The influence of using interval core stability circuit exercise towards strength and recovery

Keywords: circuit exercise, core stability, interval, muscle strength, recovery


Purpose : The study aimed to know the influence of using interval in core stability circuit towards the enhancement of strength and recovery. Material : The participants in this study were students of Coaching Education, Faculty of Sport Science.. The participants were consisting of 20 male students with range of age in 18-21 years old. These students were divided into two groups, each group consisted of 10 students. This study used experimental research with the randomized pre and posttest design, in which the treatment group 1 was given the core stability circuit exercise with 1:1 interval. Then, the core stability circuit exercise with 1:2 interval was given to the treatment group 2. The variable in this study focused on the strength and the recovery. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, requirement test analysis and inferential analysis. Result : The result showed that there was an enhancement in leg, stomach, and arm muscle strength and recovery of Sports Coaching Education’s students 2015, Faculty of Sport Science UNESA (State University of Surabaya). Based on the normality and homogeneity test, the data was claimed as normal and homogeny. Whereas the counting result of differences test in all variables showed that there were differences between the mean result of 1:1 interval exercise and 1:2 interval exercises toward the strength of leg, stomach, arm muscle, and recovery. Conclusion : Core stability exercise was able to increase the physical performance of arm, leg, and stomach muscle strength. It could be applied with circuit and high intensity of interval training to enhance the recovery ability.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 126 | PDF Downloads: 87 |

Author Biographies

L.P.T. Ariani, Department of Sports Training Education, Ganesha University of Education; Pegok, Jalan Raya Sesetan No.196, Sesetan, Denpasar Selatan, Pedungan, Denpasar Sel., Kota Denpasar, Bali 80223, Indonesia
H. Setijono, Department of Sports Training Education, State University of Surabaya; Jl. Rektorat Unesa, Lidah Wetan, Lakarsantri, Kota SBY, Jawa Timur 60213, Indonesia


1. Bompa TO, Haff, GG. Periodization Theory and Methodology of Training. United States: Human Kinetics; 2009.

2. Ngurah N. Principles of Sports Physical Training. Bali: Udayana University Press; 2011.

3. Sukadiyanto, Muluk D. Introduction to Theory and Physical Training Methodology. Bandung: Lubuk Agung; 2011.

4. Juliantine. Physical Exercise in Sports and Health Education. Indonesia: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia; 2007.

5. Kibler WB, Press J, Sciascia A. The Role of Core Stability in Athletic Function. Journal Sport Medicine. 2006; 36(3):189- 198.

6. Granacher U, Schellbach J, Klein K, Prieske O, Baeyens J-P, Muehlbauer T. Effects of core strength training using stable versus unstable surfaces on physical fitness in adolescents: a randomized controlled trial. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation [Internet]. 2014 Dec [cited 2018 Dec 5];6(1). Available from:

7. Pocock SJ. Clinical Trial a Practical Approach. Chichester-New York. Singapore: Jon Wiley & Son Ltd; 2008.

8. Nesser TW, Huxel KC, Tincher JL, Okada T. The Relationship Between Core Stability and Performance in Division I Football Players: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2008;22(6):1750–4.

9. Tomoko O, Kellie CH, Thomas WN. Relatioship between Core Stability Functional Movement And Performance. Journal Strenght anc Conditioniong Research, 2011; 25(1):252- 261.

10. Akuthota V, Ferreiro A, Moore T, Fredericson M. Core Stability Exercise Principles. Current Sports Medicine Reports. 2008;7(1):39–44.

11. Wang X-Q, Zheng J-J, Yu Z-W, Bi X, Lou S-J, Liu J, et al. A Meta-Analysis of Core Stability Exercise versus General Exercise for Chronic Low Back Pain. Eldabe S, editor. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(12):e52082.

12. Marshall PW, Murphy BA. Core stability exercises on and off a Swiss ball. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2005;86(2):242–9.

13. Cress Maria, Porcari John, Foster Carl. Interval Training. ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal. 2015;19(6):3-6.
14. Foster C, Stanley D, de Koning JJ, Porcari JP. Get moving! the first thing you have to do is run more. ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal. 2014;18(2):12–8.

15. Gibala MJ, Heisz JJ, Nelson AJ. Interval training for cardiometabolic and brain health. ACSMʼs Health & Fitness Journal. 2018;22(6):30–4.

16. Roxburgh BH, Nolan PB, Weatherwax RM, Dalleck LC. Is moderate intensity exercise training combined with high intensity interval training more effective at improving cardiorespiratory fitness than moderate intensity exercise training alone? J Sports Sci Med. 2014;13(3):702–7.

17. Lunt H, Draper N, Marshall HC, Logan FJ, Hamlin MJ, Shearman JP, et al. High Intensity Interval Training in a Real World Setting: A Randomized Controlled Feasibility Study in Overweight Inactive Adults, Measuring Change in Maximal Oxygen Uptake. Schooling CM, editor. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(1):e83256.
How to Cite
Ariani L, Setijono H. The influence of using interval core stability circuit exercise towards strength and recovery. Physical education of students. 2018;22(6):298-04.