Acute effects of pre-workout supplement on aerobic and anaerobic performance in basketball players

Keywords: basketball, aerobic performance, anaerobic performance, pre-workout, acute effect


Background and aim of the study : In recent years, the use of ergogenic aid has become widespread in order to improve performance among the athletes and to achieve success more easily. Pre-workout nutritional supplements that attract the attention of many athletes as a legal ergogenic aid are used by both aerobic and anaerobic branch athletes. The aim of this study is to examine the acute effect of the pre-workout supplement on aerobic and anaerobic performance in basketball players. Material and Method: Twenty male college basketball players who have played regularly at least for 5 years participated in the study voluntarily (mean ± SD 22.00 ± 1.70 years, height 1.83 ± 0.07 cm, weight 85.15 ± 10.78 kg, BMI 25.32 ± 3.10). Double-blind placebo-controlled, cross-over method was used for the collection of data. The players were divided into two groups as placebo (PL, n= 10) and pre-workout (PRW, n= 10). Placebo and pre-workout groups were replaced 48 hours after the initial measurements and the same tests were repeated. The pre-workout group was given 17 gr (Bigjoy Predator) in 200 mg of additive-free juice 1 hour before the test, only 200 mg of additive free juice was given to the placebo group. Countermovement Jump (CMJ) and Running-Based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST) were used to measure the anaerobic performance of the athletes, and Yoyo Intermittent Recovery Test 1(Yo-Yo IRL1) was used to measure aerobic capacities. Results: A significant difference was found concerning the Countermovement Jump (CMJ) test results (p= 0, 004), Relative peak power (p= 0.001) and Relative average power (p= 0.012) values obtained from RAST test data. There was no significant difference in fatigue index (p = 0.79) and VO2 max (p= 0.492) values. Conclusion: While pre-workout supplementation has an acute effect on anaerobic power data, it has been observed that there is no acute effect on the data obtained from fatigue index and aerobic endurance test.


Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 36 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

O. Çetin, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Sakarya University of Applied Sciences; Esentepe Campus Serdivan Sakarya, 54050, Turkey
M.N. Yaşar, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Sakarya University of Applied Sciences; Esentepe Campus Serdivan Sakarya, 54050, Turkey
B. Demirtaş, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Sakarya University of Applied Sciences; Esentepe Campus Serdivan Sakarya, 54050, Turkey
M. Beyleroğlu, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Sakarya University of Applied Sciences; Esentepe Campus Serdivan Sakarya, 54050, Turkey
S. Eker, Ministry of Health Sakarya University Education and Research Hospital; Adnan Menderes Ave. Sağlık St. No: 195 Adapazarı-Sakarya 54100. Turkey
A.C. Gürkan, Iğdır University, Physical Education and Sports High School; Iğdır, Turkey


1. Ünal M. The Effects of Creatinee Supplementation on Athletes and Exercise Performance. Genel Tıp Derg. 2005;15(1):43–50.

2. Kreider RB, Wilborn CD, Taylor L, Campbell B, Almada AL, Collins R, et al. ISSN exercise & sport nutrition review: research & recommendations. J Int Soc Sport Nutr. 2010;7(7): 1–43.

3. Kerksick C, Harvey T, Stout J, Campbell B, Wilborn C, Kreider R, et al. International society of sports nutrition position stand: Nutrient timing. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2008;5(17):1–12.

4. Kürkçü, Recep; Can, Süleyman; Durukan E. Farklı Branşlardaki Üniversiteli Sporcuların Ergojenik Yardımcılar Konusundaki Bilgi ve Yararlanma Düzeylerinin Araştırılması [The investigation of the knowledge and the application levels universty athletes in different branches about ergogenic AİDS]. New World Sci Acad. 2009;4(3):198–209.

5. Cameron M, Camic CL, Doberstein S, Erickson JL, Jagim AR. The acute effects of a multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement on resting energy expenditure and exercise performance in recreationally active females. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2018;15: 1.

6. Gonzalez AM, Walsh AL, Ratamess NA, Kang J, Hoffman JR. Effect of a pre-workout energy supplement on acute multi-joint resistance exercise. J Sport Sci Med. 2011;10(2):261–6.

