https://sportedu.org.ua/index.php/PES/issue/feed Physical education of students 2021-02-27T18:14:58+00:00 Sergii Iermakov sportart@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p style="background: #D2E4FA; width: 170px; border-radius: 5px 5px 5px 5px; text-align: center; padding: 5px 5px 5px 5px; color: #ffffff;"><a href="/index.php/PES/user/register" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Make a Submission</strong></a></p> <p>If your manuscript and figures are ready to submit according to the <a href="/index.php/PES/pages/view/trebovaniya-e" target="_blank" rel="noopener">manuscript formatting guidelines and requirements</a>, please proceed directly to the <a href="/index.php/PES/user/register" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ONLINE SUBMISSION SYSTEM</a> [Article Processing Charges (APC) <a href="/index.php/PES/pages/view/trebovaniya-e#25" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Information</a>]</p> <p>Journal "Physical Education of Students" (Abbreviated key-title: Phys. educ. stud. <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/issn/2308-7250#" target="_blank" rel="noopener">e-ISSN 2308-7250</a>). <br> The previous title <a href="https://sportedu.org.ua/html/arhive-e.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">"Fiziceskoe Vospitanie Studentov (Physical Education of Students)"</a> p-ISSN 2075-5279; e-ISSN 2223-2125 (01.07.2009 - 31.12.2012). <br> The previous title <a href="https://sportedu.org.ua/html/physical-edu/title-FV.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener">"Fiziceskoe Vospitanie Studentov Tvorcheskikh Special'nostej (Physical education ot students of creative profession)"</a> ISSN 1993-4335 (30.11.1996 - 30.06.2009). <br><br> Journal is published 6 times per year (bimonthly: February, April, June, August, October, December). <br><br> Journal is ratified Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (online):<br> physical education and sport (11.07.2019, № 975, “A” - 24.00.01, 24.00.02, 24.00.03; 017); (13.03.2017, № 374); pedagogical sciences (07.05.2019, № 612, “A” - 13.00.02; 011, 014); (22.12.2016, № 1604). <br> <br> All articles have <a href="https://search.crossref.org/?q=2308-7250" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOI (digital object identifier)</a> <br><br> All authors have <a href="https://orcid.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ORCID</a> <br><br> INDEXING: Web of Science Core Collection (ESCI); DOAJ; <a href="/index.php/PES/pages/view/Indexing" target="_blank" rel="noopener">See more ►</a> <br><br> <a href="/index.php/PES/issue/current" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/images/FVS-e.jpg" alt="cover" width="218" height="312" align="left"></a> <br><br></p> <p><br> <a href="http://s05.flagcounter.com/more/k8H"><img src="http://s05.flagcounter.com/count2/k8H/bg_FFFFFF/txt_000000/border_CCCCCC/columns_8/maxflags_40/viewers_0/labels_0/pageviews_0/flags_0/percent_0/" alt="Flag Counter" border="0"></a></p> <hr noshade="noshade" size="1" width="100%"> https://sportedu.org.ua/index.php/PES/article/view/1301 The effect of the detraining period caused by the COVID-19 pandemic on the change of direction performance of fencers 2021-02-27T18:14:55+00:00 Sercin Kosova sercin.kosova@gmail.com Merve Koca Kosova merve.koca@deu.edu.tr <p><em>Background and Study Aim.</em> The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many athletes to interrupt their regular training programme. The change-of-direction performance is a highly critical parameter for fencing. This study aims to investigate the effects of the detraining process caused by the COVID-19 pandemic on the change-of-direction performance of fencers.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> The study sample comprised 15 fencers (11 males, 4 females) who were competitors in the U17-20 age categories (mean age: 15.75±1.51 years; height: 170.30±7.68 cm; weight: 65.16±10.83 kg) in Turkey. All participants were high school students. Branch-specific change-of-direction tests (4-2-2-4-m shuttle and 7-m repeat lunge ability) were measured in the middle of the competition season and after the detraining period. The detraining period lasted 31 weeks due to the pandemic process.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Results</em>. The results showed that participants were slower in the post 7-m repeat lunge ability test (23.32±2.21 sec.) compared with the pre-test (22.38±1.58 sec.) and participants were slower in the post 4-2-2-4-m shuttle test (6.43±0.54 sec.) compared with the pre-test (5.84±0.33 sec.) (p&lt;0.05).</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> The present study showed that long-term detraining reduces fencer’s change-of-direction performance.&nbsp; Basic exercise programs can be arranged to reduce the rate of adverse effects during long-term detraining process.</p> 2021-02-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sportedu.org.ua/index.php/PES/article/view/1302 Effect of depression among taekwondo students and its relationship with negative events due to COVID-19 2021-02-27T18:14:56+00:00 Mohammadbagher Forghani Ozrudi mohammadbagher.forghani@gmail.com Somayeh Faghanpour Faghanpours@yahoo.com Roghayeh Gholampour Goli s.gholampor876@gmail.com Leonid Podrigalo l.podrigalo@mail.ru <p><em>Background and Study Aim. </em>The aim of this research was to examine The effect of depression among taekwondo students and its relationship with negative events due to COVID-19 in Mazandaran University.