Comparison of three different methods of active and inactive recovery and also sport massage on Aspartate Aminotransferase and aldolase enzyme activations and some hematological blood features in female runners




aspartate aminotransferase, aldolase enzyme, recovery, sport massage


Background: Recognizing the periods of rapid recovery and quick return of the body to the normal condition is of particular importance and has been of much interest to the instructors and athletes. The aim of this paper was the comparison of three different of active and inactivate recovery and also sport massage on Aspartate Aminotransferase and Aldolase enzyme activations and some hematological blood features in female runners. Material: The present study was applied research & carried out in a semi-experimental manner. This paper’s Statistical population includes female semi-professional runners in Tehran & sampling is done randomly. First, they informed people and asked who were interested to participate in this study. The participants past some basic levels and finally 30 participants (age 18-24 years) semi profession female student runner have been chosen as the sample of this study by their consent randomly. The researchers divided them randomly in 3 groups as active recovery runners, inactive sport massage recovery group and inactive seated group that included 10 participants in each. The importance of this study has been tested by one-way analysis. Results: The results showed that there is not a meaningful relation among 3 recovery methods for changing Aspartate Aminotransferase and Aldolase enzyme, blood Iron and Red blood cell. But there is a meaningful relation among inactive, soft and massage recovery in changing of White blood cell, Hematocrit and Hemoglobin. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the recovery of the primary state through activity compared to the passive state of the effects It's better. According to the results of this study, it seems considering the effect of recycling on the recovery process in athletes, all three types of recycling methods can be used after the athletics competition & it is recommended that coaches and athletes use these methods more quickly for early onset.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

M. Rahmani Ghobadi, Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Damavand Branch, Islamic Azad University; Moalem Square, Islamic Azad University, Damavand, Tehran Province, Iran

S.A. Hoseini, Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University; Marvdasht, Iran

G. Hasanpour, Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University; Marvdasht, Iran


1. Arazi H, Asghari E, Mohammad SM, Akbar M. Comparison of the effects of three types of recycling (active / inactive and sports athletic gymnastics) on the 800 and 1500-meter record of university semesters runners). Sport Physiology & Management Investigations, 2013;10: 49-58.

2. Sarabandi M, Rezaei Z. The Study of the Relationship between Sport Perfectionism and Achievement Motivation with Sport Success: A Case Study Kabaddi Athletes. Sport Psychology Studies, 2017;6(19): 57-68.

3. Benjamin PJ, Lamp SP (ed). Understanding sports massage. Champaign (IL): Human Kinetics; 2005.

4. Malekzadeh S, Kazemi A, Khodai K. Effect of different types of recovery on some physiologic and psychological factors after intensive training in active male students. Journal of Sport in Biomotor Sciences, 2013;7(1): 42-51.

5. Caruso JF, Coday MA. The combined acute effect of massage, rest periods, and body part elevation on resistance exercise performance. J Strength Cond Res, 2008;22(2): 575- 82.

6. Stein K. Recovery modalities: An update on the science. Professional baseball athletic trainer’s society; 2017.

7. Forghani M, Aliabadi SR, Firozmandi A. The effect of contrast temperature water therapy on blood lactic acid clearance of male students of Mazandaran university of science and technology after exhausting activity. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 2015;4(2): 51-8.

8. Sharma L, Hussain ME, Verma S. Effect of recovery modalities on blood lactate clearance. Saudi Journal of Sports Medicine, 2017;17(2): 65-6.

9. Tabrizi A, Ravasi A, Gaeini A, Gholipour M. The Comparison of the Effects of Active and Passive Recovery on Immune System Indexes after a Graded Exhaustive Exercise in College Athletes. Journal of Sport Biosciences, 2010;2(5): 5-17.

10. Arefinia M, Ghasemi B, Arefinia S, Moradi M. The Effect of Three Methods of Aromatherapy, Massage and Aromatherapy–Massage on Muscular Pain Rate of Female Athletes in Isfahan (Iran). Journal of Sport Medicine, 2013;5(1): 55-68.

