The effect of 8 weeks beta-alanine supplementation and resistance training on maximal-intensity exercise performance adaptations in young males

Keywords: Recovery, strength training, body composition, performance, alanine


Objectives : The aim of this study was to examine the effects of 8 weeks beta-alanine (BA) supplementation with resistance training on some components of physical fitness and body composition in young males. Methods : Twenty healthy young men volunteered to participate for the study and divided into two groups and performed 8-week resistance training while supplementing with either BA or placebo (4.8 g per day). The subjects were evaluated for 1 repetition maximum (1RM) bench press and leg press, vertical jump (VJ), anaerobic power (RAST) prior to and after training intervention. In addition, body composition variables such as percent body fat, and BMI were assessed per and post training period. Results : Both the groups showed significant increases in 1RM bench press and leg press, VJ, and anaerobic power (RAST), and also the BA supplementation group showed greater gains compared with the placebo. In addition, percent body fat decreased significantly in BA and placebo groups, while no statistically significant changes were seen in BMI for the BA supplementation group and placebo group. Conclusions : The results indicated that resistance training improved physical performance and BA supplementation induced greater gains and therefore it could be recommend to coaches and athletes who use this supplementation to greater gains in physical fitness variables.


Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 30 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

F. Askari, Department of Sport Sciences, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University; Rasht, Iran
F. Rahmaninia, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan; Rasht, Iran


1. Wilson JM, Wilson GJ, Zourdos MC, Smith AE, Stout JR. Beta-Alanine Supplementation Improves Aerobic and Anaerobic Indices of Performance. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 2010;32(1):71–8.

2. Artioli GG, Gualano B, Smith A, Stout J, Lancha AH. Role of B-Alanine Supplementation on Muscle Carnosine and Exericse Performance. Sports Medicine, 2012;75: 1162–1173.

3. Dutka TL, Lamb GD. Effect of Carnosine on Excitation–Contraction Coupling in Mechanically-Skinned Rat Skeletal Muscle. Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility. 2004;25(3): 203–213

4. Stout JR, Graves BS, Smith AE, Hartman MJ, Cramer JT, Beck TW, et al. The effect of beta-alanine supplementation on neuromuscular fatigue in elderly (55–92 Years): a double-blind randomized study. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 2008;5(1).

5. Hill CA, Harris RC, Kim HJ, Harris BD, Sale C, Boobis LH, et al. Influence of β-alanine supplementation on skeletal muscle carnosine concentrations and high intensity cycling capacity. Amino Acids. 2007;32(2): 225–233

6. Hoffman JR, Ratamess NA, Faigenbaum AD, Ross R, Kang J, Stout JR, et al. Short-duration β-alanine supplementation increases training volume and reduces subjective feelings of fatigue in college football players. Nutrition Research. 2008;28(1): 31–35.

7. Smith-Ryan AE, Fukuda DH, Stout JR, Kendall KL. High-Velocity Intermittent Running: Effects of Beta-alanine Supplementation. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2012;26(10): 2798–2805.

8. Baguet A, Koppo K, Pottier A, Derave W. β-Alanine supplementation reduces acidosis but not oxygen uptake response during high-intensity cycling exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2010;108(3): 495–503.

9. Hobson RM, Saunders B, Ball G, Harris RC, Sale C. Effects of β-alanine supplementation on exercise performance: a meta-analysis. Amino Acids. 2012;43(1): 25–37.

10. Kern BD, Robinson TL. Effects of β-Alanine Supplementation on Performance and Body Composition in Collegiate Wrestlers and Football Players: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2011;25(7): 1804–1815.

11. Harris RC, Tallon MJ, Dunnett M, Boobis L, Coakley J, Kim HJ, et al. The absorption of orally supplied β-alanine and its effect on muscle carnosine synthesis in human vastus lateralis. Amino Acids. 2006;30(3): 279–289.

12. Quesnele JJ, Laframboise MA, Wong JJ, Kim P, Wells GD. The Effects of Beta-Alanine Supplementation on Performance: A Systematic Review of the Literature. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 2014;24(1):14–27.

13. Van Thienen R, Van Proeyen K, Eynde BV, Puype J, Lefere T, Hespel P. β-Alanine Improves Sprint Performance in Endurance Cycling. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2009;41(4):898–903.

14. Spradley BD, Crowley KR, Tai CY, Kendall KL, Fukuda DH, Esposito EN, Moon JR. Ingesting a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, B-vitamins, amino acids, creatine, and beta-alanine before exercise delays fatigue while improving reaction time and muscular endurance. Nutr Metab (Lond) 2012;9:28.

15. Jackson AS, Pollock ML. Practical assessment of body composition. Physician and Sports Medicine. 1985; 13: 82-90.

16. Sweeney KM, Wright GA, Glenn Brice A, Doberstein ST. The Effect of β-Alanine Supplementation on Power Performance During Repeated Sprint Activity. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2010;24(1): 79–87.

17. Kraemer WJ, Fleck SJ. Designing resistance training. Human Kinetics; 2005.

18. Brzycki M. Strength testing-predicting a one-rep max from reps to-fatigue. Journal of Physical Education Recreation and Dance. 1993; 68:88-90.

19. Chung W, Shaw G, Anderson ME, Pyne DB, Saunders PU, Bishop DJ, et al. Effect of 10 Week Beta-Alanine Supplementation on Competition and Training Performance in Elite Swimmers. Nutrients. 2012;4(10): 1441–1453.

20. Hoffman JR, Emerson NS, Stout JR. β-Alanine Supplementation. Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2012;11(4): 189–195.

Abstract views: 30
PDF Downloads: 29
How to Cite
Askari, F., & Rahmaninia, F. (2018). The effect of 8 weeks beta-alanine supplementation and resistance training on maximal-intensity exercise performance adaptations in young males. Physical Education of Students, 23(1), 4-8. Retrieved from