Reliability of functioning and reserves of system, controlling movements with different coordination structure of special health group girl students in physical education process

Keywords: girl students, health, control, fine movements

Abstract

Purpose: to study reliability of functioning and reserves of system, controlling movements with different coordination structure of special health group girl students (low health level) in physical education process. Material: in the research special health group girl students (n=136, age 17-19) participated. They were divided into 2 groups - control and experimental. The program, directed to increase reliability and reserves of system controlling movements, was realized. It was based on physical exercises of complicated coordination with novelty elements, which were fulfilled under musical accompaniment. The research continued one academic year. Results: in girl students with health problems we registered higher differential thresholds, when reproducing local movements in complicated conditions. They used visual and hearing feedback channels for informing brain’s programming areas about made mistakes. They were worse teachable in training accurate movements. These girl students have less expressed compensation reserves under impact of hindering factors and interferences. It can be interpreted as non-specific crisscross negative response to motor functional system in case of health problems. All these determine reduction of reserve potentials of motor control system. Conclusions: The main reserve potentials’ criteria of control over different coordination structure movements are: quickness of passing to program mechanism of fine movements’ regulation in stable conditions of functioning; power and effectiveness of compensatory reactions, ensuring interference immunity of system, controlling movements under interfering factors; reliability of maintaining movements’ qualitative parameters in optimal range under interfering factors; reduction of sensor interconnections in stable functioning conditions.

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Author Biographies

A.A. Pryimakov, Szczecin University
aprim@bk.ru; al. Piast 40B, Block 6, 71-065 Szczecin, Poland
E. Eider, Szczecin University
sekretariat.wkfipz@univ.szczecin.pl; Str. Polubotko Getman, 53, Chernigov, 14000, Ukraine
M.O. Nosko, Chernigiv National T.G. Shevchenko Pedagogical University
pryimalnya214chnpu@meta.ua; Str. Polubotko Getman, 53, Chernigov, 14000, Ukraine.
S.S. Iermakov, Kazimierz Wielki University
sportart@gmail.com; Sport str. 2, of.209, 85-064 Bydgoszcz, Poland

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Published
2017-04-04
How to Cite
1.
Pryimakov A, Eider E, Nosko M, Iermakov S. Reliability of functioning and reserves of system, controlling movements with different coordination structure of special health group girl students in physical education process. Physical education of students. 2017;21(2):84-9. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2017.0206
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Articles