Analysis on the effects of folk dance training on players’ spatial expectation levels

Keywords: Turkish folk dances, spatial perception, brixton test, visual-spatial perception, physical activity

Abstract

Background and Study Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects on spatial perception and spatial anticipation levels the effects of control and study groups with 16 week training folk dancing training. Material and Methods: 120 voluntary college students with no folk dancing background, 60 of which is female has participated in the study. The study group had folk dancing training of 16-week whereas control group has not done any training. Brixton Spatial Expectations test was administered to control groups at the first, eighth and sixteenth weeks of the training. Validation of which has previously been done "Prospects Brixton Spatial Test" has been used in the study. A statistical analysis of the data obtained was done with available statistical software (IBM SPSS Statistics 19, SPSS inc., An IBM Co., Somers, NY) and the significance level was taken as 0.05 and 0.01. Similar results were obtained between experimental and control groups in this study. Results: There were not significant differences between groups in terms of measurement time as well as in gender. As a result: Short-term training of folk dancing seems to have no impact on the level of spatial perception. Conclusions: To have a significant effect, a long-term folk dance training is required. In addition, level of spatial perception on folk dance training has no significant difference in terms of gender.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 161 | PDF Downloads: 233 |

Author Biographies

M. Kaya, Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University
efe588@hotmail.com; Tokat, Turkey
A. Yilmaz, Erciyes University
yilmaz@erciyes.edu.tr; Kayseri, Turkey

References

1. Ekmekcioğlu İ, Bekar C, Kaplan M. Turkish Folk Dances. İstanbul: Esin Press; 2001.

2. Gerek Z. Comparison of Physical Fitness of Folk Dances and Sport Educated University Students By EUROFIT [Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation]. Ankara: Gazi University Institute of Health Sciences; 2007.

3. Ünveren A. The Effects of Regular Folk Dance Studies on Selected Physical and Physiological Parameters of University Students [Master Thesis]. Elazığ: Fırat University, Institute of Health Sciences; 1997.

4. Pınar S, Atılgan O E, Tavlacıoğlu L. Evaluation of Gender-Related Differences in Demonstrating Equilibrium Skill in Adult Dancers. 9th International Congress on Sport Sciences, Book of Proceedings, Muğla University. 2006. P.296-298.

5. Koçkar MT. Dance and Folk Dances. Ankara: Bağırgan Press; 1998.

6. Brown S, Parsons LM. The Neuroscience of Dance. Scientific American, 2008;299:78–83.
https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0708-78

7. Kurt M. Cognitive Functions of Right Hemisphere: Visual-Spatial Processes, Cognitive Neuroscience Chapter 8, Ankara: Medical and Nobel Medical Bookstore; 2010.

8. Karakaş S, İrkeç C, Yüksel N. Brain and Neuropsychology Basic Clinical Sciences, Ankara: Çizgi Press; 2003.

9. Kurt M. Components of Visual-Spatial Capabilities. 38th National Psychiatry Congress, 22 - 27 October 2002, Marmaris; 2002. P. 100-116.

10. Gohier B, Ferracci L, Surguladze SA, Lawrence E, El Hage W, Kefi MZ, et al. Cognitive inhibition and working memory in unipolar depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 2009;116:100–105
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2008.10.028

11. Bayliss DM, Roodenrys S. Executive Processing and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: An Application of the Supervisory Attentional System. Developmental Neuropsychology, 2000; 17(2): 161-180.
https://doi.org/10.1207/S15326942DN1702_02

12. Bielak AAM, Mansueti L, Strauss E, Dixon RA. Performance on the Hayling and Brixton Tests in Older Adults: Norms and Correlates. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 2006; 2: 141-149.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acn.2005.08.006

13. Ünveren A. Determination of Physical Activity Level of Turkish Folk Dances. [Ph.D. Thesis]. Gazi University Institute of Health Sciences; 2005.

14. Daniel Memmert, Daniel J. Simons B. Thorsten Grimm, The Relationship Between Visual Attention And Expertise in Sports. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2009; 10: 146-156.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2008.06.002

15. Jansen P, Lehmann J. Mental Rotation performance in Soccer Players And Gymnasts in an Object-Based Mental Rotation Task. Advances Cognıtıve Psychology, 2013; 9 (2): 92-98.
https://doi.org/10.5709/acp-0135-8

16. Ozel S, Larue J, Molinaro C. Relation Between Sport and Spatial Imagery: Comparison of Three Groups of Participants. The Journal of Psychology, 2004;138:49–64.
https://doi.org/10.3200/JRLP.138.1.49-64

17. Solmon J, Hall C, Haslam I. The Use of İmagery By Soccer Players. Joumal of Applied Sport Psychology. 1994; 6 (1): 116-133.
https://doi.org/10.1080/10413209408406469

18. Yıldız B, The Effects of Three-Dimensional Virtual Environment and Concrete Use on Spatial Visualization and Mental Rotation Skills [Master Thesis]. Ankara: Hacettepe University, Institute of Science and Technology; 2009.

19. Okagaki LR, Frensch PA. Effects of Video Game Playing on Measures of Spatial Performance: Gender Effects in Late Adolescents. In: P. Greenfield & R. Cocking (Eds.), Interacting With Norwood, NJ: Ablex Corporation Vide; 1996. P.115-140.

20. Kaufman SB. Sex Differences in Mental Rotation And Spatial Visualisation Ability: Can They be Accounted For by Differences in Working Memory Capacity? Intelligence, 2006; 35: 211-223.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2006.07.009.

21. Nemeth B, Hoffman M. Gender Differences in Spatial Visualisation Among Engineering Students. Annales Mathematicae et Informaticae, 2006; 33: 169-174.

22. Subrahmanyan K, Greenfield PM. Effects of Video Game Practice on Spatial Skills in Girls And Boys. In P. Greenfield R. Cocking (Eds.) Interacting With Video Norwood, NJ: Ablex Corporation; 1996. P. 94 -114.

23. Hromatko I, Butkovic A. Sensation Seeking And Spatial Ability in Athletes: an Evolutionary Account. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2009; 21: 21-13.
https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-09-0001-x

24. Linn MC, Petersen AC. Emergence and Characterization of Sex Differences in Spatial Ability: A Meta-Analysis. Child Development 1985;56:1479.
https://doi.org/10.2307/1130467
Published
2019-10-26
How to Cite
1.
Kaya M, Yilmaz A. Analysis on the effects of folk dance training on players’ spatial expectation levels. Physical education of students. 2019;23(5):249-55. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2019.0506
Section
Articles