Effects of plyometric and pull training on performance and selected strength characteristics of junior male weightlifter

Keywords: Weightlifting derivatives, Olympic Weightlifting, Clean and Jerk, Snatch and Clean variations


Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of plyometric and pull training added an Olympic weightlifting training program (twice a week for 8 wk) on performance and selected strength characteristics in junior male weightlifter. Material: The participants [n = 34; age: 16.03 ± 0.9 y; mass: 74.78 ± 14.86 kg; height: 170.53 ± 6.81 cm] were randomized into a pull (n = 11), a plyometric (n = 12), and a control (n= 11) groups. The groups trained 6 days a week during the 8-week study period. The pull group performed four pull exercises and the plyometric group performed four plyometric exercises added to Olympic weightlifting program for 2 days a week, and the control group performed an Olympic weightlifting program alone. Analysis of variance and Magnitude-based inferences used to determine whether a significant difference existed among groups on snatch clean and jerk total (SCT), squat (SQ), back strength (BS), countermovement jump (CMJ), 30 sec. repeated jump height (RJH) and peak barbell velocity (PV). Results: The ANOVA showed a time × group interaction for SCT, BS and RJH. The MBI indicated positive changes for SCT in control group, for BS in pull group and for RJH in plyometric group. The results for the PV decrease in plyometric and pull group indicated no significant time × group interaction, but there was a significant main effects. ASK "Inserisci l'aim" \* MERGEFORMAT ASK \* MERGEFORMAT Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the addition of pull or plyometric training to an Olympic weightlifting program interfered with weightlifting performances.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 43 | PDF Downloads: 19 |

Author Biographies

İ. İnce, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Sports Sciences, University of Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University
izzetince43@gmail.com; 06020, Ankara, Turkey
A. Şentürk, High School of Physical Education and Sports, University of Dumlupınar
asenturk55@yahoo.com; 43050, Kütahya, Turkey


1. Stojanovic E, Ristic V, McMaster DT, Milanovic Z. Effect of Plyometric Training on Vertical Jump Performance in Female Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine. 2017;47(5):975-986.

2. Saez-Saez de Villarreal E, Requena B, Newton RU. Does plyometric training improve strength performance? A meta-analysis. J Sci Med Sport. 2010;13(5):513-22.

3. Arabatzi F, Kellis E, De Villarreal ES-S. Vertical jump biomechanics after plyometric, weight lifting, and combined (weight lifting+ plyometric) training. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2010;24(9):2440-8.

4. Chaouachi A, Hammami R, Kaabi S, Chamari K, Drinkwater EJ, Behm DG. Olympic weightlifting and plyometric training with children provides similar or greater performance improvements than traditional resistance training. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(6):1483-96.

5. Suchomel TJ, Comfort P, Stone MH. Weightlifting pulling derivatives: rationale for implementation and application. Sports Med. 2015;45(6):823-39.

6. Garcia-Ramos A, Ulloa-Diaz D, Barboza-Gonzalez P, Rodriguez-Perea A, Martinez-Garcia D, Quidel-Catrilelbun M, et al. Assessment of the load-velocity profile in the free-weight prone bench pull exercise through different velocity variables and regression models. Plos One. 2019;14(2).

7. Suchomel TJ, DeWeese BH, Beckham GK, Serrano AJ, French SM. The hang high pull: A progressive exercise into weightlifting derivatives. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2014;36(6):79-83.

8. Suchomel TJ, Sole CJ. Force-Time-Curve Comparison Between Weight-Lifting Derivatives. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2017;12(4):431-9.

9. Suchomel TJ, Lake JP, Comfort P. Load Absorption Force-Time Characteristics Following the Second Pull of Weightlifting Derivatives. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2017;31(6):1644-52.

10. İnce İ. Effects of Split Style Olympic Weightlifting Training on Leg Stiffness Vertical Jump Change of Direction and Sprint in Collegiate Volleyball Players. Universal Journal of Educational Research. 2019;7 24-31.

11. Hornsby WG, Gentles JA, MacDonald CJ, Mizuguchi S, Ramsey MW, Stone MH. Maximum Strength, Rate of Force Development, Jump Height, and Peak Power Alterations in Weightlifters across Five Months of Training. Sports. 2017;5(4):78.

12. González-Badillo JJ, Izquierdo M, Gorostiaga EM. Moderate Volume of High Relative Training Intensity Produces Greater Strength Gains Compared With Low and High Volumes in Competitive Weightlifters. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2006;20:73.

13. Kipp K, Harris C, Sabick MB. Correlations Between Internal and External Power Outputs During Weightlifting Exercise. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2013;27:1025–30.

