A study on the determination of handgrip strength of Olympic style weightlifting athletes

Keywords: olympic style weightlifting, handgrip strength, dynamometry, anthropometric characteristics


Background and Study Aim: Handgrip strength is widely accepted as a functionality parameter to assess upper extremity performance. The measurement of hand grip strength by dynamometry is a low cost, non-invasive method of simple applicability. The present study is based on the association of dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength with demographic and anthropometric characteristics; height, body weight, body mass index, upper arm length, forearm length, hand length, forearm circumference, upper arm circumference. Material and Methods: The study included 70 male athletes in olympic style weightlifting (age: 18.06±2.18, height:1.74±.06 m, body weight: 76.09±13.04 kg). A total of 70 sedentary individuals as a control group (age 18.11±.18, height:1.75±.04 m, body weight: 74.01±13.94 kg) were also taken to compare study findings. The data obtained was analyzed by SPPS for Windows, version 25. Handgrip strength measurements were obtained by a Jamar dynamometer, according to the recommendations of the American Association of Hand Therapists. Results: It was found that the values of dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength, upper arm circumference and forearm circumference length of the weightlifting athletes were higher than those of sedentary individuals (p<.001). No asymmetry was observed in dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength values of the athletes and sedentary individuals. The correlations were noted between dominant and non-dominant handgrip strength values of weightlifting athletes and demographic characteristics, some anthropometric characteristics of upper extremity and weightlifting performance. Conclusion: The variability of handgrip strength might largely be explained by some anthropometric characteristics of upper extremity.


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Author Biographies

Kenan Erdağı, Necmettin Erbakan University
kenanerdal@hotmail.com; Faculty of Education, Necmettin Erbakan University; Konya, 42090, Turkey.
Osman Tüfekçi, Private Farabi Hospital
uzdrosman@gmail.com; Private Farabi Hospital, Konya, Turkey.
Mustafa Yeşeri, Private Farabi Hospital
mustafayeseri42@gmail.com; Private Farabi Hospital, Konya, Turkey.
Mehmet F. Yüksel, Necmettin Erbakan University
yukselmehmetfatih@gmail.com; Faculty of Education, Necmettin Erbakan University; Konya 42090, Turkey.
Nimet Turgut, Selcuk University
nturgut@selcuk.edu.tr; Selcuk University, Veterinary Faculty, Anatomy Department, Konya, Turkey
Burak E. Eroğlu, Youth and Sports Provincial Directorate
burakertugruleroglu@gmail.com; Youth and Sports Provincial Directorate, Konya, Turkey


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How to Cite
Erdağı K, Tüfekçi O, Yeşeri M, Yüksel M, Turgut N, Eroğlu B. A study on the determination of handgrip strength of Olympic style weightlifting athletes. Physical Education of Students. 2020;24(3):141-8. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2020.0303