THE CONSIDERATION OF ATTITUDE AND MOTIVES RELATIVE TO LEISURE TIME ACTIVITIES IN STUDENTS OF GUILAN UNIVERSITY, IRAN
AbstractAim : The purpose of this research is consideration of attitude and motives relative to sport activities during leisure times in male and female students of Guilan University. Material and methods of research : a sample of 200 male and female students of Guilan University that had physical education 1 and 2 in 2011 and spent two sport activities in three times, they were selected as a sample by using classified sampling and answered to LAQ and LMQ questionnaire. For determining validity (specialist views) and reliability (Cronbach's Alpha=0.93, и 0.92 respectively) and SPSS (version 19) were used. For analyzing was used Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for normality of data, Pearson Correlation Coefficient, t-test, repeated measurement test and Spearman test. Results : The analysis of this research findings indicated that the most important motivation factors for participating students in sport activity in leisure times is mastery/competitive motives, avoidance/ stimulation motives, social motives, cognitive motives. In students, cognitive attitude has had more importance than emotional attitude, however; it wasn't a significant difference in the measure of its use and between two groups of male and female wasn't an observed difference in priority of motivators and their attitude. There was a positive significant relationship between attitude to support activities in students with features such as age, educational term, the number of exercise days. Also, there wasn't a significant relationship among motivation to sporting activities in individuals with features such as age, educational term, the number of exercise days. Conclusions : Therefore more attentions should be paid to the increasing motivation and attitude through institutionalizing and boosting general awareness of physical fitness.
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