Analysis of the physical development and somatotype of girls and females involved into dancing and gymnastic sports

Keywords: physical development, somatotype, bioimpedance method, acrobatic rock and roll, aerobics


Purpose: the comparative analysis of the physical development and somatotype of girls and females involved in dancing and gymnastic sports (acrobatic rock and roll, sports aerobics) Material: The study involved 45 girls and females. Group 1 - acrobatic rock and roll (n = 25, age - 13.00 ± 0.41 years); Group 2 - sports aerobics (n = 20, age - 19.70 ± 0.59 years). It was determined the length and body weight. It was evaluated the level and harmony of physical development. The bioimpedance method was applied to determine the composition of muscle and fat tissue, the level of visceral fat. It was evaluated the body mass index, water composition in the body. The results are evaluated by applying parametric and non-parametric statistical indicators. Results: the average level of physical development dominates in athletes. Its specific gravity is: group 1 - (64.00 ± 9.60)%; group 2 - (50 ± 11.18)%. Rather high prevalence of the level below the average: group 1 - (20.00 ± 8.00)%; group 2 - (25.00 ± 9.68)%. The proportion of athletes with harmonious development was: group 1 - (64.00 ± 9.60)%; group 2 - (50.00 ± 11.18)%. The disharmony of physical development due to overweight: group 1 - (20.00 ± 8.00)%; group 2 - (30.00 ± 10.25)%. The disharmony of development due to underweight: group 1 - (16.00 ± 7.33)%; group 2 - (20.00 ± 8.94)%. The average values of fat tissue reflect its normal composition in both groups. In group 1, was determined the normal for the age fat composition in (52.00 ± 9.99)%; low level of fat had (48.00 ± 9.99)%. In group 2, the normal fat composition was found in (75.00 ± 9.68)%. The increased fat composition was (15.00 ± 7.98)% of female athletes. The reduced fat composition was (10.00 ± 7.61)% of female athletes. The level of visceral fat in athletes of group 2 was within the age norm. Female athletes of group 1 were characterized by virtually no visceral fat. The specific gravity of muscle tissue in all athletes was above the average for this age group. Group water composition in both groups was average. Conclusions: Most athletes have an average harmonious physical development. Deviations of physical development are most often associated with underweight. It is determined the increase in the composition of muscle mass above the average age standards for all female athletes. The composition of fat tissue in 52% of female athletes of the younger group corresponded to the average value. The rest of the athletes had a fat composition below normal. In the older group: 75% of athletes had an average fat composition; 15% of athletes had a reduced fat composition; 10% of athletes had a high fat composition. It was determined the significant differences between groups. The female athletes of group 1 had smaller values of body length, body weight, the specific gravity of fat tissue and visceral fat, body water composition, and body mass index. Females of group 1 had a big specific gravity of muscle tissue. The application of the bioimpedance method has significantly expanded the data obtained in the analysis of anthropometric indicators and indices. This method can be recommended for monitoring the functional condition of athletes dancing and gymnastic sports.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 562 | PDF Downloads: 333 |

Author Biographies

L.V. Podrigalo, Kharkov State Academy of Physical Culture; Klochkovskaya str. 99, Kharkov, 61022, Ukraine
H.P. Artemieva, Kharkov State Academy of Physical Culture; Klochkovskaya str. 99, Kharkov, 61022, Ukraine
O.A. Rovnaya, Kharkov State Academy of Physical Culture; Klochkovskaya str. 99, Kharkov, 61022, Ukraine
A.D. Panshyna, Kharkov State Academy of Physical Culture; Klochkovskaya str. 99, Kharkov, 61022, Ukraine
L.A. Ruban, Kharkov State Academy of Physical Culture; Klochkovskaya str. 99, Kharkov, 61022, Ukraine
T.V. Merkulova, V. N. Karazin Kharkov National University; 4 Svobody Sq., Kharkov, 61022, Ukraine
M.M. Galashko, Kharkov National Medical University; Nauki av., 4, Kharkov, 61022, Ukraine
O.V. Chernukha, Department of Social Sciences, Kharkov National Medical University; Nauki av., 4, Kharkov, 61022, Ukraine


1. Volodchenko OA, Podrigalo LV, Iermakov SS, Żychowska MT, Jagiełło W. The Usefulness of Performing Biochemical Tests in the Saliva of Kickboxing Athletes in the Dynamic of Training. BioMed Research International, 2019;2019:1–7.

