A study on the determination of handgrip strength of Olympic style weightlifting athletes

Keywords: olympic style weightlifting, handgrip strength, dynamometry, anthropometric characteristics

Abstract

Background and Study Aim: Handgrip strength is widely accepted as a functionality parameter to assess upper extremity performance. The measurement of hand grip strength by dynamometry is a low cost, non-invasive method of simple applicability. The present study is based on the association of dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength with demographic and anthropometric characteristics; height, body weight, body mass index, upper arm length, forearm length, hand length, forearm circumference, upper arm circumference. Material and Methods: The study included 70 male athletes in olympic style weightlifting (age: 18.06±2.18, height:1.74±.06 m, body weight: 76.09±13.04 kg). A total of 70 sedentary individuals as a control group (age 18.11±.18, height:1.75±.04 m, body weight: 74.01±13.94 kg) were also taken to compare study findings. The data obtained was analyzed by SPPS for Windows, version 25. Handgrip strength measurements were obtained by a Jamar dynamometer, according to the recommendations of the American Association of Hand Therapists. Results: It was found that the values of dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength, upper arm circumference and forearm circumference length of the weightlifting athletes were higher than those of sedentary individuals (p<.001). No asymmetry was observed in dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength values of the athletes and sedentary individuals. The correlations were noted between dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength values of weightlifting athletes and demographic characteristics, some anthropometric characteristics of upper extremity and weightlifting performance. Conclusion: The variability of handgrip strength might largely be explained by some anthropometric characteristics of upper extremity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 7 | PDF Downloads: 9 |

Author Biographies

Kenan Erdağı, Necmettin Erbakan University
kenanerdal@hotmail.com; Faculty of Education, Necmettin Erbakan University; Konya, 42090, Turkey.
Osman Tüfekçi, Private Farabi Hospital
uzdrosman@gmail.com; Private Farabi Hospital, Konya, Turkey.
Mustafa Yeşeri, Private Farabi Hospital
mustafayeseri42@gmail.com; Private Farabi Hospital, Konya, Turkey.
Mehmet F. Yüksel, Necmettin Erbakan University
yukselmehmetfatih@gmail.com; Faculty of Education, Necmettin Erbakan University; Konya 42090, Turkey.
Nimet Turgut, Selcuk University
nturgut@selcuk.edu.tr; Selcuk University, Veterinary Faculty, Anatomy Department, Konya, Turkey
Burak E. Eroğlu, Youth and Sports Provincial Directorate
burakertugruleroglu@gmail.com; Youth and Sports Provincial Directorate, Konya, Turkey

References

1. Koley S, Yadav MK. An association of hand grip strength with some anthropometric variables in Indian cricket players. Phys Educ Sport, 2009; 7: 113–123.

2. Bassey EJ. Measurement of muscle strength and power. Muscle Nerve, 1997; 5: 44–46.
https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4598(1997)5+<44::AID-MUS11>3.0.CO;2-Z

3. Nicolay CW, Walker AL. Grip strength and endurance: influences of anthropometric variation, hand dominance, and gender. Inter J Ind Ergon, 2005; 35: 605–618.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ergon.2005.01.007

4. Schlüssel M M, Dos Anjos LA, De Vasconcellos MTL, Kac G. Reference values of handgrip dynamometry of healthy adults: A population-based study. Clinical Nutrition, 2008; 27(4): 601–607.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2008.04.004

5. Fry AC, Cıroslan D, Fry MD, Leroux CD, Schıllıng BK, Chıu LZ. Anthropometric and performance variables discriminating elite American junior men weightlifters. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2006; 20(4): 861–866.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200611000-00023

6. Visnapuu M, Jürimäe T. Handgrip strength and hand dimensions in young handball and basketball players. J Strength Cond Res, 2007; 21(3): 923- 929.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200708000-00045

7. Bassey EJ, Harries UJ. Normal values in hand grip strength in 920 men and women aged over 65 years, and longitudinal changes over 4 years in 620 survivors. Clin. Sci, 1993; 84: 331–337.
https://doi.org/10.1042/cs0840331

8. Kallman DA, Plato CC, Tobin JD. The role of muscle strength loss in the age-related decline in grip strength: cross-sectional and longitudinal perspectives. J. Gerontol, 1990; 45(3): 82–88.
https://doi.org/10.1093/geronj/45.3.m82

9. Mathiowetz V, Kashman N, Volland G, Weber K, Dowe M, Rogers S. Grip and pinch strength: Normative data for adults, Arch Phys Med Rehab, 1985; 66: 69–72.

10. Chatterjee S, Chowdhuri BJ. Comparıson of grip strength and isometric endurance between the right and left hands of men and their relationship with age and other physical Parameters. J. Human Ergol, 1991; 20: 41–50.

