Biomechanics aspects of technique of high jump

  • V.M. Adashevskiy National Technical University “KPI”
  • S.S. Iermakov Kharkov State Academy of Physical Culture
  • A.A. Marchenko National Technical University “KPI”
Keywords: biomechanics, trajectory, pose, sportsman

Abstract

The purpose of work consists in the theoretical ground of optimum biomechanics descriptions in high jumps. A mathematical model is developed for determination of influence on the height of jump: speed and corner of flight of centre-of-mass during pushing away, positions of centre-of-mass body of sportsman in the phases of pushing away and transition through a slat, forces of resistance of air environment, influences of moment of inertia of body. The basic technical run-time errors of sportsman are selected exercises. To biomechanics descriptions, to the step-up effectiveness of high jumps belong: speed of flight of centre-of-mass sportsman (4.2-5.8 meters in a second), corner of flight of centre-of-mass body (50-58 degrees), height of flight of centre-of-mass body (0.85-1.15 meter). Directions of choice of necessary biomechanics descriptions which a sportsman can realize are shown. Offered recommendation on the increase of effectiveness of high jumps.

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Published
2013-04-28
How to Cite
1.
Adashevskiy V, Iermakov S, Marchenko A. Biomechanics aspects of technique of high jump. Physical education of students. 2013;17(2):11-7. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.156374
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