Physical education of students 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 Sergii Iermakov Open Journal Systems <p style="background: #D2E4FA; width: 170px; border-radius: 5px 5px 5px 5px; text-align: center; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; color: #ffffff;"><a href="/index.php/PES/user/register" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Make a Submission</strong></a></p> <p>If your manuscript and figures are ready to submit according to the <a href="/index.php/PES/pages/view/trebovaniya-e" target="_blank" rel="noopener">manuscript formatting guidelines and requirements</a>, please proceed directly to the <a href="/index.php/PES/user/register" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ONLINE SUBMISSION SYSTEM</a> (manuscript processing <a href="/index.php/PES/pages/view/trebovaniya-e#25" target="_blank" rel="noopener">fees</a>). <br><br> Journal is published 6 times per year (bimonthly: February, April, June, August, October, December). <br><br> Journal is ratified Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (online):<br> physical education and sport (11.07.2019, № 975, “A” - 24.00.01, 24.00.02, 24.00.03; 017); (13.03.2017, № 374); pedagogical sciences (07.05.2019, № 612, “A” - 13.00.02; 011, 014); (22.12.2016, № 1604). <br> <br> All articles have <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOI (digital object identifier)</a><br> <br> All authors have <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ORCID</a><br> <br> INDEXING: Web of Science Core Collection (ESCI); DOAJ; <a href="/index.php/PES/pages/view/Indexing" target="_blank" rel="noopener">See more ►</a> <br> <br> <a href="/index.php/PES/issue/current" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/images/FVS-e.jpg" alt="cover" width="218" height="312" align="left"></a></p> <p><br> <a href=""><img src="" alt="Flag Counter" border="0"></a></p> <hr noshade="noshade" size="1" width="700"> <p>&nbsp;</p> Do e-athletes move? A study on physical activity level and body composition in elite e-sports 2020-10-29T07:03:55+00:00 Akan Bayrakdar Yağmur Yıldız Işık Bayraktar <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> The aim of this study is to determine the effect of e-sports on physical activity level and body composition.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods. </em>&nbsp;The athletes who participated in the study were 19.92± 2.21 years of age, 1.73±0.04 m body height and 78.35±6.52 kg body weight. A total of 137 athletes participated in the study, including 27 from Turkey, 47 from South Korea and 63 from the United States (USA). The data was collected by e-mail from the sports clubs. The athletes who representing their country in international competitions involved in the study. The data obtained were evaluated in the SPSS program.</p> <p><em>Results. </em>&nbsp;According to the findings of the study, the body mass index (BMI) of e-sport athletes is 26.03±1.85, the number of physical activity steps is 6646±3400 and the daily e-sport hours are 9.34±1.12. The BMI was determined as USA 26.12, South Korea 26.02 and Turkey 25.84 respectively. The number of physical activity steps was identified as 5255 steps in the US, 7785 steps in South Korea and 7909 steps in Turkey. The daily e-sports hour is set at US 9.63 hours, Turkey 9.29 hours and South Korea 8.97 hours. In comparison of country-based athletes, there was a significant difference between physical activity level and daily e-sports hours at p&lt;0.05. The value of BMI is not different. Although it is not statistically related to the physical activity level and BMI. There was no statistically significant relationship between daily e-sports hours and BMI and physical activity step counts. However, as the time of e-sports increases, BMI increases and the number of physical activity steps decreases.</p> <p><em>Conclusions. </em>&nbsp;As a result it is seen in the findings of the research that athletes dealing with e-sports are included in the fat group as a body composition and their daily physical activity steps are low. In addition, according to the results of the research, e-sports are thought to have negative effects on physical health. Thanks to the physical activity programs to be applied to these athletes, it is thought that their body composition and physical activity levels can be improved.</p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Relationships between body composition and anaerobic performance parameters in female handball players 2020-10-29T07:03:55+00:00 Mehmet Kale Erkan Akdoğan <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> The purpose of this study was to investigate of the relationships between total/segmental body composition and anaerobic performance parameters in female handball players.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> Voluntary 16 women handball players (age= 19.6±2.6years, body height= 168.0±5.5cm, body weight= 64.7±10.7kg), trained last 3 years, were participated to the study. Twelve of them were students from Faculty of Sports Sciences. All measurement and tests were completed in the week right after Turkish Women Handball 1th League. Total and segmental body composition parameters (body fat percentage, body fat mass, lean body mass, leg fat percentage, leg fat mass, lean leg mass, torso fat percentage, torso fat mass, and lean torso mass) of each player were evaluated with <a href="">dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry</a> method. Squat jump test for explosive power, countermovement jump test for elastic (reactive) power, and Wingate test for anaerobic power (WAnT AP) and anaerobic capacity (WAnT AC) were used. Relationships of total/segmental body composition parameters with jump and anaerobic power-capacity parameters were analysed with Pearson correlation and the probability level was set to p£0.05.