Evaluation of the relationship between body composition and aerobic fitness in youth soccer players

Keywords: aerobic fitness, body composition, fat percentage, soccer, training

Abstract

Background and Study Aim: The purpose of the study was to make an evaluation between aerobic fitnes (VO2max) and body composition in youth soccer players. Material and Methods: U19, U17, U16 and U15 age groups participated in the study. Twenty-eight U19 (average age 18,03±0,58), twenty-three U17 (average age 16,72±0,30), twenty-seven U16 (average age 15,79±0,23) and twenty-one U15 (average age 14,67±0,31) totally ninety-nine athletes voluntarily participated in the study. The subjects’ body weight and fat percentage were estimated by bioelectrical impedance. VO2max was determined by YOYO Intermittan Recovery test protocol. Shapiro-wilk test, Independent t test, hierarchical regression and analysis of covariance were used to compare the relationships between aerobic fitness and body composition. Additionally, Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to examine the relationships between variables. The level of significance for all statistics was set at p<0.05. SPSS 23 software was used to calculate the data. The total value of all estimators is f = 18,001 and p <0.0001. Results : Although all variables were included in the model, the BMI was considered the greatest explanatory factor for fatness. Aerobic endurance was assessed in direct proportion to age, sit and reach test, crunch test, plank, and long jump test. As the distance increased, the% fat ratio decreased (p <0.001), and the fat ratio decreased with the decrease in the T test (p <0.001). Conclusions: In this study, it was determined that body fat ratio determined by BMI, body fat percentage decreased with increasing aerobic endurance, body fat ratio was negatively correlated with aerobic fitness and lean body ratio. It was also determined that aerobic fitness was positively correlated with age, sit and reach, crunch test, plank, standing long jump and T test.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 64 | times, Article PDF |

Author Biographies

Ö. Nalbant, Coaching Education Department, Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University
(Corresponding author); ozgur.nalbant@alanya.edu.tr; Kestel Mahallesi Konya Çimento Caddesi No:80, 07400 Alanya/Antalya, Turkey
K. Özer, Coaching Education Department, İstanbul Gedik University
ozgur.nalbant@alanya.edu.tr; Çamlık Mahallesi Nazende Sokak No: 2 Çamlık Spor Tesisleri Karşısı Kurtköy İstanbul, Turkey

References

Shete AN, Bute SS, Deshmukh P. A Study of VO2max and Body Fat Percentage in Female Athletes. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 2014; 8(12), BC01–BC03.

Amani, A.R, Somchit, M.N, Konting, M.M.B, Kok L.Y. Relationship between Body Fat Percent and Maximal Oxygen Uptake among Young Adults. Journal of American Science, 2010;6(4), 1-4.

Maciejczyk M, Więcek M, Szymura J, Szyguła Z, Wiecha S, Cempla J. The influence of increased body fat or lean body mass on aerobic performance. PLoS One, 2014; 21;9(4), e95797.

Lohman TG, Ring K, Pfeifer K, Camhi S, Arredondo E, Pratt CH, Pate R, Webber LS. Relationship among fitness, body composition, and physical activity. Meicine Science and Sports and Exercise, 2008; 40:1163-1170.

Mazurek K, Wit B, Mróz A, Wiśniewska M, Klukowski K. Health positive behavior of students Warsaw Physical Education Academy and cardiovascular diseases risk. Medicina Sportiva 8(Suppl. 2):2004; S69-S70.

Suder A, Gwardiak T. Differentiation of fatty features and fat tissue distribution in students of physical education and tourism direction of Physical Education Academy in Cracow. Phyical Education and Sport, 2003; 47:275-287.

King AC, Parkinson KN, Adamson AJ, Murray L, Besson H, Reilly J. Correlates of objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour in English children. Europan Journal of Public Health, 2011;21:424– 31.

Bangsbo J, Marcello IF, Krustrup P. The Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test. Sports Medicine; 2008; 1: 38 37,51.

Wells K, Dillon EK. The Sit and Reach—A Test of Back and Leg Flexibility. Research Quarterly. American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation. 2013;23:115-118.

Porter JM, Ostrowski EJ, Nolan RP, Wu WFW. Standing Long-Jump Performance is Enhanced when Using an External Focus of Attention. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2010; 24(7): 1746-1750.

Buchheit M. The 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test: Accuracy for Individualizing Interval Training of Young Intermittent Sport Players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2008; 22(2):365-374.

