Accentuated eccentric load training: Traditional set versus cluster set

Keywords: eccentric training, clustering, power, reactive strength index, vertical jump

Abstract

www

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 26 | PDF Downloads: 34 |

Author Biographies

Mehmet Ersöz, Marmara University
m.ersozz17@gmail.com; Faculty of Sport Science, Marmara University; Istanbul, Turkey.
Salih Pınar, Fenerbahçe University
salih.pinar@fbu.edu.tr; Faculty of Sport Science, Fenerbahçe  University; Istanbul, Turkey.
Selman Kaya, Yalova University
selman.kaya@yalova.edu.tr; Faculty of Sport Science, Yalova University; Yalova, Turkey.

References

1. Morrissey MC, Harman EA, Johnson MJ. Resistance training modes: specificity and effectiveness. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 1995;27(5): 648–660.
https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199505000-00006

2. Bird SP, Tarpenning KM, Marino FE. Designing resistance training programmes to enhance muscular fitness. Sports Medicine, 2005;35(10): 841–851.
https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200535100-00002

3. Turner A. The science and practice of periodization: a brief review. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 2011;33(1): 34–46.
https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e3182079cdf

4. Girman JC, Jones MT, Matthews TD, Wood J. Acute effects of a cluster-set protocol on hormonal, metabolic and performance measures in resistance-trained males. European Journal of Sport Science, 2014;14(2):151–159.
https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391,2013.775351

5. De Weese BH, Hornsby G, Stone M, Stone MH. The training process: Planning for strength–power training in track and field. Part 1: Theoretical aspects. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2015;4(4):308–317.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2015.07.002

6. De Weese BH, Hornsby G, Stone M, Stone MH. The training process: Planning for strength–power training in track and field. Part 2: Practical and applied aspects. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2015;4(4): 318–324.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2015.07.002

7. Hodges NJ, Hayes S, Horn RR, Williams AM. Changes in coordination, control and outcome as a result of extended practice on a novel motor skill. Ergonomics, 2005;48(11-14):1672–1685.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130500101312

8. Westing SH, Seger JY, Karlson E, Ekblom B. Eccentric and concentric torque-velocity characteristics of the quadriceps femoris in man. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 1988; 58(1):100–104.
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00636611

9. Wagle JP, Taber CB, Cunanan AJ, Bingham GE, Carroll KM, DeWeese BH, Stone MH. Accentuated eccentric loading for training and performance: A review. Sports Medicine, 2017;47(12):2473–2495.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0755-6

10. Hahn D. Stretching the limits of maximal voluntary eccentric force production in vivo. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2018;7(3): 275–281.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2018.05.003

11. Ojasto T, Häkkinen K. Effects of different accentuated eccentric load levels in eccentric-concentric actions on acute neuromuscular, maximal force, and power responses. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2009;23(3), 996–1004.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a2b28e

12. Ojasto T, Häkkinen K. Effects of different accentuated eccentric loads on acute neuromuscular, growth hormone, and blood lactate responses during a hypertrophic protocol. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2009; 23(3): 946–953.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a2b22f

13. Yarrow JF, Borsa PA, Borst SE, Sitren HS, Stevens BR, White LJ. Neuroendocrine responses to an acute bout of eccentric-enhanced resistance exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2007; 39(6): 941.
https://doi.org/10.1097/mss.0b013e318043a249

14. Rice PE, Nishikawa K, Nimphius S. Isolated Joint Block Progression Training Improves Leaping Performance in Dancers. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living. 2021;3: 779824.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fspor.2021.779824

15. Munger CN, Archer DC, Leyva WD, Wong MA, Coburn, JW, Costa PB, Brown, LE. Acute effects of eccentric overload on concentric front squat performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2017; 31(5): 1192–1197.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001825

16. Doan BK, Newton RU, Marsit JL, Triplett-McBride NT, Koziris LP, Fry AC, Kraemer WJ. Effects of increased eccentric loading on bench press 1RM. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2002; 16(1): 9–13.

17. Merrigan JJ, Tufano JJ, Falzone M, Jones MT. Effectiveness of Accentuated Eccentric Loading: Contingent on Concentric Load. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 2021;16(1): 66–72.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2019-0769

18. Tseng KW, Chen JR, Chow JJ, Tseng WC, Condello G, Tai HL, et al. Post-activation Performance Enhancement after a Bout of Accentuated Eccentric Loading in Collegiate Male Volleyball Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18(24): 13110.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413110

19. Wagle JP, Cunanan AJ, Carroll KM, Sams ML, Wetmore A, Bingham GE, Stone MH. Accentuated eccentric loading and cluster set configurations in the back squat: A kinetic and kinematic analysis. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2021; 35(2): 420–427.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002677

