with isometric and concentric contractions at the end of the eight-week study period, but did not show the same significant effect in other parameters.</p> <p><em>Conclusions. </em>As a result, it can be said that eccentric strength training performed in sedentary individuals leads to more muscle damage than isometric and concentric strength training.</p> Veysel Böge Süleyman Patlar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 26 3 136 144 10.15561/20755279.2022.0304 Effects of high intensity interval training on trace minerals and physiological parameters in tennis players <p><em>Background and Study Aim. </em>This study investigated the effects of HIIT (high-intensity interval training) implementations on some serum elements, resting heart rate, total body weight, and BMI parameters in tennis players.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods</em>. The study group consisted of 20 athletes (aged 18-22) who were actively playing tennis. The athletes were divided into experimental (n=10) and control (n=10) group. To assign participants to these groups homogeneously, preliminary measurements were made before the study, and the results were used for clustering analysis. While the control group continued their regular tennis training, the experimental group was given additional HIIT three days a week besides regular tennis training. Measurements of BMI, resting heart rate, and body weight were taken, and serum samples were collected before and after training from both groups. The SPSS package program was used in data analysis. The level of significance was set at p&lt;0.05 in the tests. Participants showed significant differences in sodium, calcium, iron, resting heart rate, weight, and BMI parameters between groups (p&lt;0.05).</p> <p><em>Results</em>. However, no significant differences between the groups were found in potassium, chlorine, and magnesium parameters (p&gt;0.05). The within-group measurements of sodium, calcium, resting heart rate, weight and BMI levels decreased in the experimental group in the post-test, while iron levels were higher in the post-test compared to the pre-test value (p&lt;0.05). On the other hand, the pre-test and post-test values were similar within the control group, and there were no significant differences (p&gt;0.05).</p> <p><em>Conclusions</em>. Training remodelled with HIIT implementation can affect athletes' element levels, BMI, total body weight, and resting heart rate. In addition, the increase in iron levels due to HIIT in the experimental group was important. We believe that this may affect both muscle contraction functions and the efficiency performance output. Lastly, due to the decrease of calcium and sodium elements with HIIT implementations, we suggest that HIIT applications should not be performed unsupervised. In addition, by tracking the element levels of athletes, they should be supported with supplements or nutritional meals in line with expert advice when necessary.</p> Salih Öner Yavuz Yasul ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 26 3 145 153 10.15561/20755279.2022.0305 The level of students’ physical development depending on the ethno-territorial variability of morpho-functional features <p><em>Background and Study Aim</em><em>. </em>The variability of interpopulation morphofunctional traits in humans is closely related to various environmental factors. However, body composition has a significant relationship with indicators of physical fitness, human performance, with its adaptation to environmental conditions. <em>The aim of the work</em> is to investigate ethno-territorial variability of morphological characteristics of students studying at Ukrainian universities.</p> <p><em>Material and methods</em><em>.</em> Datum were from cross-sectional surveys since 2014 through 2019. Male students aged 18–25 years old (n = 488) of Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University from different countries were recruited. Anthropometric methods included body length (BH), body weight (BW), chest girth in three states: at maximum, maximum inspiration and rest; skinfolds thicknesses and epiphysis measurements. Somatometric physical development indicators (body mass index - BMI), Kettle’, Pignet’, Livi’ and Erismann’ indexes) were calculated on the basis of these parameters. Body composition (absolute and relative amounts of skeletal, fat and muscle components) were determined using Matiegka formula.</p> <p><em>Results. </em>It was found that the average growth of students in European countries is higher compared to students from Asia (9-10%) and Africa (3-5%). Reliably significant differences (p &lt;.05) in body weight indicators between all ethnic groups were found. Students from India are characterized by very low levels of relative body fat. Most representatives of Egypt (61.4%) and Jordan (50.9%) are characterized by moderately high fat content. For representatives of all other countries, this figure is within the optimal ratio.</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> The obtained results showed that anthropometric and morphometric indicators of students aged 18-25 change statistically significantly depending on the ethno-territorial factor. Thus, the study of ethnic variability of morphological characteristics is of great importance for the individualization of physical training of students from other countries in higher education institutions of Ukraine.</p> Iryna Ivanyshyn Igor Vypasniak Sergii Iermakov Wladyslaw Jagiello Tetiana Yermakova Vasyl Lutskyi Oleh Vintoniak Irina Kriventsova ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-30 2022-06-30 26 3 154 164 10.15561/20755279.2022.0306