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> This research was conducted on the appropriate sample of 116 Taekwondo students from Mazandaran university, being 18-24 years old. The applied measure instruments were - Adolescent Perceived Events Scale, Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale, Confrontation with Stressing Situation Questionnaire, Social Support Questionnaire, Children's Depression Rating Scale-demonstrated satisfactory reliability. The data was processed using descriptive parameters, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and hierarchy regression analysis &amp; SPSS<sub>23</sub> software.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> Achieved results didn’t show that predictor variables (common automatic thoughts, the sense of general self-efficiency, confrontation strategies and perceived support of family, coach and team peers) are the cause of the common negative events due to COVID-19 and depression relations of Taekwondo students in the middle period of adolescence.</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> &nbsp;On contrary, the results have emphasized the fact that mutual relations of common negative events and depression of Taekwondo students, in this young category, can be explained using independent variables (unwilling unconscious negative thoughts, confrontation focused on feelings, as well as support of family, coach and team peers).</p> 2021-02-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sportedu.org.ua/index.php/PES/article/view/1315 The impact of the universities closure on physical activity and academic performance in physical education in university students during the COVID-19 pandemic 2021-02-27T18:14:56+00:00 Aleksander Yu. Osipov ale44132272@yandex.ru Tatyana I. Ratmanskaya tanyabaulina@rambler.ru Elena A. Zemba zembaelena@rambler.ru Vladimir Potop contact@ueb.ro Mikhail D. Kudryavtsev kumid@yandex.ru Roman S. Nagovitsyn gto18@mail.ru <p><em>Background and Study Aim. </em>Physical activity (PA) is regarded as a critical component of a healthy lifestyle and disease prevention. Different constraints placed upon social interaction and public spaces due to COVID-19 could decrease PA and academic performance in physical education (PE) in student population. The purpose of the research was to assess overall and sport/fitness PA level and academic performance in PE in a sample of university students pre- to post-cancellation of face-to-face PE classes due to the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods. </em>Participants (n=209) – university students (19-20 years old). The overall period of the research is September-December 2020. All participants (male–n=106 and female–n=103) were divided into approximately equal groups: humanities students (male–MG-1, female–FG-1), medicine students (male–MG-2, female–FG-2), technical students (male–MG-3, female–FG-3). The main research tools: modified student self-reported questionnaire (on the base of IPAQ), academic grading (scores for self-completed PE tasks). In surveys, all participants self-rated overall and sport/fitness PA level pre- to post-cancellation of face-to-face PE classes. The participants had to complete 32 special PE tasks, during the research period. PE teachers rated participants by a special grading scale.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> For the male and female students’ groups there were no significant differences of overall PA, sport/fitness PA level and academic performance in PE pre-cancellation of face-to-face PE classes. All participants significantly (p≤0.05) decreased overall PA, sport/fitness PA level and academic performance in PE post-cancellation. There was a significant (p≤0.05) large amount of overall PA level in MG-2 students and sport/fitness PA level in MG-1 students’ post-cancellation of face-to-face PE classes. For the male students there were no significant differences of grading in PE pre- to post-cancellation of face-to-face PE classes between participants groups. There was a significant (p≤0.05) large amount of overall PA level post-cancellation of face-to-face PE classes in FG-2 students. There was a significantly (p≤0.05) lower amount of sport/fitness PA level post-cancellation of face-to-face PE classes in FG-3 students. There was a significant drop in mean grading scores in PE post-cancellation of face-to-face PE classes in students. FG-2 participants had significantly (p≤0.05) higher grading scores in PE post-cancellation of face-to-face PE classes.</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> The universities closure and cancellation of face-to-face PE classes due to the COVID-19 pandemic decreased overall PA, sport/fitness PA level and academic performance in PE in all participants. It is important to note that the proportional decrease in overall PA for the male students was actually large, then decrease in overall PA for the female students was less. The findings highlight the need for active interventions of PA promotion targeted at the student population in the context of self-isolation measures during the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> 2021-02-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sportedu.org.ua/index.php/PES/article/view/1330 Examination of the perceptions of self-sufficiency and burnout levels of students of the sports science faculty during the COVID-19 pandemic 2021-02-27T18:14:57+00:00 Şakir Tüfekçi sakir.tufekci@inonu.edu.tr Hulusi Böke yakamoz8386@gmail.com <p><em>Background and Study Aim. </em>To determine the perception of self-sufficiency and burnout levels of students studying in the faculty of sports sciences during the Covid-19 pandemic.