14. Szabo ASJSS, Aspects P. Some questions of biomechanical character in weightlifting. 2012;9(1).

15. Garhammer J, Takano B. Training for weightlifting. Strength and power in sport. 1992;11:357-69.

16. Tricoli V, Lamas L, Carnevale R, Ugrinowitsch CJTJoS, Research C. Short-term effects on lower-body functional power development: weightlifting vs. vertical jump training programs. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2005;19(2):433-7.

17. Chu DA, Faigenbaum AD, Falkel JE. Progressive plyometrics for kids: Healthy Learning Monterey. CA; 2006.

18. Hopkins WG, Marshall SW, Batterham AM, Hanin J. Progressive Statistics for Studies in Sports Medicine and Exercise Science: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2009;41:3–13.

19. Rhea MR. Determining the magnitude of treatment effects in strength training research through the use of the effect size. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2004;18:918-20.

20. Sands WA, Mcneal JR, Ochi MT, Urbanek TL, Jemni M, Stone MH. Comparison of the Wingate and Bosco anaerobic tests. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2004;18(4):810-5.

21. Markovic G. Does plyometric training improve vertical jump height? A meta-analytical review. British journal of sports medicine. 2007;41(6):349-55.

22. de Villarreal ES-S, Kellis E, Kraemer WJ, Izquierdo M. Determining variables of plyometric training for improving vertical jump height performance: a meta-analysis. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2009;23(2):495-506.

23. Gourgoulis V, Aggeloussis N, Kalivas V, Antoniou P, Mavromatis G. Snatch lift kinematics and bar energetics in male adolescent and adult weightlifters. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2004;44(2):126.

24. Kipp K, Meinerz C. A biomechanical comparison of successful and unsuccessful power clean attempts. Sports Biomechanics. 2017;16(2):272-282.

25. Stone MH, O'bryant HS, Williams FE, Johnson RL, Pierce KC. Analysis of Bar Paths During the Snatch in Elite Male Weightlifters. Strength & Conditioning Journal. 1998;20(4):30-8.

26. Lee S, DeRosia KD, Lamie LM. Evaluating the contribution of lower extremity kinetics to whole body power output during the power snatch. Sports Biomechanics. 2018;17(4):13.

27. Ford J, Riemann BL, LeFavi RG. Predictors of Meet Performance in Masters Weightlifters. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2018;50(5):441-441.

28. Enoka RM. The pull in olympic weightlifting. Med Sci Sports. 1979;11(2):131-7.

29. Ho LK, Lorenzen C, Wilson CJ, Saunders JE, Williams MD. Reviewing current knowledge in snatch performance and technique: the need for future directions in applied research. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(2):574-86.

30. Felici F, Rosponi A, Sbriccoli P, Filligoi GC, Fattorini L, Marchetti M. Linear and non-linear analysis of surface electromyograms in weightlifters. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2001;84(4):337-42.

31. Canavan PK, Garrett GE, Armstrong LE. Kinematic and kinetic relationships between an Olympic-style lift and the vertical jump. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 1996;10:127-30.

32. Stastny P, Golas A, Blazek D, Maszczyk A, Wilk M, Pietraszewski P, et al. A systematic review of surface electromyography analyses of the bench press movement task. Plos One. 2017;12(2).

33. Kipp K, Giordanelli M, Geiser C. Predicting net joint moments during a weightlifting exercise with a neural network model. Journal of Biomechanics. 2018;74:225-229.

34. Milanese C, Cavedon V, Corte S, Agostini T. The effects of two different correction strategies on the snatch technique in weightlifting. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2017;35(5):476-483.

35. Hackett D, Davies T, Soomro N, Halaki M. Olympic weightlifting training improves vertical jump height in sportspeople: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2016;50(14):865-72.

36. Nuzzo JL, Mcbride JM, Cormie P, Mccaulley GO. Relationship between countermovement jump performance and multijoint isometric and dynamic tests of strength. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2008;22(3):699-707.

37. Häkkinen K, Komi PV, Alén M, Kauhanen H. EMG, muscle fibre and force production characteristics during a 1 year training period in elite weight-lifters. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology. 1987;56(4):419-27.

38. Helland C, Hole E, Iversen E, Olsson MC, Seynnes O, Solberg PA, et al. Training Strategies to Improve Muscle Power: Is Olympic-style Weightlifting Relevant? Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017;49(4):736-45.
How to Cite
İnce İ., Şentürk A. Effects of plyometric and pull training on performance and selected strength characteristics of junior male weightlifter. Physical education of students. 2019;23(3):120-8. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2019.0303