The influence of special physical fitness of athletes on the level of technique of playing beach volleyball

Keywords: beach volleyball, competitive activity, physical qualities, jump serve, attack

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. Aim is to determine the influence of the components of special physical training on the effectiveness of certain elements of the game technique during the competitive activities of beach volleyball athletes. Material and methods. The study involved athletes (n = 20, age - 17-21 years, experience - 8-9 years), who are engaged in beach volleyball (Kherson, Ukraine). Experts (n = 5, work experience - over 20 years) from among the leading volleyball specialists were involved. Training sessions were conducted according to the author’s structure and content of special physical training (preparatory period of the annual cycle). The author's program was to increase the volume of athletic work by 10% (selective classes and integrated work) and 17% (complex classes). The classes used a developed special training device. The device is designed to practice practical game skills. The load at the first stage was 70-80% of the maximum. The load in the second stage was 80-90% of the maximum. Results. Significant (p <0.05) development of explosive power, speed and agility was revealed. There is a significant (p <0,05) increase: in the number of jump serve and spike; improving the quality/number of serve and attack; improving the quality of passing and the number of blocks. Conclusions. The proposed structure and content of special physical training and exercises on a special simulator have significantly increased the level of development of physical qualities. The athlete training program helped to improve the effectiveness of certain technical actions during competitive activities.

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Author Biographies

Valeriy Hunchenko, Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports
altair66v@gmail.com; Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports; Naberezhna Pobedy str., 10, Dnieper, 49010, Ukraine.
Oleksandr Solovey, Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports
1Soloveyaleksandr@gmail.com;  Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports;  Naberezhna Pobedy str., 10, Dnieper, 49010, Ukraine.
Dmytro Solovey, Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports
1Soloveydmitriy@gmail.com; Department of Sports Games; Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports;  Naberezhna Pobedy str., 10, Dnieper, 49010, Ukraine.
Yaroslav Malojvan, Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports
malojvanyaroslav@ukr.net; Department of Sports Games; Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports; Honored Coach of Ukraine in volleyball; Naberezhna Pobedy str., 10, Dnieper, 49010, Ukraine.
Artem Yakovenko, Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports
yakovenkoartem2012@gmail.com; Department of Sports Games; Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports;  Naberezhna Pobedy str., 10, Dnieper, 49010, Ukraine.
Krzysztof Wnorowski, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport
krzysztof.wnorowski@awf.gda.pl; Department of Sports, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport; Gdansk, Poland.

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Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
1.
Hunchenko V, Solovey O, Solovey D, Malojvan Y, Yakovenko A, Wnorowski K. The influence of special physical fitness of athletes on the level of technique of playing beach volleyball. Physical education of students. 2021;25(6):364-73. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2021.0605
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