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods. </em>This cross-sectional descriptive-correlational study was performed in the Sports Science Faculty of İnönü University of Turkey which forms the universe of the study. In addition, "Perception of General self-sufficiency" and "Burnout Level Scale" were used in the study. T-test and One-Way ANOVA tests were used to perform the differential analysis and Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis was used to determine the correlation between variables. In addition, regression analysis was performed by creating dummy variables in order to predict the dimensions.</p> <p><em>Results. </em>The students’ general self-sufficiency perception scores were found to be above average and their burnout levels were found to be below average. It was observed that the general self-sufficiency perception scores differed in terms of the class variable, and the burnout level scores differed in terms of class, family income level and studied department variables. In the correlation analysis that was carried out, it was understood that there was a mutually inverse and significant correlation between the dimensions of the scale. With the regression analysis, it was determined that the first-grade level scores were an independent significant predictor for both self-sufficiency and burnout scores, and the lowest income level scores were only an independent predictor for burnout level scores.</p> <p><em>Conclusions. </em>It can be said that students at the faculty of sports sciences are not overly affected by the Covid-19 Pandemic and the results are as desired. It can be suggested that the perception of self-sufficiency and burnout scores to be correlated and predicted with different variables.</p> 2021-02-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sportedu.org.ua/index.php/PES/article/view/1324 The relationship between college athletes' health literacy and COVID-19 anxiety levels 2021-02-27T18:14:57+00:00 Sinan Uğraş sinanugras@gmail.com Ahmet E. Sağın a.enessagin@gmail.com Ömer Karabulut omer.karabult@gmail.com Gökmen Özen gokmenozen44@gmail.com <p><em>Background and Study Aim</em>. Health literacy is the ability to access health information, understand, evaluate and apply health information. The health literacy of athletes may be determinant in the understanding of the COVID-19 pandemic process and in the level of the impact of this health-related anxiety factor. Therefore, the aim of this study is to examine whether there is a relationship between college athletes' COVID-19 anxiety levels and their health literacy levels during the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> College athletes between the ages of 18 and 32 participated in the study and the average age was 24.2. A total of 234 elite collage athletes participated in the study. 133 of the participants were males and 101 were females. COVID-19 Anxiety Scale was used to determine the COVID-19 anxiety states and Health Literacy index was used to the level of health literacy of the participants in the COVID-19 pandemic process. Pearson correlation analysis and stepwise regression analysis were performed for statistical analyses. Significance level in analysis has been accepted as p. &lt; 05.</p> <p><em>Results.</em> Our findings revealed that there were significant relationships between elite athletes' health literacy sub-dimension scores and COVID-anxiety level. In addition, it was determined that access to information and understanding information sub-dimensions from health literacy sub-dimensions predicted elite college athletes’ the COVID-19 anxiety level at 21.2%. As a result, elite college athletes had low levels of anxiety against COVID-19, and this situation associated with their high level of health literacy.</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> The increase of elite college athletes' the level of health literacy will decrease their anxiety levels. It will be beneficial to implement training programs that can increase their health literacy levels in order to reduce the impact of the unexpected health crisis due to COVID-19, especially the anxiety levels of college athletes.</p> 2021-02-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sportedu.org.ua/index.php/PES/article/view/1318 Assessment of the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on emotional and nutritional status of university athletes 2021-02-27T18:14:57+00:00 Gökmen Özen gokmenozen44@gmail.com Günay Eskici dtgunay@hotmail.com Hüseyin Ö. Yurdakul hoyurdakul@gmail.com Hürmüz Koç hurmuzkoc@gmail.com <p><em>Background and Study Aim. </em>The current study was carried out to analyze the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the emotional state and nutritional behavior of university athletes.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> This research was carried out during the first wave of COVID-19 in Turkey. A total of 334 (162 female and 172 male) athletes who are undergraduate students in the faculties of sports sciences of universities participated in the study. Their mean age was 21.46 ± 3.7. The Emotional Eating Scale (EES) was used to determine the nutritional behavior of the participants and The Profile of Mood States (POMS) scale was used to determine their emotional state. The Chi-square and Cross-tabulation tests were used for the statistical analysis of categorical variables. Mann Whitney U test was used for the analysis of continuous variables, and Spearman Sequence Correlation test protocols were used for correlation analysis.</p> <p><em>Results</em><strong>.</strong> The results of the statistical analysis revealed that there was a significant increase in the amount of fluid consumption of elite athletes. There was a significant relationship between negative mood and emotional eating sub-assessment (p &lt;0.05). However, it was found that there was no significant difference between total and subscale scores of amateur and elite athletes (p &gt;0.05).</p> <p><em>Conclusion.