Colado JC, Triplett NT, Tella V, Saucedo P, Abellan J. Effects of aquatic resistance training on health and fitness in postmenopausal women. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2009;106(1):113–122.

Tong TK, Wu S, Nie J. Sport-specific endurance plank test for evaluation of global core muscle funct tion. Physical Therapy in Sport, 2013;15:58-63.

Miller MG, Herniman JJ, Ricard MD, Cheatham CC, Michael TJ. The effects of a 6-week plyometric training program on agility. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2006;5(3):459–65.

Raya AM, Gailey SR, Gaunaurd AI, Jayne MD, Campbell MS, Gagne E, Manrique GP, Muller GD, Tucker C. Comparison of three agility tests with male servicemembers: Edgren Side Step Test, T-Test, and Illinois Agility Test. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 2013;50(7):951–960.

Drust B, Waterhouse J, Atkinson G, Edwards B, Reilly, T. Circadian rhythms in sports performance– An update. Chronobiology International, 2005; 22(1): 21–44.

ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. American College of Sports Medicine. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.

Aziz AR, Tan FHY, Teh KC. Pilot study comparing two field tests with the treadmill run test in soccer players. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2005;4:105–112.

Goran M, Fields DA, Hunter GR, Herd SL, Weinsier RL. Total body fat does not influence maximal aerobic capacity. International Journal of Obesity, 2000; 24(7):841-8.

Silvestre R, Kraemer WJ, West C, Judelson DA, Spiering BA, Vingren JL, Hatfield DL, Anderson JM, Maresh CM. Body composition and physical performance during a National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I men's soccer season. Journal of Strength and Condition Research. 2006; 20(4):962-70.

Nikolaidis PT. Elevated Body Mass Index and Body Fat Percentage Are Associated with Decreased Physical Fitness in Soccer Players Aged 12-14 Years. Asian Journal Sports Medicine, 2012; 3(3): 168–174.

Silva CD, Bloomfield J, Marins JCB. A Review of Stature, Body Mass and Maximal Oxygen Uptake Profiles of U17, U20 and First Division Players in Brazilian Soccer. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2008; 7(3): 309–319.

Dencker M, Thorsson O, Karlsson MK, Lindén C, Eiberg S, Wollmer Andersen LB. Gender differences and determinants of aerobic fitness in children aged 8-11 years. Euro Journal Apply Physiology, 2007; 99(1):19-26.

Nikolaidis PT. Physical fitness is inversely related with body mass index and body fat percentage in soccer players aged 16-18 years. Medicinski Pregled, 2012; 65(11-12):470-5.

Minasian V, Marandi SM, Kelishadi R, Abolhassani H. Correlation between Aerobic Fitness and Body Composition in Middle School Students. International Journal Preventive Medicine, 2014; 5(Suppl 2): S102–S107.

Kim J, Cho HC, Jung HS, Yoon JD. Influence of performance level on anaerobic power and body composition in elite male judoists. Journal and Strength and Condition Research, 2011; 25(5): 1346-1354.

Hegge AM, Myhre K, Welde B, Holmberg HC, Sandbakk O. Are gender differences in upper-body power generated by elite cross-country skiers augmented by increasing the intensity of exercise? PLoS One, 2015; 22, 10(5): 1-16.

Demirkan E, Can S, Arslan E. The Relationship between Body Composition and Aerobic Fitness in Boys and Girls Distance Runners. International Journal of Sports Science, 2016; 6(2): 62-65.

Czajkowska A, Mazurek K, Lutoslawska G, Zmijewski Z. Anthropometric and cardio-respiratory indices and aerobic capacity of male and female students. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 2009; 1: 47 – 51.

Campos-Vazquez MA, Mendez-Villanueva A, Gonzalez-Jurado JA, León-Prados JA, Santalla A, Suarez-Arrones L. Relationships between rating-of-perceived-exertion- and heart-rate-derived internal training load in professional soccer players: a comparison of on-field integrated training sessions. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2015; 10(5):587-92.

Christopher C, Emmanuel O. Variation in Body Composition in Professional Soccer Players: Interseasonal and Intraseasonal Changes and the Effects of Exposure Time and Player Position. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2010;24(5):1332-1339.
Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
Nalbant, Ö., & Özer, K. (2018). Evaluation of the relationship between body composition and aerobic fitness in youth soccer players. Physical Education of Students, 22(5), 258-264. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2018.0505
Section
Articles