2. Korobeynikov G, Korobeinikova L, Mytskan B, Chernozub A, Cynarski WJ. Information processing and emotional response in elite athletes. Ido Movement for Culture Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 2017:41–50.

3. Podrigalo L, Cynarski WJ, Rovnaya O, Volodchenko O, Halashko O, Volodchenko J. Studying of physical development features of elite athletes of combat sports by means of special indexes. Ido Movement for Culture Journal of Martial Arts Anthropology, 2019:51–57.

4. Dopsaj M, Markovic M, Kasum G, Jovanovic S, Koropanovski N, Vukovic M, et al. Discrimination of Different Body Structure Indexes of Elite Athletes in Combat Sports Measured by Multi Frequency Bioimpedance Method. International Journal of Morphology, 2017;35:199–207.

5. Castizo-Olier J, Irurtia A, Jemni M, Carrasco-Marginet M, Fernández-García R, Rodríguez FA. Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) in sport and exercise: Systematic review and future perspectives. Plos One, 2018;13:e0197957.

6. Kalnina L, Sauka M, Timpka T, Dahlström Ö, Nylander E, Selga G, et al. Body fat in children and adolescents participating in organized sports: Descriptive epidemiological study of 6048 Latvian athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 2015;43:615–22.

7. Santos DA, Silva AM, Matias CN, Magalhães JP, Minderico CS, Thomas DM, et al. Utility of novel body indices in predicting fat mass in elite athletes. Nutrition, 2015;31:948–54.

8. Carvalho AS, Fernandes AP, Gallego AB, Vaz JA, Vega MS. The relation of sports with sleep quality and anthropometric measures at secondary schools. Journal of Sport and Health Research. 2019; 11(1): 91-106.

9. Nykanen T, Pihlainen K, Santtila M et al. Diet Macronutrient Composition, Physical Activity, and Body Composition in Soldiers During 6 Months Deployment. Military Мedicine. 2019; 184(3-4): E231-E237.

10. Ramos-Jimenez A, Hernandez-Torres RP, Murguia-Romero M. Anthropometric equations for calculating body fat in young adults. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion. 2018; 68(2): 111-121.

11. Koury JC, Ribeiro MA, Massarani FA, Vieira F, Marini E. Fat-free mass in adolescent athletes: Accuracy of bioimpedance equations and identification of new predictive equations. Nutrition, 2019;60:59– 65.

12. Alvero Cruz JR, Ronconi M, García Romero JC, Carrillo de Albornoz Gil M, Jíménez López M, Correas Gómez L, et al. Cambios de la composición corporal tras un periodo de desentrenamiento deportivo. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 2017;34:632.

13. Mascherini G. Differences between the sexes in athletes body composition and lower limb bioimpedance values. Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal, 2017;7:573.

14. Meleleo D, Bartolomeo N, Cassano L, Nitti A, Susca G, Mastrototaro G, et al. Evaluation of body composition with bioimpedence. A comparison between athletic and non-athletic children. European Journal of Sport Science, 2017;17:710–9.

15. Mala L, Maly T, Zahalka F e.a. Changes in body composition due to weight reduction by elite youth judo athletes in short period pre-competition. Archives of Budo Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports. 2016; 12: 197-203.

16. Chernozub A, Imas Y, Korobeynikov G, et al. The influence of dance and power fitness loads on the body morphometric parameters and peculiarities of adaptive-compensatory reactions of organism of young women. Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2018; 18(2), 955-960.