</em> As a result of the research, it was seen that elite and amateur athletes did not have a significant difference in emotional eating and mood status, except for the amount of fluid consumption. The increase in negative emotions of university athletes is an important factor that increased their emotional eating behavior.</p> 2021-02-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sportedu.org.ua/index.php/PES/article/view/1322 Home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises: new fitness assessment and intervention in teaching physical education 2021-02-27T18:14:58+00:00 Marino A. Garcia garciam@cnu.edu.ph Emerito R. Custodio emeritocustodio67@gmail.com <p><em>Background and Study Aim. </em>The COVID – 19 pandemic has post threats on the physical and mental fitness of the people. Thus, the study determined the effectiveness of home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises to the fitness level of the university students in physical education.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods. </em>University students were the participants of the study. 200 student populations who were taking physical education subject in the year 2020 were considered. Quasi – experimental research design was employed and 96 participants between the age bracket of 18 - 26 (74 females &amp; 22 males) were chosen using simple random sampling in determining the population size of the study. SPSS program was used in the analysis in the obtained data.</p> <p><em>Results. </em>The result shown that there is a significant difference between the pre – test and post – test results in the fitness level of the participants in body mass index (T= -3.482, p &lt; .001), cardiovascular endurance (T= -4.193, p &lt; .000), flexibility (T= -6.279, p &lt;.000), muscular endurance (T= -9.553, p &lt;.000), and muscular strength (T= -7.569, p &lt; .000) performing the home quarantine-based rhythmic exercises.</p> <p><em>Conclusion. </em>Further, it is concluded that engaging in two (2) months home quarantine – based rhythmic exercises from 30 minutes to 1 hour with moderate to vigorous intensity augment the physical fitness level of an individual. Moreover, it is recommended to put vision accounts in strengthening the inclusion of home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises in teaching physical education either in synchronous and asynchronous in teaching – learning process.</p> 2021-02-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://sportedu.org.ua/index.php/PES/article/view/1369 Influence of weekly physical exercises on indicators of biological age of student's youth 2021-02-27T18:14:58+00:00 Stanislav Prysiazhniuk stas046@ukr.net Oleksandr Pryimakov sanaol7.alex@gmail.com Sergii Iermakov sportart@gmail.com Dmytro Oleniev kaf.fv.dut@gmail.com Jerzy Eider erzy.eider@usz.edu.pl Natalija Mazurok natprim75@gmail.com <p><em>Background and Study Aim. </em>The physical activity level of students is closely associated with ecological, hygienic, and socioeconomic facts. This is especially true during the COVID-19 pandemic, which has dramatically reduced the student opportunity to engage in regular physical activity. The purpose of the work is to study the influence of the weekly physical exercises on the indicators of biological age of students of higher education institutions of Ukraine.</p> <p><em>Material and Methods.</em> The study involved 409 students (182 boys and 227 girls), who were divided into experimental (87 boys and 117 girls) and control (95 boys and 110 girls) groups. The biological age (BA) of students was determined by means of Voitenko’s method using biomarkers of their physical status. Indices of the cardiovascular system (pulse, systolic, and diastolic blood pressure); respiratory system (vital capacity, the Hench and Stange test); central nervous system (static balancing); PHSA (personal health self-assessment) were studied. In addition, a questionnaire-based survey of students on their health self-assessment including 27 questions was carried out. Statistica 13.5 statistical software package was used to process the experimental material. Methods of variation statistics, correlation, and regression analysis were used. The coefficients of the Student t-test and Fisher’s F-test were calculated. <strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><em>Results.</em> In the process of pedagogical experiment, the positive impact of the author’s physical education program on BA of students of the experimental group (EG) was revealed: in boys, the positive dynamics of BA changes was detected already after four additional hours of performing exercises per week, whereas in girls – after six or more hours. The most pronounced changes in physical state, which determined BA decrease during academic year were noted in students with a weekly motor regime exceeding 6 hours.&nbsp; In boys of EG, the biological age decreased at the end of the experiment by 11,1 years (p &lt; 0,001), whereas in girls – by 5,3 years (p &lt; 0,001). No positive changes of BA were observed at the end of the experiment in students of the control group (CG), whose weekly regime of motor activity constituted 2 hours. In boys of EG, the decrease of BA is manifested after four additional hours of performing physical exercises per week, whereas in girls – after six or more hours. The most pronounced changes in BA indices during the academic year were noted in students of the experimental group with weekly motor regime exceeding 6 hours.</p> <p><em>Conclusions.</em> The developed mathematical models are recommended to be used for estimating, modelling, and predicting the biological age of students according to informative indices of physical state.</p> 2021-02-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##