Special motor program in the experienced dart players: support from kinematic data





GMP, Relative timing, Special motor program, Especial skills


Background and Study Aim: Especial advantage known as especial skills have come to mind specificity perspective in human motor control. The main objective was to explore the relative timing of throwing kinematics data in experienced daters so that it would provide examine specificity perspective. Material and Methods: Seven experienced players executed 252 throws from seven distances with recording the kinematic data from the elbow. Results: Data analysis was shown the especial relative timing in the most practiced distance in five from seven samples. We concluded that repetitive practices may lead to especial structure and kinematic pattern of limb that could interpret as a special motor program. The findings showed that as the massive workouts of experienced players have changed relative timing at kinematics levels, they show a special motor program in five samples and GMP in two samples. These findings indicate that the level of motor control not only cannot be GMP, but also may be a specific moto program. Conclusions: For the first time, findings of this study evident a specific motor program in the kinematic levels. Findings did not support the GMP theory which creates a new view to schema theory.


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Author Biographies

Nabavinik Mahdi, Department of Motor Behavior, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

ma.nabavinik@stu-mail.um.ac.ir; 9177948974 Azadi Sq., Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi, Islamic Republic of Iran

Taheri Hamidreza, Department of Motor Behavior, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

hamidtaheri@um.ac.ir; 9177948974 Azadi Sq., Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi, Islamic Republic of Iran

Saberi Kakhki Alireza, Department of Motor Behavior, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

askakhki@um.ac.ir; 9177948974 Azadi Sq., Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi, Islamic Republic of Iran

Kobravi Hamidreza, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Mashhad

hkobravi@mshdiau.ac.ir; Mashhad, Ghasem Abad, Ostad Yosefi Street. 9187147578, Islamic Republic of Iran


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How to Cite

Mahdi N, Hamidreza T, Alireza SK, Hamidreza K. Special motor program in the experienced dart players: support from kinematic data. Physical Education of Students. 2017;21(6):287-93. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2017.0605

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