EFFECT OF 8 WEEKS OF AEROBIC OR RESISTANCE TRAINING ON BLOOD PRESSURE IN NON-PHYSICAL EDUCATION MALE STUDENTS
AbstractAim : Nowadays increasing blood pressure is the most important risk factor of coronary, cerebral and renal vessel diseases. The benefits of aerobic exercise (AE) training on blood pressure (BP) but the effects of resistance training are less well delineated. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of resistance or aerobic training on haemodynamics in non-physical education male students. Methods : The target population consisted entirely of male students of University of Guilan. Among them 40 male’s non- athlete were recruited and randomly assigned to 8 weeks of either resistance (RE) or AE training. Before and after training, BP, were measured. Statistical analysis was performed by student t – test. Results : The results show that resting systolic BP (SBP) decreased following both training modes (SBP: RE, pre 128±1.9 vs post 121±2.3; AE, pre 129±4.2 vs post 123±3.3 mm Hg, P=0.005; diastolic BP: RE, pre 77±2.4 vs post 73±2.1; AE, pre 78±3.4 vs post 74±2.9 mm Hg, P=0.001). Although both RE and AE training decreased BP; were not significant differences among RE and AE training decreased BP. Conclusion : Both RE and AE training decreased BP in non athlete males. Therefore, promotion in physical activity level could be an effective way to decrease hypertension in non-physical education males.
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