11. Galaz GA. An Overview on the history of sports nutrition beverages. In: Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance. Academic Press. 2019. P. 231-237

12. Mohseni Moghadam F, Shidi-Zandi B, khodadadi-Zadeh A, Sharifzadeh Yazdi Z. Comparison of Hemoglobin A1c Levels in Healthy Patients and Non Diabetic Iron Deficiency Anemia(IDA) Patients Before and after Intervention in Rafsanjan. JSSU, 2009;16(4): 33-40.

13. Nazarali P, Sarvari S, Ramezankhani A. The Effect of Maximal Endurance Training on Hemorheological Factors of National Athletes of Triathlon. Journal of Sport Biosciences, 2013;4(15): 63-75.

14. Fojt E, Ekelund LG, Hultman E. Enzyme activities in hepatic venous blood under strenuous physical exercise. Pflügers Archiv, 1976; 361(3): 287- 96.

15. Mena P, Maynar M, Campillo JE. Changes in plasma enzyme activities in professional racing cyclists. British journal of sports medicine, 1996;30(2): 122-24.

16. Lawlor DA, Sattar N, Smith GD, Ebrahim S. The associations of physical activity and adiposity with alanine aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyltransferase. American journal of epidemiology, 2005; 161(11):1081-88.

17. Best TM, Hunter R, Wilcox A, Haq F. Effectiveness of sports massage for recovery of skeletal muscle from strenuous exercise. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 2008; 18(5): 446-460.

18. Debnath M, Chatterjee S, Sarkar S, Dey SK. Effect of training on muscle cell damage indices and cortisol level in female players of different sports discipline. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 2019; 8(1): 24-34.

19. Gupta S, Goswami A, Sadhukhan AK, Mathur DN. Comparative study of lactate removal in short term massage of extremities, active recovery and a passive recovery period after supramaximal exercise sessions. International journal of sports medicine, 1996; 17(2): 106-10.

20. Crane JD, Ogborn DI, Cupido C, Melov S, Hubbard A, Bourgeois JM, Tarnopolsky MA. Massage therapy attenuates inflammatory signaling after exercise-induced muscle damage. Science translational medicine, 2012; 4(119): 13-14.

21. Chaudry IH, Bland KI. Cellular mechanisms of injury after major trauma. British Journal of Surgery: Incorporating European Journal of Surgery and Swiss Surgery, 2009; 96(10): 1097-98.

22. Ramezanpour MR, Rashid Malmir A, Hesari M. Comparison of the effect of three methods of return to the initial state (mild swimming, sitting and massage) on heart rate and blood lactate in adult swimmers. exercise and bioscience. Journal of Sport and Environmental Sciences Motor, 2011; 2(4): 37-46. (In Persian)

23. Kellmann M. Enhancing recovery: Preventing underperformance in athletes. Human Kinetics; 2002.
24. Hemminge B, Smith M, Graydon J, Dyson R. Effects of massage on physiological restoration, perceived recovery, and repeated sports performance. Journal of Sports Medicine, 2000; 34: 109-115.

25. Kraemer WJ, Looney DP. Underlying mechanisms and physiology of muscular power. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 2012; 34(6): 13-9.

26. Mancinelli CA, Davis DS, Aboulhosn L, Brady M, Eisenhofer J, Foutty S. The effects of massage on delayed onset muscle soreness and physical performance in female collegiate athletes. Phys. Ther. Sport, 2006; 7: 5-13.

27. Khodaei K. The effect of four active, inactive, massage and combination regimens after intensive exercise on anaerobic function, blood lactate levels, fatigue perception, empathy, and perception of work pressure of physical education students. Quarterly Journal of Student Science, Sports, Development, 2015; 1(2): 7-22.

28. Nobahar M, Mirdar S. The effects of progressive exercise training on some of muscle damage enzymes in active girls. Metabolism and Exercise, 2012; 2(1): 1-12.

29. Monedero J, Donne B. Effect of recovery interventions on lactate removal and subsequent performance. International journal of sports medicine, 2000; 21(8): 593-97.




How to Cite

Rahmani Ghobadi M, Hoseini S, Hasanpour G. Comparison of three different methods of active and inactive recovery and also sport massage on Aspartate Aminotransferase and aldolase enzyme activations and some hematological blood features in female runners. Physical Education of Students. 2019;23(2):82-8.

Abstract views: 746 / PDF downloads: 500