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> As a result of statistical analyses, there were negative relationships (p&lt;0.05) between anaerobic performance parameters (countermovement jump and anaerobic power-capacity) and total/segmental body composition parameters except for lean body mass, lean leg mass, and lean torso mass.</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> Total/segmental body composition parameters based on endomorphy had negative effects on explosive power, elastic power, WAnT AP and WAnT AC. It is suggested that coaches should not allow female handball players to rise in ectomorphy for the anaerobic performance loss in the season finale.</p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The effects of 5x5 exercises on a quality of life of university students, who use smartphones during long periods 2020-10-29T07:03:55+00:00 Aysenur Tuncer Tuba Maden Tugba Badat Deniz Kocamaz <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> The present study investigated the effect of a 5x5 exercise program on sleep quality, fatigue, neck pain, head posture, daily walking, sitting, sleeping and smartphone usage time.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> An exercise program was applied to 54 university students (17 males, 37 females) between October and November 2019. The five exercises lasted approximately 15- 20 minutes in each training session (diaphragmatic breathing, axial neck extension, cervical stabilization, pectoral stretch, and shoulder retractor strengthening) that was performed 5 times a day, 5 days a week for 5 weeks. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), Neck Disability Index (NDI), Forward Head Posture (FHP), number of daily steps, sitting time, sleep time, and smartphone usage time were compared before and after the exercise program. The Paired Samples t-test was used to compare differences between the pre-exercise and post-exercise variables. Statistical significance level was set at 0.05.</p> <p><em>Results</em>. Following the 5-week exercise program, sleep quality improved, and levels of neck disability and fatigue were lower and the differences were statistically significant (p&lt;0.05). No change was determined in FHP, daily sitting time and daily number of steps, sleep hours, and smartphone usage time (p&gt;0.05).</p> <p><em>Conclusion</em>. The 5-week program of posture correction, stretching and strengthening exercises improved sleep quality, fatigue levels, and neck disability. The findings of this study can be used to improve the sleep quality, fatigue and neck problems of both students and sedentary workers.</p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effects of varied packages of plyometric training on selected motor ability components among university students 2020-10-29T07:03:56+00:00 Wasim Khan Tasleem Arif Khushdil K. Muhammad Sardar N. Sohail Irina V. Kriventsova <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> The main focus of the study was to examine the effect of varied packages of plyometric training on speed, leg explosive power, and muscular endurance among university students.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> Sixty subjects (age= 21.37+1.40) were divided into two groups namely, Control Group (CG, n=15) and Experimental Group (EG, n=45). The EG was further divided into three different groups based on the different training packages such as Low, Medium, and High-Intensity plyometric training. The .05 level of confidence was fixed as the level of significance to test the ‘F’ ratio obtained by the analysis of covariance, which was considered as appropriate. Plyometric training for a period of eight weeks offered to the participants of the Experimental Group.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> The results revealed that various plyometric training programs have produced significant development in improving motor ability components such as speed, leg explosive power, and muscular endurance of the participants (p&lt;.05). The results indicated that high-intensity plyometric training was noticed as superior then low and medium intensity plyometric training in the perspective of the effect of varied packages of plyometric on selected motor ability components among participants.</p> <p><em>Conclusion. </em>Keeping in view the utility and importance of plyometric training, we recommended that the exercise protocol used in this study may helpful for the development and improvement of such components to get peak performance in sports.</p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Ratio and interconnections of functional fitness structure key components of elite combat athletes at the stage of maximum realization of individual capabilities 2020-10-29T07:03:57+00:00 Oleksander Pryimakov Sergii Iermakov Jerzy Eider Stanislav Prysiazhniuk Anatoly Skrypko Natalija Mazurok <p><em>Background and Study Aim. </em>&nbsp;The objective of the work consisted in studying the ratio and interconnections of functional fitness structure key components of elite combat athletes in the process of adaptation to physical loads at the stage of individual capacity maximum realization.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods. </em>55 highly skilled wrestlers aged 19-27 years old, members of the national teams of Ukraine in different styles of wrestling - freestyle, Greco-Roman, judo were examined. The assessment of wrestlers’ functional fitness structure was made according to a complex of indices of physiological systems activity at rest and during performance of a block of testing physical loads on a bicycle ergometer.