Indicators of physical activity and fitness of male students at Russian universities

Keywords: physical activity, male students, functional fitness tests, self-assessment, physical fitness

Abstract

Purpose: A significant volume of data on the level of physical activity and health of male students presents at the literature. Scientists use the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) to collect data. Scientists point to the need to use objective practical tests that complement the IPAQ data. The purpose of the research is to search for objective data on the level of physical activity of undergraduate male students receiving education in Russian Federation. Material: Participants – male students (n=205, age-19-20 years). The period of research is March-April 2019. Students were divided into groups: G-1 – students (n=127) who did not have proof of their physical activity in sports and fitness, G-2 – students (n=78) who had provided confirmation. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) in its extended version assessing four domains of activity, which was supplemented with original questions regarding perceived physical fitness (high, moderate, low) and favorite physical activity in sports and fitness was used in research. Students' physical fitness profile testing is performed using Functional fitness assessment tests. The collected data were analysed using SPSS20. Physical fitness test results were compared by using Mann-Whitney U–test. Results: The IPAQ data indicate a significant (P<0.001) advantage of students (G-2) in total physical activity. Students (G-1) have a significant (P<0.01) advantage in the volume of physical activity at work. The volume of physical activity in sports and fitness is significantly higher (P<0.001) for students (G-2). Functional fitness tests showed a insufficient level of physical fitness of students (G-1 and G-2). The results indicate a significant (P<0.01) advantage of students (G-2) in physical profile. Conclusions: Russian male students have more total physical activity than male students from African countries, Turkey, Iran, and Ukraine, but have a significantly low total physical activity level than students from some European countries. The total physical activity volume of Russian university male students is slightly less than the recommended by experts (6000 minutes per week or more). The volume of validated physical activity in sports and fitness of Russian students is about 39 minutes per day. The level of physical fitness of Russian male students does not fully comply with the Functional fitness assessment tests targets. A large proportion of sports and fitness physical activity has a significant impact on the results of functional fitness tests. Data on favorite types of physical activity of Russian male students show a preference for young men to physically dominate their peers. Health preservation and health care are not the main aim of students.

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Author Biographies

Aleksander Yu. Osipov, Siberian Federal University
ale44132272@yandex.ru; 79 Svobodny pr., Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russia.
Vladimir Potop, Ecological University of Bucharest
vladimir_potop@yahoo.com;  Bucharest, Romania.
Roman S. Nagovitsyn, Glazov State Pedagogical Institute
gto18@mail.ru; Pervomaiskaya Street, 25, Glazov, 427620, Russia
Elena A. Zemba, Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology
zembaelena@rambler.ru; Krasnoyarsky Rabochy Av. 31, Krasnoyarsk, 660014, Russia
Aleksander P. Knyazev, Udmurt State University
legkatlet@mail.ru; Universitetskaya St. 1, Izhevsk, 426034, Russia.
Irina I. Orlova, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University named after professor V.F. Voyno-Yasenetsky
matiz270@mail.ru; P. Zeleznyak, 1, Krasnoyarsk, 660022, Russia
Tatyana I. Ratmanskaya, Siberian Federal University
tanyabaulina@rambler.ru; 79 Svobodny pr., Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russia.
Sergii S. Iermakov, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
sportart@gmail.com; Kazimierza Górskiego 1, 80-336 Gdańsk, Poland.

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Published
2020-02-04
How to Cite
1.
Osipov A, Potop V, Nagovitsyn R, Zemba E, Knyazev A, Orlova I, Ratmanskaya T, Iermakov S. Indicators of physical activity and fitness of male students at Russian universities. Physical education of students. 2020;24(1):40-6. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2020.0105
Section
Articles

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