THE DIET OF SKIERS WITH REGARD TO THE FREQUENCY OF DINNERS
AbstractThe aim of the present study is the assessment of the dietary habits of Greek alpine ski athletes, with regard to the consumption of specific food groups as well as the evaluation of their compliance with the official dietary recommendations of international organizations. The sample consisted of 65 Greek skiers, both experienced and inexperienced. Three groups of trainees participated: 1) a group of students of Athens, elective skiing –28 people, 2) a group of students of Athens, specialization skiing – 21 people, 3) group of experienced skiers - 16 people. The sample taking was based on the following criteria: a) the skiers had to be Greek, b) to be over 18 years old, c) the questionnaires had to be completed anonymously in their leisure time. The questionnaires were given to the participants, including the following subjects: frequency of daily dinners, daily intake of cereals – baked products, daily intake of dairy products, daily intake of animal protein, daily intake of seafood, daily intake of fatty food, daily intake of vegetables – juice – fruit and daily intake of sweets. Taking into account the results, we are driven to the following conclusions: the update of information of skiers concerning the intake of wrong food is considered necessary. It is ascertained that the majority of people (83%) in all three groups (elective, specialization, experienced skiers) have 4-5 dinners daily. The majority of people in three groups have less than 3 servings daily: of animal protein, dairy products, vegetables, fruit and juice.
| Abstract views: 39 | PDF Downloads: 19 |
Allen C.B., Higgs Z.R., and J.R. Holloway. Identifying students at risk for academic difficulty. Professor Journal, 1988, vol.4 (2), pp. 113-118.
Anderson P. Alcohol consumption of undergraduates at Oxford University. Alcohol 1984, vol.19 (1),pp. 77-84,
Bachman J.G., Johnston L.D., and P.M. O’Malley. Smoking, drinking and drug use among.American high school students: correlates and trends 1975-1979. American Journal of Public Health, 1981, vol.71(1), pp. 59-69.
Baczyk S. & L. Szczesniak. Rational human’s feeding [Racjonalne zywienie czlowieka], PWN, Warszaw-Poznan, 1990, 200 p.
Barnes G.M., and J.W. Welte. Predictors of Alcohol use among college students in New York State. Journal of American College Health, 1983, vol.31(4), pp. 150-157.
Bonci L.J. Eating for performance: bringing science to the training table. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2011, vol.30(3), pp. 661-670.
Clark Heather R., Barker Margo E., and Bernard M. Corfe. Nutritional Strategies of Mountain Marathon Competitors-An Observational Study. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2005, vol.15, pp. 160-172,
Desbrow B., and M. Leveritt. Well-Trained Endurance Athletes’ Knowledge, Insight, and Experience of Caffeine Use. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2007, vol.17, pp. 328-339.
De Sousa, E.F., Da Costa, T.H., Nogueira, J.A., and L.J. Vivaldi. Assessment of nutrient and water intake among adolescents from sports federations in the Federal District, Brazil. British Journal of Nutrition, 2008, vol.99(6), pp. 1275-1283.
Dontas AS., Moschandreas J., and A. Kafatos. Physical activity and nutrition in older adults, Public Health Nutrition, 1999, vol.2(3a), pp. 429-436.
Drewnowski A. and W.J. Evans. Nutrition, physical activity, and quality of life in older adults: summary. Journals of Gerontology Series A: BiologicalSciences and Medical Sciences. 2001, vol.56(2), pp. 89-94.
Ekonomou A., Vardaki M., Koutis A., Apostolaki I., and A.Filalithis. Study of intervention in students of Lyceum on the diet and the natural activity[Meleti paremvasis se mathites Likeiou gia tin diatrofi kai ti fisiki drastiriotita], 2005, vol.18-19, pp. 33-48.
Foskett A., et al. Carbohydrate availability and muscle energy metabolism during intermittent running. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2008, vol.40(1), pp. 96-103.
Giannopoulou Ifigenia, Fernhall Bo, Carhart Robert, Weinstock Ruth S., Baynard Tracy, Figueroa Arturo, and A. Kanaley Jill. Metabolism: clinical and experimental. 2005, vol.54(7), pp. 866-875.
Giannopoulou I., Ploutz-Snyder L. L., Carhart R., Weinstock R. S., Fernhall B., Goulopoulou S., and J. A.Kanaley. Exercise is required for visceral fat loss in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes, The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 2005, vol.90(3), pp. 1511-1518.
16. Harger-Domitrovich S.G. Exogenous carbohydrate spares muscle glycogen in men and women during 10 h of exercise. Medicine & Sciencein Sports & Exercise, 2007, vol.39(12), pp. 2171-2179.
Joubert Lanae M. and Melinda M. Manore. Exercise, Nutrition, and Homocysteine. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2006, vol.16, pp. 341-361.
Kanaley J. A., Giannopoulou I., and L.L. Ploutz-Snyder Regional differences in abdominal fat loss, International journal of obesity, 2005, vol.31(1), pp. 147-152.
McMurray R.G., Harrell J.S., Bangdiwala S.I., Bradley C.B., Deng S., and A. Levine. A school-based intervention can reduce body fat and blood pressure in young adolescents, Journal of Adolescent Health, 2002, vol.31, pp. 125-132.
Molina T. Natural nutrition and diet therapy. Revista de enfermería, 2000, vol.23,(4), pp. p. 302-305.
O’Neil M.K., and P. Mingie. Life stress and depression in University students’ clinical illustrations of recent research. Journal of American College Health, 1988, vol.36,(4), pp. 235-240.
Robins A. and M.M. Hetherington. A comparison of pre-competition eating patterns in a group of non-elite triathletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 2005, vol.15(4), pp. 442-457.
Schokman C.P., I.H. Rutishauser and R.J. Wallace. Pre- and postgame macronutrient intake of a group of elite Australian football players. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 1999, vol.9(1), pp. 60-69.
Sliwa A.Some of maintenance wholesome of students – sportsman[Niektore zachowania zdrowotne studentow – sportowcow]. Research papers[Zeszyty naukowe], 1995, vol.72, pp. 51-62.
Temple M. Trends in collegiate drinking in California 1979-1984. Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, 1986, vol.47(4), pp. 274 -282.
Tsintzas K., and C. Williams. Human muscle glycogen metabolism during exercise. Effect of carbohydrate supplementation. Sports Medicine, 1998, vol.25(1), pp. 7-23.
Willett W.C., Sampson L., Stampfer M.J., Rosner B., Bain C. & Witschi Jet. Reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. American Journal of Epidemiology, 1985, vol.122, pp. 51–65.
Wunderlich S., McKinnon C., Piemonte J., and Z.N. Ahmad. Measuring the impact of nutrition education and physical activity on older adults participating in government sponsored programs. Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly. 2009, vol.28(3), pp. 255 - 271.
Copyright Holder - Author(s).
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: more