The effect of 8 week resistance exercise on some anthropometric measurements and body composition to Sedentary Women

Keywords: Sedentary Women, weight, BMI, fat and obesity

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of resistance exercise program applied to eight weeks on some anthropometric measurements and body composition in sedentary women. Material: Fifteen volunteer women with a mean age of 20.67 ± 1.29 years were included in the study. After asking the participants whether there are any health problems before the exercise program, detailed information was given and the exercises were implemented correctly and efficiently. Participants were given a 45-minute resistance exercise for 3 days a week. In order to compare the data obtained (Wilcoxon Test) was applied to compare descriptive statistics with pre- and post-exercise values via using SPSS 22.0. Before and after the exercise program (Weight, Hip circumference, calf circumference, chest circumference, waist circumference, shoulder circumference and BMI) were measured Results: According to the findings of the study, it was determined that there was a significant difference between the anthropometric measurement and body composition values of the exercise program applied before and after the exercise program of the participating women (p> 0.05) Conclusions: In conclusion, the effects of regularly performed exercises, especially aerobic and resistance exercises done for women, on persons are seen in the literature and research essays. Deterioration in the body composition of women is seen depending on age and excessive weight.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 500 | PDF Downloads: 301 |

Author Biographies

M. Turğut, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Sakarya University of Applied Sciences
minetrgt@gmail.com; Esentepe Campus Serdivan Sakarya, 54050. Turkey
S. Bağir, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Sakarya University of Applied Sciences
sbagirova@sakarya.edu.tr; Esentepe Campus Serdivan Sakarya, 54050. Turkey
M. Sarikaya, Physical Education and Sports High School, Van Yüzüncü Yıl University
mücahit.sarikaya@hotmail.com; Van, Turkey
Ü. Tinaz, Physical Education and Sports High School; Bartın University
ummuhantinaz@hotmail.com; Bartın, 74100. Turkey

References

1. Şimşek D, Katırcı H. Pilates egzersizlerinin postural stabilite and spor performansı üzerine etkileri: sistematik bir literatür incelemesi [The effects of Pilates exercises on postural stability and sport performance: a systematical literature evaluation]. Physical Education and Sport Science Magazine, 20115; 2: 58-70. (In Turkish)

2. Janssen J, Fortier A, Husson R, Ross R. Effects of an energy–restrictive dietor with out exercise on abdominal fat, intermuscular fat, and metabolic risk factors in obese women. Diabetes Care, 2002;25:431-438.
https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.25.3.431

3. Stubbs RJ, Sepp A, Hughes DA, Johnstone AM, King N. et. al. The effect of graded levels of
exercise on energy intake and balance in free-living women. International Journal of Obesity, 2002;26: 866-869.
https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0801874

4. Çolakoğlu FF. 8 Haftalık koş yürü egzersizinin sedanter orta yaşlı obez bayanlarda fizyolojik, motorik and somatotip değerleri üzerine etkisi [The effect of 8 week run-walk exercise on physiological, motoric and somatotype values for sedentary, medium aged obese women]. Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 2003; 23(3): 25-30. (In Turkish)

5. Çetin A. Geriatride Yaşam Kalitesi ve Rehabilitasyon [Quality of life and rehabilitation in geriatrics]. In: Gökçe Kutsal Y, ed. Geriatri. 2002. P. 218-221. (In Turkish)

6. Chu DA. Explosive Power and Strength: Complex Training for Maximum Results. Human Kinetics, Champaign; 1996.

7. Zorba E. Kadın ve Spor. [Women and Sports] [internet]. 2010. [cited 2019 Jan 22]. Available from: www.erdalzorba.com/5_Kadin-ve-Egzersiz.html (In Turkish)

8. Martin AD, Ward R. Body Composition, Measurement in Pediatric Exercise Science. First edition, Human Kinetics; 1996.

9. Ağaoğlu SA. Analysis of various physiological characteristics of physical education and sport department students at METU. [Master thesis]. Ankara: METU; 1989. (In Turkish)

10. Yabancı N. The effect of physical activity level and nutrition situation on the bone mineral intensity and body composition in adolescents. [Master thesis]. Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi; 1999. (In Turkish)

11. Zorba E. Fiziksel Uygunluk [Physical fitness]. 2nd edition, Ankara: Gazi Kitapevi; 2001. (In Turkish)

12. Akın G, Tekdemir İ, Gültekin T, Erol E, Bektaş Y. Antropometri ve Spor [Anthropometry and Sports]. Ankara: Alter Yayıncılık; 2013. (In Turkish)

13. Koz M. Presentation called as: The relationship with body composition and sportive performance [internet]. 2012. [cited 2018 Nov 10]. Available from: http://80.251.40.59/sports.ankara.edu.tr/koz/egz-fizII/vucut.kompz.egz.pdf (In Turkish)

14. Özer K. Fiziksel Uygunluk [Physical fitness]. 3rd edition, Ankara: Nobel yayınları; 2010. (In Turkish)

15. Tamer K. Sporda Fiziksel-Fizyolojik Performansın Ölçülmesi ve Değerlendirilmesi [Measuring and assessing the physical-physiological performance in sports]. Ankara: Bağırgan Yayınevi; 2000. (In Turkish)

16. Arslan E, Kelle M, Baylan Y, Diken H, Atmaca M, Tümer C, Obay B, Şermet A. Sporcularda plazma lipid düzeylerinin kendi aralarında ve kontrollerle karşılaştırılması [Comparison of plasma lipid level for athletes between themselves and controls]. Dicle Tıp Dergisi [Journal of Medical School], 2001;28(1): 23-34. (In Turkish)

17. Cordero A, Masia MD, Galve E. Physical Exercise and Health. Revista Espanola de Cardiologia, 2014; 67(9): 748-753.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2014.04.007

18. Erbas Ü. Orta Yas Obez Bayanlara Yönelik Kalistenik Egzersizlerin Fiziksel and Fizyolojik Etkileri [Physical and physiological effects of callisthenic exercises for middle aged, obese women]. Ankara; 2007. (In Turkish)

19. Rogers K, Gibson AL. Eight-Week Traditional Mat Pilates Training Program Effects on Adult Fitness Characteristics. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2009; 80(3): 569-74.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2009.10599595

20. Lafortuna CL, Resnik M, Galvani C. Effects of nonspecific vs individualized exercise training protocols on aerobic anaerobic and strength performance in severely obese subjects during a short term body mass reduction program. J Endocrinal Invest, 2003;26:197-205.
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03345157
Published
2019-04-20
How to Cite
1.
Turğut M, Bağir S, Sarikaya M, Tinaz Ü. The effect of 8 week resistance exercise on some anthropometric measurements and body composition to Sedentary Women. Physical education of students. 2019;23(2):93-7. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2019.0207
Section
Articles