Impact of maximal power training with and without plyometric on speed endurance and upper body power of team handball players

Keywords: team handball, maximal power training, plyometrics, speed endurance, upper body power

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The aim of this research is to investigate the impact of maximal power training with and without plyometrics on speed endurance and upper body power of team handball players. Material and Methods. Sixty college level men team handball players were randomly selected from Coimbatore district as subjects. Their age ranged between 18 and 25 years. The selected subjects were divided into three equal groups consisting of twenty each. No attempt was made to equate the groups. Experimental group I (n = 20) underwent maximal power training with plyometrics (MPTWP), Experimental group II (n = 20) underwent maximal power training without plyometrics (MPTWOP) for a period of 12 weeks and group III (n = 20) acted as control group (CG), the subjects in control group were not engaged in any training programme other than their regular work. Data obtained were evaluated in SPSS package. Results. The F value revealed that the speed endurance and upper body power were significantly improved due to the influence of maximal power training with plyometrics. Conclusions. As a result, 12 weeks of maximal power training with plyometrics can be said to increase the speed endurance and upper body power of team handball players.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 180 | PDF Downloads: 139 |

Author Biographies

Balaji Ethiraj, C.B.M College
balajiethirajcbe@gmail.com; Director of Physical Education, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.  
Murugavel Kamatchi, Bharathiar University
melato_muruga@yahoo.co.in; Professor & Head, Department of Physical Education; Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

References

1. Evans WJ, Campbell WW. Sarcopenia and age-related changes in body composition and functional capacity. Journal of Nutrition, 123(2 Suppl): 1993.465- 468.
https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/123.suppl_2.465

2. Metter EJ, ConwitR, Tobin J, Fozard JL. Age associated loss of power and strength in the upper extremities in women and m en. Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences:1997.52(5): B267- 76.
https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/52A.5.B267

3. Skeleton, DA, Greig CA, Davis JM, Young A. Strength, Power and related functional ability of healthy people aged 65-89 years. Age and Aging. 1994. 23(5):371- 7.
https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/23.5.371

4. Hakkinen K, Pakarinen A, Muscle strength and serum testosterone, cortisol and SHBG concentrations in middle aged and elderly men and women. Acta Physiologica Scandinavia, 1993.148(2): 199- 207.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1993.tb09549.x

5. Young WB. Training for speed/strength: Heavy versus light loads. National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal. 1993.15(5): 34- 42.
https://doi.org/10.1519/0744-0049(1993)015<0034:TFSSHV>2.3.CO;2

6. Voight ML, Wieder DL.Comparative reflex response times of astus medialis obliques and vastus lateralis in normal subjects and subjects with extensor mechanism dysfunction. An electromyographic study. American journal of sports medicine, 1991.19:131– 37.
https://doi.org/10.1177/036354659101900207

7. Newton RU, Kraemer WJ. Developing explosive muscle power; implications for a mixed methods training strategy Strength Cond J; 1994.16: 20- 31.
https://doi.org/10.1519/1073-6840(1994)016<0020:DEMPIF>2.3.CO;2

8. Wilson GJ, Newton RU, Murphy AJ. The optimal training load for the development of dynamic athletic performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc; 1993 .25 (11): 1279- 1286.
https://doi.org/10.1249/00005768-199311000-00013

9. Kaneko M, Fuchimoto T, Toji H, Suei K. Training Effects Of Differeing Loads On The Force-Velocity Relationship And Mechanical Power Output In HumanMuscle. Scandinavian Journal Of Sport Science, 1983.5(2): 50-55.

10. Pedemonte J. A new approach in selecting proper loads for power development. NSCA Journal. 1983.7(6):47- 48.
https://doi.org/10.1519/0744-0049(1983)005<0047:ANAISP>2.3.CO;2

11. Wilson Greg J. Strength and Power in Sport, Applied Anatomy and Biomechanics in Sport, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Carlton, Australia, 1994:110-208.

12. Wilson GJ, Murphy AJ, Giorgi A. Weight and plyometric training: Effects oneccentric and concentric force production. Can. J. Appl. Physiol. 1996. 2 1 (4):30 1- 315.
https://doi.org/10.1139/h96-026

13. Tudor. O Bompa.Periodization Training for Sports, Human Kinetics, 1999.
14. Wathen D, Position statement: explosive/plyometric exercises. NSCA J; 1993.15 (3): 16- 9.
https://doi.org/10.1519/0744-0049(1993)015<0016:EPE>2.3.CO;2

15. Holcomb WR, Lander JE, Rutland RM, Wilson GD. A biomechanical analysis of the vertical jump and three modified plyometric depth jumps. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research; 1996.10, 83- 88.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-199605000-00004

16. Chimera NJ, Swanik KA, Swanik C. Effects of plyometric training on muscle-activation strategies and performance in female athletes. J Athl Train; 2004.39 (1): 24-31.

17. Lehnert M, Lamrova I, Elfmark M. Changes in speed and strength in female volleyballplayers during and after a plyometric training program. Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis Gymnica. 2009. 39(1):59-66.

18. Miller MG, Berry DC, Bullard S, Gilders R. Comparisons of land-based and aquatic-based plyometric programs during an 8-week training period. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation;2002.11(4) : 268- 283.
https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.11.4.268

19. Upton D E. The effect of assisted and resisted sprint training on acceleration and velocity in division IA female soccer athletes. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 2011. 25(10), 2645- 2652.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318201be16

20. Benton D. An analysis of sprint running patterns in Australian rules football: The effect of different starting velocities on the velocity profile. Honor Thesis, University of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia;2000.

21. Cronin JB, Hansen KT. Strength and power predictors sports speed, The Journal of strength and conditioning research,2005.19(2), 349- 357.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200505000-00019

22. West DJ, Cunningham DJ, Bracken RM, Bevan HR, Crewther BT, Cook CJ, Kilduff, LP. Effects of resisted sprint training on acceleration in professional rugby union players. Journal of strength and conditioning research.2013.27(4), 1014- 1018.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182606cff

23. Cuesta G, Balonmano .(Team handball). Madrid: Spanish Handball Federation;1991.

24. Yilmaz A, Kabadayi M, Mayda M, Birinci M, Özdal M. The effects of isokinetic knee strength on the promptness of soccer players. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 2017; 3(11):
114-123.https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1011100

25. Zatsiorsky VM. Science and Practice of Strength Training. Champaign, Ill: Human Kinetics; 1995.

26. Lyttle AD, Wilson G, Ostrowski KJ. Enhancing performance: maximal power versus combined weights and plyometrics training. Journal of strength and conditioning research; 1996.10 (3):173- 9.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-199608000-00008

27. Young WB, Pryor JF, Wilson GJ. Effect of instructions on characteristics of countermovement and drop jump performance. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 1995;9(4):232– 236.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-199511000-00005

28. Young W. Sprint bounding and the sprint bound index. Natl Str Cond Assoc J. 1992;14(4):18– 21.
https://doi.org/10.1519/0744-0049(1992)014<0018:SBATSB>2.3.CO;2

29. El-Ebeedi, NM, Fathi MS, Abdallah DA. The impact of ballistic training on some physical and ability variables of handball players. The Second International Scientific Conference. Faculty of Physical Education for Boys, Zagazeg University; 2007: 223 (In Arabic).
Published
2020-04-30
How to Cite
1.
Ethiraj B, Kamatchi M. Impact of maximal power training with and without plyometric on speed endurance and upper body power of team handball players. Physical education of students. 2020;24(2):71-9. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2020.0201
Section
Articles