7. Bloomer RJ, Farney TM, Trepanowski JF, McCarthy CG, Canale RE, Schilling BK. Comparison of pre-workout nitric oxide stimulating dietary supplements on skeletal muscle oxygen saturation, blood nitrate/nitrite, lipid peroxidation, and upper body exercise performance in resistance trained men. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2010;7(16): 1–15.

8. Smith AE, Fukuda DH, Kendall KL, Stout JR. The effects of a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatinee, and amino acids during three weeks of high-intensity exercise on aerobic and anaerobic performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2010;7(10):1–11.

9. Martinez N, Campbell B, Franek M, Buchanan L, Colquhoun R. The effect of acute pre-workout supplementation on power and strength performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2016;13(1): 1–7.

10. Jagim AR, Jones MT, Wright GA, St. Antoine C, Kovacs A, Oliver JM. The acute effects of multi-ingredient pre-workout ingestion on strength performance, lower body power, and anaerobic capacity. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2016;13(1): 1–10.

11. Spradley BD, Crowley KR, Tai CY, Kendall KL, Fukuda DH, Esposito EN, et al. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatinee, and beta-alanine before exercise delays fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance. Nutr Metab, 2012;9(1): 28.

12. Outlaw JJ, Wilborn CD, Smith-Ryan AE, Hayward SE, Urbina SL, Taylor LW, et al. Acute effects of a commercially-available pre-workout supplement on markers of training: A double-blind study. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2014;11(1): 1–9.

13. Draper N, Whyte G. Anaerobic Performance Testing. 2012;2–4.

14. Gallardo-Fuentes, Francisco; Gallardo-Fuentes, Jorge; Ramírez-Campillo, Rodrigo; Balsalobre-Fernández, Carlos; Martínez, Cristian; Caniuqueo, Alexis; Cañas, Rodrigo; Banzer, Winfried; Loturco, Irineu; Nakamura, Fabio Y.; Izquierdo M. Intersession and Intrasession Reliabiliy and Validity of the My JumpApp for Measuring Different Jump Actions in Trained Male and Female Athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(7): 2049–56.

15. Balsalobre-Fernández C, Glaister M, Lockey RA. The validity and reliability of an iPhone app for measuring vertical jump performance. J Sports Sci, 2015;33(15): 1574–9.

16. Can İ, Han HCİ. Yoyo Aralıklı Toparlanma Testleri ve Sportif Performans Üzerine Genel Bir Değerlendirme [A general evaluation on athletic performance and yo-yo intermittent recovery tests]. Ankara Üniv Spor Bil Fak,. 2013;11(2):81–94.

17. Krustrup P, Mohr M, Amstrup T, Rysgaard T, Johansen J, Steensberg A, et al. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test: Physiological response, reliability, and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(4): 697–705.

18. Nudler E, Gottesman ME. Transcription termination and anti-termination in Escherichia coli. Genes to cells. 2002; 7: 755-68.

19. Kraemer WJ, Hatfield DL, Spiering BA, Vingren JL, Fragala MS, Ho JY, et al. Effects of a multi-nutrient supplement on exercise performance and hormonal responses to resistance exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2007;101(5): 637–46.

20. Dawes JJ, Campbell B, Ocker LB, Temple DR, Carter JG, Brooks KA. The Effects of a Pre-Workout Energy Drink on Measures of Physical Performance. Int J Phys Educ Fit Sport. 2014;3(4): 122–31.

21. Urbina S, Hayward S, Outlaw J, Holt J, Burks B, Cox B, et al. Performance and body composition effects of a pre-workout supplement and post-workout protein intake in trained crossfit individuals. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2013;10(Suppl 1): 28.

22. Smith A, Fukuda D, Kendall K, Graef J, Moon J, Stout J. The combined effects of a pre-workout supplement and three weeks of high-intensity interval training on critical velocity, anaerobic running capacity, training volume, and body composition in men and women. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 2009;6(Suppl 1):16.

Abstract views: 36
PDF Downloads: 55
How to Cite
Çetin, O., Yaşar, M., Demirtaş, B., Beyleroğlu, M., Eker, S., & Gürkan, A. (2018). Acute effects of pre-workout supplement on aerobic and anaerobic performance in basketball players. Physical Education of Students, 23(1), 16-22. Retrieved from