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> The components of functional fitness structure of male combat athletes of three wrestling styles (Greco-Roman, freestyle and judo) were studied according to the manifestations of the respiratory and circulatory functions during testing loads performance, and achieved indices of work capacity. It has been revealed that the key integrative components of the general structure of wrestlers' fitness include: the level of special work capacity, general level of functional fitness, mobility of physiological processes, economy, anaerobic power. Greco-Roman wrestlers are superior to freestyle wrestlers and judokas in anaerobic power, mobility and economy. The greatest differences are manifested in the values of anaerobic power, mobility and general level of functional fitness, whereas the least - in indices of economy. The key criteria for the functional fitness of wrestlers in the manifestation of a high level of physical work capacity include: economy of functioning at rest and during muscular activity of anaerobic-aerobic nature, high reactivity of the cardiovascular system to physical load, power of the anaerobic energy supply system, the rate of recovery processes, the state of cardiac activity regulatory mechanisms, the level of metabolic processes and excitability of the heart muscle. The level of development and the ratio of the components of functional fitness structure of elite combat athletes may be used as the reference models for development of differentiated scales for estimation of the key constituents of physical state of wrestlers specialized in freestyle, Greco-Roman wrestling and judo. Complex application of different methods of testing athletes provides more efficient approach to the problem of monitoring and managing functional fitness and special work capacity of wrestlers at the stage of maximum realization of individual capacities.</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;An increase in the proportion of key integrative functional indices in special work capacity of athletes specialized in various wrestling styles - Greco-Roman, freestyle and judo represents the most significant criterion for improving their functional fitness structure.</p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Parameters of lipid and oxidative-antioxidant status in persons aged 18-23 from radiation-contaminated areas under conditions of moderate physical activity 2020-10-29T07:03:57+00:00 Vadym L. Sokolenko Svitlana V. Sokolenko <p><em>Background and Study Aim</em><em>. </em>There is a significant amount of data on the stressful effects of exercise, which contain conflicting results. Some publications testify to the adaptive processes and the benefits of optimized exercise for various physiological systems, some deny such an effect. Much controversial is the question of combination the physical exercises of different intensity with other stressors. The purpose of the study: to analyze the parameters of lipid metabolism and oxidative-antioxidant system in persons aged 18-23 who lived in territories with different radioecological status, under conditions of moderate physical activity during exercise.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods</em><em>. </em>There were examined 50 students from relatively ecologically clean areas (control group) and 50 students from the IV radiation zone (experimental group). The radiation zone is selected by the dosimetry of soil contamination with <sup>137</sup>Cs isotopes after the Chornobyl catastrophe. Age of the examined is 18-23 years. Within the framework of the experimental group there were formed two subgroups: the main group for physical training classes (without signs of morphological-functional disorders) and the group for therapeutic physical training classes (TPTC, persons with signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia syndrome). For the control and experimental main group, classes contained all the planned exercises due to the standard curriculum. The program included a combination of aerobic and strength exercises of moderate intensity. For students with signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia, teachers used specially designed therapeutic exercise complexes. The first analysis of parameters was carried out the day before physical training classes, the second one – immediately after the class.</p> <p><em>Results</em><em>. </em>Higher levels of total cholesterol and its lipoprotein fractions (LDL-C and HDL-C), triglycerides, oxidative stress index are detected in the experimental group compared to the control group. At the same time lower levels of sulfhydryl groups (SH) were marked. The absence of statistically significant changes in the analyzed parameters in the control group and the experimental therapeutic group after physical exercises is shown in the study. There were evident tendencies of ceruloplasmin level increase in the control along with the absence of such trends in persons with signs of vegetative-vascular dystonia syndrome. This led to the formation of a significant difference between groups for this antioxidant. There is a significant increase in cortisol level and oxidative stress index in the main group of students from radiation contaminated areas.</p> <p><em>Conclusions</em><em>. </em>Potentiation of various stress factors in persons who experienced the prolonged exposure to Chornobyl accident reduces the adaptive potential of homeostatic systems. This eliminates the optimization of lipid metabolism and oxidative-antioxidant system through moderate exercise. Exercise therapy does not cause a pronounced stress effect.</p> 2020-10-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##