The relationship between attitude towards sports and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence in university students of sport science

  • Ç.V. Koçak Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sport Education, Hitit University
Keywords: Multiple intelligence, attitude, sport, athlete, university students, physical education, sport science


Purpose : Studies on the relationship between university students' attitudes towards sports and bodily kinesthetic intelligence have not been reached in the literature. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the attitudes towards sport and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence levels of university students who studying in the sport science. Material : The study group is consisted 268 [n=107 - female, n=161 - male] students. The mean of the age of participants was 21.4 year [± 3.2]. Data was collected by personal information form, Undergraduate Students’ Attitudes Towards Sport Scale and the subscale of Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence of Multiple Intelligence Survey. SPSS 22 program was used in the analysis of the obtained data and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was applied to determine whether the data showed normal distribution and the significance level was accepted as 0.05 in the analyses. Data were not normally distributed. Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the data of gender and regularly exercise variable. Kruskal-Wallis test was used to analyze the age, university, department, and welfare level. Mann Whitney U test was used to determine the significant difference. Spearman Correlation test was applied to determine the relationship between the attitudes towards sport and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence. Results : As a result of the research, a high level of significant correlation was found between attitudes towards sports and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence. Also, a significant difference was found between regularly exercise and welfare levels [p<0.05]. There was no significant difference in gender, age, university and department variables [p>0.05]. Conclusions : The level of participating in sports and the level of welfare supports the attitude towards sports and the developing of bodily-kinesthetic intelligence. Likewise, as the attitude towards sports increases positively, bodily kinesthetic intelligence also increases positively.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 27 | PDF Downloads: 19 |

Author Biography

Ç.V. Koçak, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sport Education, Hitit University; Kuzey Kampüsü, Çevreyolu Bulvarı, 19100, Çorum, Turkey


1. Latchanna G, Dagnew A. Attitude of teachers towards the use of active learning methods. E-journal of All India Association for Educational Research, [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2019 Apr 02]; 21(1). Available from:

2. Kalkan A. The effect of personal attitude subjective norm and perceived behavioral control on entrepreneurial intention: an application on university students. Journal of Süleyman Demirel University Institute of Social Science, [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2019 Apr 02]; 13: 189-206. Available from:

3. Liñán F, Chen YW. Development and cross cultural application of a specific instrument to measure entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 2009; 33(3): 593-617.

4. Morgan CT. Psikolojiye Giriş [Introduction to Psychology]. Ankara: Turkey, H.Ü. Psychology Publishing; 1989. (In Turkish)

5. İmamoğlu AF. Some observations on Turkish sports towards two thousand years. Gazi Üniversity Gazi Journal of Gazi Educational Faculty, 1992; 8(1): 9-19.

6. Armstrong N, Welsman JR, Kirby BJ. Peak oxygen uptake and maturation in 12-yr olds. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 1998; 30(1): 165-169.

7. Yetim A. Social aspects of sport. Gazi Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 2000; 5(1): 63-72.

8. Ateş M. Democracy and sport education. Dokuz Eylül University, Buca Faculty of Education Journal, [Internet]. 1992 [cited 2019 Apr 02]; 1(33). Available from:

9. Gardner HE. Intelligence reframed: Multiple intelligences for the 21st century. London: UK, Hachette; 2000.

10. Armstrong T. The multiple intelligences of reading and writing: Making the words come alive. Ascd. E-book. 2003.

11. Armstrong T. Multiple Intelligences: Seven Ways to Approach Curriculum. Educational Leadership, 1994; 52(3): 26-28.

12. Armstrong T. Multiple intelligences in the classroom. Ascd. E-book; 2009.

13. Moran S, Kornhaber M, Gardner H. Orchestrating multiple intelligences. Kaleidoscope: Contemporary and classic readings in education, [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2019 Apr 02]; 188-192. Available from:

14. Zobisch P, Platine D, Swanson A. The theory of multiple intelligences and critical thinking. GLOKALde, 2015; 1: 2-10.

15. Aminuddin H, Tajularipin S, Roselan B. Philosophical approach in Applying Multiple Intelligence in Teaching and Learning as Viewed by Malaysian School Teachers. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2011; 2 (16): 205-210.

16. Temiz N, Kiraz E. The implications of multiple intelligences theory on literacy education at first grade. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research [EJER], [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2019 Apr 02]; 27. Available from:

17. Campbell B. Multiple intelligences in action. Childhood Education, 1992; 68(4), 197-201.

18. Baba Kaya H, Karakaş G, Gizdem S. Examining the relationship between physical/kinesthetic intelligence and academic successes of physical education and sport students. CBU Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 2015; 10(1): 66-74.

19. Tavşancıl E, Keser H. Development of likert type attitude scale towards internet. Ankara University Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 2001; 34(1): 45-60.

20. Keskin N, Öncü E, Küçük KS. Attitudes and self-efficacy of middle school students toward physical education classes. Spormetre the Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 2016; 14(1): 93-107.

21. Akandere M, Özyalvaç NT, Duman S. The attitudes of the students in secondary education to physical education lesson and the investigation of their success motivations [konya anatolian high school sample]. Selçuk University, Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 2010; 24: 1-10.

22. Koçak F. Undergraduate students’s attitudes towards sport: A Scale development study. SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 2014; 12(1): 59-69.

23. Türkmen M, Abdurahimoğlu Y, Varol S, Gökdağ M. The attitudes of the students attending to faculty of islamic sciences towards sports [The sample of Bartın University]. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Studies [IntJCES], 2016; 2(1): 48-59.

24. Aslan CS, Dalkiran O, Özer U. Investigation of athletes’ multiple intelligence domains doing cyclic and acyclic sports: a pilot study. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Studies [IntJCES], 2015; 1(1): 26-33.

25. Kahraman Dİ, Bavlı Ö. Investigation the multiple intelligence areas of university students who study in different departments. International Journal of New Trends in Arts, Sports & Science Education [IJTASE], 2014; 3(3): 65-71.

26. Fraenkel JR, Wallen NE. How to design and evaluate research in education. New York: USA, Mc Grawall Hill; 2006.

27. Cohen LM, Manion L. Research Methods in Education. New York: USA, Routledge; 1998.

28. Büyüköztürk Ş, Çakmak EK., Akgün ÖE, Karadeniz Ş, Demirel, F. Scientific research methods. Pegem Atıf İndeksi, 2017; 1-360.

29. Koçak F. The relationship between leisure constraints, constraint negotiation strategies and facilitators with recreational sport activity participation of college students. College Student Journal, 2017a; 51(4): 491-497.

30. Koçak F. Leisure constraints and facilitators: Perspectives from Turkey. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 2017b; 3(10): 32-47.

31. Babacan T, Dilci T. Adaptation of multiple intelligence survey in to Turkish. NWSA-Education Sciences, 2012; 7(3): 969-982.

32. Tomik R, Olex-Zarychta D, Mynarski W. Social values of sport participation and their significance for youth attitudes towards physical education and sport. Studies in Physical Culture and Tourism, 2012; 19(2): 99-104.

33. Singh RC, Devi KS. Attitude of higher secondary level student towards games and sports. International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports, 2013; 2(4): 80-85.
How to Cite
Koçak Ç.V. The relationship between attitude towards sports and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence in university students of sport science. Physical education of students. 2019;23(3):147-54.