Does the weight of basketball shoes affect speed and jumping performance?

  • B. Köse Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, School of Physical Education and Sport, Sirnak University http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5315-9195
Keywords: Basketball, basketball shoes, footwear, jump, sprint

Abstract

Purpose: The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of different weights of basketball shoes on speed and jumping performance in male basketball players. Methods: 20 male basketball players in two groups, as eyes open (n:10) and eyes closed (n:10) participated in the study. The two groups performed vertical jump (VJ) and 10m sprint tests with three different weights of shoes (light, 352g; medium, 510g; heavy, 637g). The data were analyzed with Friedman repeated measurements variance analysis. Results: In Vertical Jump test, jumping performance of the eyes open group (EOG) with light shoes was found to be statistically higher as 1.8% and 2.1%, respectively when compared with medium and heavy shoes (p< 0.001). In eyes closed group (ECG), no statistically significant difference was found between any of the 3 shoe weights in vertical jump performance (p>0.005). In 10 meter (m) sprint test, 10 m sprint time of the eyes open group was found to be statistically better as 0.5% and 1.6%, respectively when compared with medium and heavy shoe performance (p<0.001). Medium weight shoe was found to be 1.2% statistically better than heavy shoes (p<0.001). In eyes closed group, light shoes affected 10m sprint performance statistically better with 1% when compared with heavy shoes (p<0.001). Conclusions: Wearing light shoes in basketball has 2.1% and 1.6% positive effect on jumping and sprint performance, respectively. It can increase basketball players’ performance. Choosing light shoes will help provide both psychological and physical advantages.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 63 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biography

B. Köse, Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, School of Physical Education and Sport, Sirnak University
bereket.kose@hotmail.com; Mehmet Emin Acar Campus, 73000-Sirnak, Turkey

References

1. Abdelkrim NB, El Fazaa S, El Ati J. Time–motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2007;41(2):69- 75.
https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2006.032318

2. Abdelkrim NB, Castagna C, El Fazaa S, El Ati J. The effect of players' standard and tactical strategy on game demands in men's basketball. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2010;24(10): 2652- 2662.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e2e0a3

3. Nigg BM. Biomechanics of Sport Shoes. University of Calgary; 2010.

4. Mohr M, Trudeau MB, Nigg SR, Nigg BM. Increased Athletic Performance in Lighter Basketball Shoes: Shoe or Psychology Effect?. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2016;11(1): 74- 79.
https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2014-0538

5. Frederick EC, Daniels JR, Hayes JW. The effect of shoe weight on the aerobic demands of running. In: Bachl N, Prokop L, Suckert R. (Eds.) Current Topics in Sports Medicine, Proceedings of the World Congress of Sports Medicine. Vienna: Urban and Schwarzenberg; 1984. P. 616-625.

6. Franz JR, Wierzbinski CM, Kram R. Metabolic cost of running barefoot versus shod: is lighter better?. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2012;44(8):1519- 1525.
https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182514a88

7. Blache Y, Beguin A, Monteil K. Effects of various parameters of basketball shoes on vertical jumping performance: A case study. Science & Sports, 2011;26(1): 48- 50.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scispo.2010.08.007

8. Worobets J, Wannop JW. Influence of basketball shoe mass, outsole traction, and forefoot bending stiffness on three athletic movements. Sports Biomechanics, 2015; 14(3):351- 360.
https://doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2015.1084031

9. Vienneau J, Tomaras EK, Nigg S, Nigg BM. Effect of basketball shoes of different weights on performance in a game-like scenario. In ISBS-Conference Proceedings Archive, 2016;33(1):735-738.

10. Divert C, Mornieux G, Freychat P, Baly L, Mayer F, Belli A. Barefoot-shod running differences: shoe or mass effect?. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 2008;29(6);512- 518.
https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-989233

11. Cheung RT, Ngai SP. Effects of footwear on running economy in distance runners: A meta-analytical review. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2016;19(3):260- 266.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2015.03.002

12. Ayarra R, Nakamura FY, Iturricastillo A, Castillo D, Yanci J. Differences in Physical Performance According to the Competitive Level in Futsal Players. Journal of Human Kinetics. 2018;64(1):275-285.
https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2017-0201

13. Sterzing T, Müller C, Hennig EM, Milani TL. Actual and perceived running performance in soccer shoes: A series of eight studies. Footwear Science, 2009;1(1):5- 17.
https://doi.org/10.1080/19424280902915350

14. Menger B, Kannenberg A, Petersen W, Zantop T, Rembitzki I, Stinus H. Effects of a novel foot-ankle orthosis in the non-operative treatment of unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery. 2016;136(9):1281-1287.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00402-016-2500-2

15. Sharp JS, Poole SF, Kleiman BW. Optical Measurement of Contact Forces Using Frustrated Total Internal Reflection. Physical Review Applied. 2018;10(3).
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.10.034051

16. Ullah A, Shah M. Incapacitated decision making power, over emphasized obedience and its exclusionary effects on children. Journal of Social Inclusion. 2016;7(2).

17. Zhang HL, Cui XJ, Cao SL, Zhang Q, Sang SB, Zhang WD. Human Body as a Power Source for Biomechanical Energy Scavenging Based on Electrode-Free Triboelectric Nanogenerators. Energy Technology. 2018;6(10):2053-2057.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ente.201800162
Published
2018-12-25
How to Cite
Köse, B. (2018). Does the weight of basketball shoes affect speed and jumping performance?. Physical Education of Students, 22(6), 316-319. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2018.0606
Section
Articles