Keywords: mental health, student, sports, university students


Purpose: study of mental health level of university student, athletes and non-athletes. Material: The tested group consisted of 160 male and female undergraduates from Ouargla University, Algeria; 80 students-athletes from Institute of Physical Education and Sports and 80 students-non-athletes from Department of Psychology, English and Mathematics. In the study we used health mental scale, adapted by Diab (2006) to Arab version scale, formed from five dimensions (Competence and self-confidence, Capacity for social interaction, Emotional maturity, Freedom from neurotic symptoms, self rating and aspects of natural deficiencies). Results: the findings indicated that university students have high level of mental health. And the mean of the responses of students-athletes group by mental health scale reached (M = 32.40), with standard deviation (STD =5.83), while the mean of the responses of students-non athletes group by mental health scale has reached (M=27.47), with standard deviation (STD=7.88). T-value, required to know significance of differences between means of students-athletes and students-non athletes has reached (T=4.51), (DF=185, p -0.01). So there are significant statistical differences between student athletes and non-athletes in their responses by mental health scale in favor of the student athletes. Conclusion:sports are beneficial in respect to mental health among university students and emphasizing the importance of the mental health of university students through its integration in the various recreational and competitive activities. Future qualitative research, covering multi-variables’ tests on mental health and others psychological characteristics could be performed in sports area.


Download data is not yet available.

View Counter: Abstract | 201 | times, Article PDF |


Ahmadi J, Samavat F, Sayyad M, & Ghanizadeh A. Various types of exercise and scores on the Beck Depression Inventory. Psychological Reports, 2002; 90(3): 821–822.

AUCCCD. College students’ mental health is a growing concern, survey finds. Monitor on psychology, 2013;44(6): 13-20.

Biddle SJH, & Mutrie N. Psychology of physical activity: Determinants, well-being and interventions. London: Routledge; 2001.

Carless D, & Douglas K. A golf programme for people with severe and enduring mental illness. Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 2004;3(4): 26–39.

Carless D, & Sparkes A. Narrative, identity and mental health: How men with serious mental illness restory their lives through sport and exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2008; 9(5): 576–594.

Craft LL. Exercise and clinical depression: Examining two psychological mechanisms. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2005;6(2): 151–171.

Craft LL, & Perna FM. The benefits of exercise for the clinically depressed. Primary Care Companion, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2004; 6: 104–111.

Crone D. Walking back to health: A qualitative investigation into service user’s experiences of a walking project. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 2007;28(2): 167–183.

Crone D, Smith A, & Gough B. ‘I feel totally alive, totally happy and totally at one’: A psycho-social explanation of the physical activity and mental health relationship from the experiences of participants on exercise referral schemes. Health Education Research, 2005; 20(5): 600–611.

Diab AAM. Social Support as a Mediating Factor between Stressful Events and Mental Health for Palestinian Adolescents. Unpublished master thesis. Psychology Department University of Gaza. Palestine; 2006.

Fogarty M, & Happell B. Exploring the benefits of an exercise program for people with schizophrenia:A qualitative study. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 2005; 26, 341–351.

Ganellen R. Hardiness and Social Support as Moderators of the Effect of Life Stress. Journal of Personality and Psychology, 1984;47(1): 156-163.

Laforge RG, Rossi JS, Prochaska JO, Velicer WF, Levesque DA, & McHorney CA. Stage ofexercise and health related quality of life. Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2002;28(4): 349–360.

Landers MD, & Arent MS. physical activity and mental health. In: RN Singer, HA Hausenblas and CM Janelle. (Ed). Handbook of sport psychology. John Wiley and Sons: New York;2001.

Larry AT. Muscular Strength and Mental Health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1983;45(6): 1355-1360.

Samin ZB. Personal compatibility and its relationship of Exercise among university students. Journal of College of Basic Education, 2012;74:100-115.

Toskovic N. Alterations in selected measures of mood with a single bout of dynamic Taekwondo exercise in college-age students. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 2001; 92(3): 1031–1038.

Tyson P, Wilson K, Crone D, Brailsford R, & Laws K. Physical activity and mental health in a student population. Journal of Mental Health. 2010;1:1-8.

Van Raalte LJ, Cornelius EA, Andrews S, Diehl SN, & Brewer WB. Mental Health Referral for Student-Athletes: Web-Based Education and Training. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 2015; 9: 197-212. doi:10.1123/jcsp.2015-0011

Abstract views: 201
PDF Downloads: 86
How to Cite
Kenioua, M., & Boumasjed, A. E. (2016). SPORT AND MENTAL HEALTH LEVEL AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS. Physical Education of Students, 20(3), 39-42.