11. Balogun JA, Akinloye AA, Adenlola SA. Grip strength as a function of age, height, body weight and Quetelet index. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 1991; 7(2): 111–119.
https://doi.org/10.3109/09593989109106961

12. Hammed AI, Obaseki CO. Interdependence of body mass index with handgrip strength and endurance among apparently healthy teenagers. Turkish Journal of Kinesiology, 2018; 4(1): 1–7.

13. Anakwe RE, Huntley JS, Mceachan JE. Grip strength and forearm circumference in a healthy population. Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume), 2007; 32(2): 203–209.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsb.2006.11.003

14. Fallahi A, Jadidian A. The effect of hand dimensions, hand shape and some anthropometric characteristics on handgrip strength in male grip athletes and non athletes. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2011; 29(1): 151–159.
https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-011-0049-2

15. Koley S, Yadav M, Sandhu J. Estimation of hand grip strength and its association withsome anthropometric traits in cricketers of Amritsar, Punjab, India. The internet journal of biological anthropology, 2009; 3(1): 7.

16. Zorba E, Ziyagil MA. Body composition and measurement methods, Gen Matbaacılık, 1995; 44(68): 227–235. (in Turkish)

17. Pheasant S. Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of Work. 2nd ed. London: Taylor and Francis; 1996.

18. Otman SA, Demirel H, Sade A. Tedavi Hareketlerinde Temel Değerlendirme Prensipleri [Fundamental Assessment Principles in Treatment Movements]. Ankara, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Fizik Tedavi ve Rehabilitasyon Yayınları [Ankara, Hacettepe University, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitaion Publications]. 1998. (in Turkish).

19. Fess EE. Grip Strength. In: J.S. Casanova (ed.), Clinical assessment recommendations. Chicago: American Society of Hand Therapists, 1992. P. 41–45.

20. Gojanovic B, Waeber B, Gremion G, Liaudet L, Feihl F. Bilateral symmetry of radial pulse in high-level tennis players: implications for the validity of central aortic pulse wave analysis. Journal of Hypertension, 2009; 27(8):1617–1623.
https://doi.org/10.1097/hjh.0b013e32832bffc0

21. Grant S, Hynes V, Whittaker A, Aitchison T. Anthropometric, strength, endurance and flexibility characteristics of elite and recreational climbers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1996; 14(4): 301–309.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640419608727715

22. Franchini E, Takito1 MY, Kiss MAPDM, Sterkowicz S. Physical fıtness and anthropometrical differences between elite and non-elite judo players. Biology of Sport, 2005; 22(4): 315–318.

23. Sarıtaş N, Hayta Ü, Kaya M. Examination of some physical and physiological findings of male judoka and weightlifters in ındividual sports. Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 2018; 3(4): 200–211.

24. Akkuş H. The relationships between anthropometric characteristics, biomotor abilities, physiological characteristics and success in elite weightlifters [dissertation]. 1994.

25. Singla D, Hussain ME. Association between handgrip strength and back strength in adolescent and adult cricket players. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 2018; 0(0).
https://doi.org/10.1515/ijamh-2017-0177

26. Gerodimos V. Reliability of handgrip strength test in basketball players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2012; 31(1): 25–36.
https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-012-0003-y

27. Li K, Hewson DJ, Duchêne J, Hogrel JY. Predicting maximal grip strength using hand circumference. Manual Therapy, 2010; 15(6): 579–585.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.math.2010.06.010

28. Margonato V, Roi GS, Cerizza C, Galdabino GL. Maximal isometric force and muscle cross‐sectional area of the forearm in fencers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1994; 12(6): 567–572.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02640419408732207

29. Yıldırım İ, Baş O, Kabadayı M, Taşmektepligil MY, Ocak Y, Karagöz Ş. Examination of the correlation of hand grip strength with upper extremity physical charactercistics in the male players of handball super league. Mustafa Kemal university journal of physical education and sport sciences, 2010; 1(1): 9–15.

30. Lopes J, Grams ST, Silva EF, De Medeiros LA, De Brito CMM, Yamaguti WP. Reference equations for handgrip strength: Normative values in young adult and middle-aged subjects. Clinical Nutrition, 2018; 37(3), 914–918.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2017.03.018

31. Aydos L, Pepe H, Karakuş H. The research of relative force evaluations in some team and individual sports. Gazi Üniversitesi Kırşehir Eğitim Fakültesi, 2004; 5(2): 307–314.

32. Erdağı K, Yargıç MP, Kürklü GP, Aydın L. Accuracy of pinch force sense in elite female adolescent weightlifters. Turkish Journal of Sports Medicine, 2019; 55(x):i vii;2020.
https://doi.org/10.5152/tjsm.2020.165
Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Erdağı K, Tüfekçi O, Yeşeri M, Yüksel M, Turgut N, Eroğlu B. A study on the determination of handgrip strength of Olympic style weightlifting athletes. Physical education of students. 2020;24(3):141-8. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2020.0303
Section
Articles