17. International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment, ISAK; 2001.

18. Serdiuk AM. Standards for assessing the physical development of schoolchildren, Kiev: Tale; 2010. (in Ukrainian)

19. Tegako LI, Marfina OV. Practical anthropology. Rostov on Don: Phoenix; 2003. (in Russian)

20. Pol'ka NS, Platonova AG, Iackovs'ka NIa. Screening-assessment of the physical development of children aged 6-17 by the Ketley index. Informacionnoe pis'mo, 2012; 60: 1-10. (in Russian)

21. Platonova AG, Iackovs'ka NIa, Pashins'ka SL. Quantitative and qualitative determination of water content in the organism of children 6-17 years. Informacionnoe pis'mo, 2012; 157: 1-10. (in Russian)

22. Podrigalo L, Iermakov S, Romanenko V, Rovnaya O, Tropin Y, Goloha V, Halashko O. Psychophysiological features of athletes practicing different styles of martial arts - the comparative analysis. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 2019;8(1):84-91.

23. Romanenko V, Podrigalo L, Iermakov S, Rovnaya O, Tolstoplet E, Tropin Y, et al. Functional state of martial arts athletes during implementation process of controlled activity - comparative analysis. Physical Activity Review, 2018;6:87–93.

24. Rovnaya OA, Podrigalo LV, Aghyppo OY, Cieślicka M, Stankiewicz B. Study of Functional Potentials of Different Portsmanship Level Synchronous Swimming Sportswomen under Impact of Hypoxia. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences. 2016; 7(4):1210-1219.

25. Durkalec-Michalski K, Podgorski T, Sokolowski M. Relationship between body composition indicators and physical capacity of the combat sports athletes. Archives of Budo. 2016;12: 247-256.

26. Reguli Z, Bernacikova M, Kumstat M. Anthropometric Characteristics and Body Composition in Aikido Practitioners. International Journal of Morphology. 2016; 34(2): 417-423.

27. Girsh YV, Gerasimchik OA. The role and place of bioimpedance analysis assessment of body composition of children and adolescents with different body mass. Byulleten Sibirskoy Meditsiny. 2018; 17(2): 121-132.

28. Gutiérrez R, Aldea L, Cavia MDM, Alonso-Torre SR. Relation between the body composition and the sports practice in teenager. Nutr Hosp, 2015;32:336–45.

29. da Silva Morais TM, Mendes Silva Santos VR, de Sousa Sa, OM. Nutritional diagnosis of Piaui men's judo team. RBNE-Revista Brasileira de Nutricao Esportiva. 2017; 11(66): 682-688.

30. Delaney JA, Thornton HR, Scott TJ, Ballard DA, Duthie GM, Wood LG, et al. Validity of Skinfold-Based Measures for Tracking Changes in Body Composition in Professional Rugby League Players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2016;11:261–6.

31. Carrasco-Marginet M, Castizo-Olier J, Rodríguez-Zamora L, Iglesias X, Rodríguez FA, Chaverri D, et al. Bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) for measuring the hydration status in young elite synchronized swimmers. Plos One, 2017;12:e0178819.

32. Nascimento-Carvalho B do, Mayta MAC, Izaias JE, Doro MR, Scapini K, Caperuto E, et al. Cardiac sympathetic modulation increase after weight loss in combat sports athletes. Revista Brasileira de Medicina Do Esporte, 2018;24:413–7.

33. Salazar Martinez JL, Jimenez TJO. Evaluation of maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) and percentage of fat in young footballers. Viref-Revista de Educacion Fisica. 2018; 7(1): 50-86.
How to Cite
Podrigalo L, Artemieva H, Rovnaya O, Panshyna A, Ruban L, Merkulova T, Galashko M, Chernukha O. Analysis of the physical development and somatotype of girls and females involved into dancing and gymnastic sports. Physical education of students. 2019;23(2):75-1.