Keywords: somatotype, wrestling, talent, test


Aim: This study investigated the association between motor performance and somatic type, anthropometric, body composition, physiologic and physical fitness profile in young wrestlers. Material: 16 young wrestlers aging 16-19 with a 4-year-experience of taking part in national championships were selected for the study. Following the standard methods in the testing center of Alborz province some tests like aerobic power, muscular endurance, flexibility and agility speed tests and 1RM were taken to integrate the participants. Also, it should be noted that the participants’ height, weight, the girth of thigh, elbow, calf and arm and skin thickness were measured. Results: Somatotype, Somatotype Attitudinal Distance (SAD), Height Weight ratio (HWR) were calculated according to Carter and Heath anthropometric method. Body Fat Percentage (%BF), HWR and SAD resulted in 10.90±1.64, 43.27±0.87 and 0.94±0.87 respectively. Somatotype Standard Deviation and mean regarding endomorphic, mesomorphic and ectomorphic components were 2.16±0.46, 5.20±0.77 and 2.88±0.64 respectively. Physiologically, wrestlers VO2MAX (kg/min) were 49.31±4.22 and their Resting Heart Rate (bpm) were 68.31±6.64. Conclusion: As the present study illustrates, Somatotype of the Endomorphs, Mesomorphs and Ectomorphs were the same. As a result, coaches can plan wrestlers’ training programs and review of techniques based on anthropometric and physiologic data driven from their sports performances.Besides, wrestlers could be well-informed about their performance. Moreover, aforesaid information could be beneficial to wrestling federations and all other organizations contributing the wrestling federation while holding talent identification programs and recognizing young wrestlers.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 204 | PDF Downloads: 124 |

Author Biography

Mirzaei Bahman, Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan


Demirkan E, Kutlu M, Koz M, Özal M, Favre M. Physical fitness differences between freestyle and greco-roman junior wrestlers. Journal of human kinetics, 2014;41(1):245–251.

Eston R, Reilly T. Kinanthropometry and exercise physiology laboratory manual: tests, procedures and data: volume two: physiology. Routledge; 2013;1:23–30.

Mirzaei B, Curby DG, Rahmani-Nia F, Moghadasi M. Physiological profile of elite Iranian junior freestyle wrestlers. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2009;23(8):2339–2344.

Rahmani-Nia F, Mirzaei B. The comparison of Oxygen consumption maximum among nominated young wrestlers in Guilan in the morning round and evening round. The Journal of Olympics, 2000;9(2-1):93–98.

Sharratt MT, Taylor AW, Song TM. A physiological profile of elite Canadian freestyle wrestlers. Canadian journal of applied sport sciences. Journal canadien des sciences appliquées au sport, 1986;11(2):100–105.

Kamali S. Talent identification in sports. Proceedings of the National Conference of Sports Talent, 2007. P. 100–104.

Ackland TR, Elliott B, Bloomfield J. Applied anatomy and biomechanics in sport. Human Kinetics; 2009.

Bloomfield J, Ackland TR, Elliot BC. Applied Biomechanics and Anatomy in Sport. Wiley–Blackwell; 1995.

Pieter W, Bercades LT, Center O. Somatotypes of national elite combative sport athletes. Brazilian Journal of Biomotricity, 2009;3(1):21–30.

Ratamess NA. ACSM's foundations of strength training and conditioning. Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012.

Bompa TO, Haff GG. Periodization: Theory and methodology of training. Human Kinetics Publishers; 2009.

Qankqya C. Examination of Young Wrestlers’ Leg Reaction Times and Their Relationships with Explosive Power. World Appl. Sci. J. 2013;16:189–197.

Arrese AL, Ostáriz ES. Skinfold thicknesses associated with distance running performance in highly trained runners. Journal of sports sciences, 2006;24(1):69–76.

Brzycki M. Strength testing—predicting a one-rep max from reps-to-fatigue. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 1993;64(1):88–90.

Jackson AS, Pollock ML. Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. The British journal of nutrition. 2004;91(1):161–168.

Brožek J, Grande F, Anderson JT, Keys A. Densitometric analysis of body composition: revision of some quantitative assumptions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1963;110(1):113–140.

Mirzaei B, Mansour Sadeghi M. The profile of physical fitness of the adult wrestlers taking part in national team of freestyle wrestling preparation expeditions. The Journal of Olympics, 2006;15(38):81–89.

Shahed A, Khakpour B. The analysis of the contribution of some anthropometric features and physical fitness among teenage wrestlers aging 10–14 in Tabriz. Third national athletic talent identification forum, Iran, 2013.

Ramirez-Velez R, Argothyd R, Meneses-Echavez JF, Sanchez-Puccini MB, Lopez-Alban CA, Cohen DD. Anthropometric characteristics and physical performance of colombian elite male wrestlers. Asian journal of sports medicine, 2014;5(4):100–105.

Häkkinen K, Alen M, Komi PV. Neuromuscular, anaerobic, and aerobic performance characteristics of elite power athletes. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology, 1984;53(2):97–105.

Arslanoglu E. Physical profiles of Turkish young Greco-Roman wrestlers. Educational Research and Reviews. 2015;23;10(8):1034–1038.

Yoon J. Physiological profiles of elite senior wrestlers. Sports Medicine, 2002;32(4):225–233.

Mirzaei B, Curby DG, Barbas I, Lotfi N. Anthropometric and physical fitness traits of four-time World Greco-Roman wrestling champion in relation to national norms: A case study. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. 2011;6(2):406–413.

Sterkowicz-Przybycień K, Sterkowicz S, Żarów R. Somatotype, body composition and proportionality in polish top greco-roman wrestlers. Journal of human kinetics, 2011;28:141–154.

How to Cite
Rahmat AJ, Arsalan D, Bahman M, Hadi N. ANTHROPOMETRICAL PROFILE AND BIO-MOTOR ABILITIES OF YOUNG ELITE WRESTLERS. Physical education of students. 2016;20(6):63-9.