Association of body image with physical activity, sleep, meal and smoking in obese male




obesity, university students, body mass index, morbid obese, severely obese


Background and Study Aim. Body image is a multidimensional construct that involves mental representations of the body, feelings, cognitions, and behaviors. The objective was to compare body image among different categories of obesity, investigate the relationship between obesity and body image, and examine the association of physical activity, meal habits, sleep, and smoking with body image. Material and Methods. Fifty-five undergraduate students Mean age 19.7±0.90 were divide into three obese categories: Obese Class I (30 < 35 kg/m2), Obese Class II (35 < 40 kg/m2) and Obese Class III (≥40.00 kg/m2). Body Image measured through (MBSRQ-AS). Results. ANOVA revealed no significant difference among BMI categories on body image global score F (2,52) = 0.074, p = 0.928. Pearson product-moment correlation could not establish significant relationship between body image and BMI (r= -0.00, n=55, p= 0.998). We found a strong association of smoking with body image X(1) = 6.909, p=0.009. However, the statistical analysis of data could not establish any significant association of PA X(1) = 0.044, p=0.978; sleep X(1) = 2.403, p=0.121; and number of meals X(1) = 0.654, p=0.721; with body image among obese individuals. Conclusions. The university students exhibited low body image. Higher scores on Self-Classified Weight describe how individuals perceive their weight and how they believe others perceive it. The low scores on Appearance Evaluation determine unhappiness with their physical appearance. Interestingly, most students are getting sufficient sleep, and a high percentage of the students’ population is not smoking. The university needs to encourage physical activity and healthy eating behavior.


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Author Biographies

Rakesh Tomar, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals; King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals; Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

Varghese C Antony, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals; King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals; Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.


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How to Cite

Tomar R, Antony VC. Association of body image with physical activity, sleep, meal and smoking in obese male. Physical Education of Students. 2021;25(5):280-7.

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