20. Oliver JM, Kreutzer A, Jenke SC, Phillips MD, Mitchell JB, Jones MT. Velocity drives greater power observed during back squat using cluster sets. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2016;30(1): 235–243.
https://doi.org/ 10.1519/JSC.0000000000001023

21. Tufano JJ, Conlon JA, Nimphius S, Brown LE, Seitz LB, Williamson BD, Haff GG. Maintenance of velocity and power with cluster sets during high-volume back squats. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2016;11(7): 885–892.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2015-0602

22. Mora-Custodio R, Rodríguez-Rosell D, Yáñez-García JM, Sánchez-Moreno M, Pareja-Blanco F, González-Badillo J J. Effect of different inter-repetition rest intervals across four load intensities on velocity loss and blood lactate concentration during full squat exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2018;36(24):2856–2864.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1480052

23. Chiu LZ, Fry AC, Weiss LW, Schilling BK, Brown LE, Smith SL. Postactivation potentiation response in athletic and recreationally trained individuals. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2003; 17(4): 671–677.
https://doi.org/ 10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0671:ppriaa>2.0.co;2

24. Haff GG, Hobbs RT, Haff EE, Sands WA, Pierce KC, Stone MH. Cluster training: A novel method for introducing training program variation. Strength&Conditioning Journal, 2008;30(1):67–76.
https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e31816383e1

25. Arlı M, Nazik H. Bilimsel araştırmaya giriş. [Introduction to scientific research]. Ankara: Gazi Kitabevi; 2001. (In Turkish).

26. Büyüköztürk Ş, Kılıç Çakmak E, Akgün ÖE, Karadeniz Ş, Demirel F. Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri [Scientific research methods ].Ankara: Pegem Publications; 2014. (In Turkish).

27. Faul F, Erdfelder E, Buchner A, Lang AG. Statistical power analyses using G* Power 3.1: Tests for correlation and regression analyses. Behavior Research Methods, 2009;41(4):1149–1160.
https://doi.org/10.3758/BRM.41.4.1149

28. Dietz C, Peterson B. Triphasic training: A systematic approach to elite speed and explosive strength performance. Hudson, WI, USA: Bye Dietz Sport Enterprise; 2012.

29. Bolin JH, Edwards JM, Finch WH, Cassady JC. Applications of cluster analysis to the creation of perfectionism profiles: a comparison of two clustering approaches. Frontiers in Psychology, 2014;5:343.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00343

30. Walker S, Blazevich AJ, Haff GG, Tufano JJ, Newton RU, Häkkinen K. Greater Strength Gains after Training with Accentuated Eccentric than Traditional Isoinertial Loads in Already Strength-Trained Men. Frontiers in Physiology. 2016;7.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2016.00149

31. Seo DI, Kim E, Fahs CA, Rossow L, Young K, Ferguson SL, So WY. Reliability of the one-repetition maximum test based on muscle group and gender. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 2012; 11(2): 221.

32. Meylan C, Malatesta D. Effects of in-season plyometric training within soccer practice on explosive actions of young players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2009;23(9):2605–2613.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b1f330

33. Doğru Zafer. Farklı Çeviklik Testleri Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi. [Examining the Relationship Between Different Agility Tests]. Journal of Global Sport and Education Research, 2020; 3(2): 1–14. (In Turkish).

34. Douglas J, Pearson S, Ross A, McGuigan M. Effects of accentuated eccentric loading on muscle properties, strength, power, and speed in resistance-trained rugby players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2018;32(10):2750–2761.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002772

35. Balsalobre-Fernández C, Glaister M, Lockey RA. The validity and reliability of an iPhone app for measuring vertical jump performance. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2015;33(15): 1574–1579.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.996184

36. Bogataj Š, Pajek M, Hadžić V, Andrašić S, Padulo J, Trajković N. Validity, reliability, and usefulness of My Jump 2 App for measuring vertical jump in primary school children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020; 17(10): 3708.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103708

37. Turgut A, Özkurt ÇG. Gelen E. Dikey sıçrama performansının belirlenmesinde akıllı telefon uygulaması kullanılabilir mi? [Can a smartphone app be used to determine vertical jump performance? ]. International Journal of Sport Exercise and Training Sciences, 2018; 4 (2): 79–83. (InTurkish).
https://doi.org/10.18826/useeabd.437153

38. Pleša J, Kozinc Ž, Smajla D, Šarabon N. The association between reactive strength index and reactive strength index modified with approach jump performance. Plos One, 2022;17(2):e0264144.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0264144

39. IBM Corp. Released 2019. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 26.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp; 2019.

