The level of students’ physical development depending on the ethno-territorial variability of morpho-functional features

Keywords: population, morphological, ethnicity, anthropometric, motor abilities

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The variability of interpopulation morphofunctional traits in humans is closely related to various environmental factors. However, body composition has a significant relationship with indicators of physical fitness, human performance, with its adaptation to environmental conditions. The aim of the work is to investigate ethno-territorial variability of morphological characteristics of students studying at Ukrainian universities. Material and methods. Datum were from cross-sectional surveys since 2014 through 2019. Male students aged 18–25 years old (n = 488) of Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University from different countries were recruited. Anthropometric methods included body length (BH), body weight (BW), chest girth in three states: at maximum, maximum inspiration and rest; skinfolds thicknesses and epiphysis measurements. Somatometric physical development indicators (body mass index - BMI), Kettle’, Pignet’, Livi’ and Erismann’ indexes) were calculated on the basis of these parameters. Body composition (absolute and relative amounts of skeletal, fat and muscle components) were determined using Matiegka formula. Results. It was found that the average growth of students in European countries is higher compared to students from Asia (9-10%) and Africa (3-5%). Reliably significant differences (p <.05) in body weight indicators between all ethnic groups were found. Students from India are characterized by very low levels of relative body fat. Most representatives of Egypt (61.4%) and Jordan (50.9%) are characterized by moderately high fat content. For representatives of all other countries, this figure is within the optimal ratio. Conclusions. The obtained results showed that anthropometric and morphometric indicators of students aged 18-25 change statistically significantly depending on the ethno-territorial factor. Thus, the study of ethnic variability of morphological characteristics is of great importance for the individualization of physical training of students from other countries in higher education institutions of Ukraine.

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Author Biographies

Iryna Ivanyshyn, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
iryna.ivanyshyn@pnu.edu.ua; Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Culture; Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University; Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.
Igor Vypasniak, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
ihor.vypasniak@pnu.edu.ua; Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Culture; Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University; Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.
Sergii Iermakov, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
sportart@gmail.com; Department of Sport, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport; Gdansk, Poland. 
Wladyslaw Jagiello, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
wjagiello1@wp.pl; Department of Sport, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport; Gdansk, Poland. 
Tetiana Yermakova, Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Arts
yermakova2015@gmail.com; Department of Pedagogy, Kharkiv State Academy of Design and Arts; Kharkov, Ukraine. 
Vasyl Lutskyi, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
luckij55@gmail.com; Department of Theory and Methods of Physical Culture; Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University; Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.
Oleh Vintoniak, Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas
oleg.v@ukr.net; Department of Physical Training and Sports, Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Ukraine.
Irina Kriventsova, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
kriventsova.ira@ukr.net; Department of Martial Arts, Fencing and Endurance Sports, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University; Kharkiv, Ukraine.

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https://doi.org/10.1177/0022146510394862
Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Ivanyshyn I, Vypasniak I, Iermakov S, Jagiello W, Yermakova T, Lutskyi V, Vintoniak O, Kriventsova I. The level of students’ physical development depending on the ethno-territorial variability of morpho-functional features. Physical education of students. 2022;26(3):154-6. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0306
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