40. Kristiansen EL, Larsen S, van den Tillaar R. The Acute Effect of Accentuated Eccentric Overloading upon the Kinematics and Myoelectric Activity in the Eccentric and Concentric Phase of a Traditional Bench Press. Sports. 2022;10(1): 6.
https://doi.org/10.3390/sports10010006

41. Toien T, Haglo HP, Unhjem R, Hoff T, Wang E. Maximal strength training: the impact of eccentric overload. Journal of Neurophysiology. 2018;120(6): 2868–2876.
https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00609.2018

42. Aboodarda SJ, Yusof A, Osman NA, Thompson MW, Mokhtar AH. Enhanced performance with elastic resistance during the eccentric phase of a countermovement jump. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2013;8(2),181–187.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.2.181

43. Bridgeman LA, McGuigan MR, Gill ND. A case study investigating the effects of an accentuated eccentric load drop jump training program on strength, power, speed and change of direction. Sport Perf Sci. 2020;86(1):1–4.

44. Lockie RG, Schultz AB, Callaghan SJ, Jeffriess MD. The effects of traditional and enforced stopping speed and agility training on multidirectional speed and athletic function. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2014;28(6): 1538–1551.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000309

45. de Hoyo M, Sañudo B, Carrasco L, Mateo-Cortes J, Domínguez-Cobo S, Fernandes O, Gonzalo Sk, O. Effects of 10-week eccentric overload training on kinetic parameters during change of direction in football players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2016;34(14): 1380–1387.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1157624

46. Tous-Fajardo J, Gonzalo-Skok O, Arjol-Serrano JL, Tesch P. Enhancing change-of-direction speed in soccer players by functional inertial eccentric overload and vibration training. International Journal of Sports Physiology & Performance, 2016;11(1):66–73.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2015-0010

47. Spiteri T, Nimphius S, Hart NH, Specos C, Sheppard JM, Newton RU. Contribution of strength characteristics to change of direction and agility performance in female basketball athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2014;28(9): 2415–2423.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000547

48. Sheppard JM, Kieran Young. Using additional eccentric loads to increase concentric performance in the bench throw. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2010;24(10):2853–2856.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e2731b

49. Cavagna GA, Dusman B, Margaria R. Positive work done by a previously stretched muscle. Journal of Applied Physiology, 1968;24(1):21–32.
https://doi.org/10.1152/jappl.1968.24.1.21

50. Komi PV, Bosco C. Utilization of stored elastic energy in leg extensor muscles by men and women. Medicine and Science in Sports, 1978; 10(4):261–265.

51. Hansen KT, Cronin JB, Pickering SL, Newton, MJ. Does cluster loading enhance lower body power development in preseason preparation of elite rugby union players?. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2011; 25(8): 2118–2126.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318220b6a3

52. Friedmann-Bette B, Bauer T, Kinscherf R, Vorwald S, Klute K, Bischoff, D,Billeter R. Effects of strength training with eccentric overload on muscle adaptation in male athletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2010;108(4): 821–836.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-009-1292-2

53. Friedmann B, Kinscherf R, Vorwald S, Müller H, Kucera K, Borisch S. Billeter, R. Muscular adaptations to computer‐guided strength training with eccentric overload. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 2004; 182(1): 77–88.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-201X.2004.01337.x

54. Walker S, Häkkinen K, Haff GG, Blazevich AJ, Newton RU. Acute elevations in serum hormones are attenuated after chronic training with traditional isoinertial but not accentuated eccentric loads in strength‐trained men. Physiological Reports, 2017; 5(7):e13241.
https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13241

55. Kurt C, Kafkas ME, Kurtdere I, Selalmaz O. Influence of traditional and cluster set plyometric warm-ups on reactive strength index and leg stiffness in male rugby players. Isokinetics and Exercise Science. 2018;26(3): 237–244.
https://doi.org/10.3233/IES-182156

56. Torres Lopez de Haro F, Olcina Camacho G, Timon Andrada R. Postperformance fatigue in cluster-set training with free and guided weight in trained athletes. Medicina Dello Sport. 2019;72(4): 642–653.
https://doi.org/10.23736/S0025-7826.19.03489-6

57. Munger CN, Archer DC, Leyva WD, Wong MA, Coburn JW, Costa PB, Brown LE. Acute effects of eccentric overload on concentric front squat performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2017;31(5): 1192–1197.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001825

58. Latella C, Teo WP, Drinkwater EJ, Kendall K, Haff GG. The Acute Neuromuscular Responses to Cluster Set Resistance Training: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine. 2019;49(12): 1861–1877.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01172-z

59. Wagle JP, Lates AD, Greer BK, Taber CB. Accentuated eccentric loading and cluster set configurations in the bench press. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2022;36(6): 1485–1489.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003664
Published
2022-09-04
How to Cite
1.
Ersöz M, Pınar S, Kaya S. Accentuated eccentric load training: Traditional set versus cluster set. Physical education of students. 2022;26(5):234-46. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2022.0503
Section
Articles