Home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises: new fitness assessment and intervention in teaching physical education

Keywords: home quarantine, fitness assessment, physical components, physical fitness, rhythmic exercise

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The COVID – 19 pandemic has post threats on the physical and mental fitness of the people. Thus, the study determined the effectiveness of home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises to the fitness level of the university students in physical education. Material and Methods. University students were the participants of the study. 200 student populations who were taking physical education subject in the year 2020 were considered. Quasi – experimental research design was employed and 96 participants between the age bracket of 18 - 26 (74 females & 22 males) were chosen using simple random sampling in determining the population size of the study. SPSS program was used in the analysis in the obtained data. Results. The result shown that there is a significant difference between the pre – test and post – test results in the fitness level of the participants in body mass index (T= -3.482, p < .001), cardiovascular endurance (T= -4.193, p < .000), flexibility (T= -6.279, p <.000), muscular endurance (T= -9.553, p <.000), and muscular strength (T= -7.569, p < .000) performing the home quarantine-based rhythmic exercises. Conclusion. Further, it is concluded that engaging in two (2) months home quarantine – based rhythmic exercises from 30 minutes to 1 hour with moderate to vigorous intensity augment the physical fitness level of an individual. Moreover, it is recommended to put vision accounts in strengthening the inclusion of home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises in teaching physical education either in synchronous and asynchronous in teaching – learning process.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 268 | PDF Downloads: 114 |

Author Biographies

Marino A. Garcia, Cebu Normal University
garciam@cnu.edu.ph;   Cebu Normal University; Philippines.
Emerito R. Custodio, Cebu Technological University
emeritocustodio67@gmail.com; Physical Education Instructor; Cebu Technological University; Philippines.

References

1. Garcia MA, Bojos MT, Canillas JA. The emergent behavior in the engagement of physical activity in fitness centers. Journal of Physical Education Research, 2018;5(2):51–56.

2. Kang H, Kim S, Lee B. Effects of rhythmic exercise on physical fitness and MVAS in older females. Journal Kineosiology, 2013; 1–14.

3. Han J, Lee J, Park J, Lee S, Kang H. Effect of a 12 Week-Aerobic Exercise Program on Physical Fitness, Depression, and Cognitive Function in the Elderly. Exercisescience, 2014;23:375–85.
https://doi.org/10.15857/ksep.2014.23.4.375

4. de Dreu MJ, van der Wilk ASD, Poppe E, Kwakkel G, van Wegen EEH. Rehabilitation, exercise therapy and music in patients with Parkinson’s disease: a meta-analysis of the effects of music-based movement therapy on walking ability, balance and quality of life. Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, 2012;18:S114–9.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1353-8020(11)70036-0

5. Kokubo T, Tajima A, Miyazawa A, Maruyama Y. Validity of the Low-Impact Dance for exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program. Phys Ther Res, 2018;21:9–15.
https://doi.org/10.1298/ptr.E9929

6. Kwon I-H, Song J-Y, Kim D-Y, Son J-Y, Shim Y-J, Shin W-S. Comparison of rhythmic and non-rhythmic aerobic exercises on depression and balance in the elderly. Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science, 2017;6:146–51.
https://doi.org/10.14474/ptrs.2017.6.3.146

7. All About Heart Rate (Pulse). [Internet]. 2021. [cited 2021 Jan 02]. Available from: https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/the-facts-about-high-blood-pressure/all-about-heart-rate-pulse

8. The ideal height: 5’6” for a woman, 5’11” for a man. [Internet]. 2021. [cited 2021 Jan 02]. Available from: https://yougov.co.uk/topics/politics/articles- reports/2014/07/11/ideal-height-56-woman-511-man

9. Revised Physical Fitness Test Manual. [Internet]. 2019. [cited 2021 Jan 02]. Available from:https://www.deped.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/DO_s2019_034.pdf

10. Kaufmann K. Movement as a Metaphor: How Persistence, the Tao, and the Wisdom of the Ostrich Helped Build School Dance Programs. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2011;82:37–45.
https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2011.10598627

11. Jing L, Xudong W. Evaluation on the effects of relaxing music on the recovery from aerobic exercise-induced fatigue. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2008;48:102–6.

12. Douka S, Zilidou VI, Lilou O, Manou V. Traditional Dance Improves the Physical Fitness and Well-Being of the Elderly. Front Aging Neurosci, 2019;11:75.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2019.00075

13. Zheng W, McLerran DF, Rolland B. Association between body-mass index and risk of death in more than 1 million Asians. N Engl J Med. 2011;364:719– 729.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1010679

14. Chen X, Cui J, Zhang Y, Peng W. The association between BMI and health-related physical fitness among Chinese college students: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 2020;20:444.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08517-8

15. Myers J, Kaykha A, George S, Abella J, Zaheer N, Lear S, et al. Fitness versus physical activity patterns in predicting mortality in men. The American Journal of Medicine, 2004;117:912–8.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2004.06.047

16. Faulkner MS, Quinn L, Rimmer JH, Rich BH. Cardiovascular Endurance and Heart Rate Variability in Adolescents With Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes. Biological Research For Nursing, 2005;7:16–29.
https://doi.org/10.1177/1099800405275202

17. Nystoriak MA, Bhatnagar A. Cardiovascular Effects and Benefits of Exercise. Front Cardiovasc Med, 2018;5:135.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fcvm.2018.00135

18. Warburton DER, Gledhill N, Quinney A. Musculoskeletal Fitness and Health. Can J Appl Physiol, 2001;26:217–37.
https://doi.org/10.1139/h01-013

19. Warburton DER, Gledhill N, Quinney A. The Effects of Changes in Musculoskeletal Fitness on Health. Can J Appl Physiol, 2001;26:161–216.
https://doi.org/10.1139/h01-012

20. Seidell JC, Cigolini M, Deslypere J-P, Charzewska J, Ellsinger B-M, Cruz A. Body Fat Distribution in Relation to Physical Activity and Smoking Habits in 38-year-old European Men. American Journal of Epidemiology, 1991;133:257–65.
https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a115870

21. Blair SN. Physical fitness and incidence of hypertension in healthy normotensive men and women. JAMA. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 1984;252:487–90.
https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.252.4.487

22. Paffenbarger RS, Wing AL, Hyde RT, Jung DL. Physical activity and incidence of hypertension in college alumni. American Journal of Epidemiology, 1983;117:245–57.
https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a113537

23. Warburton DER, Gledhill N, Jamnik VK, Krip B, Card N. Induced hypervolemia, cardiac function, &OV0312;O2max, and performance of elite cyclists: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 1999;31:800–8.
https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-199906000-00007

24. Klein DA, Stone WJ, Phillips WT, Gangi J, Hartman S. PNF Training and Physical Function in Assisted-Living Older Adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 2002;10:476–88.
https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.10.4.476

25. King AC, Pruitt LA, Phillips W, Oka R, Rodenburg A, Haskell WL, Comparative effects of two physical activity programs on measured and perceived physical functioning and other health-related quality of life outcomes in older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 2000;55:M74–83.
https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/55.2.M74

26. Stathokostas L, Little RMD, Vandervoort AA, Paterson DH. Flexibility Training and Functional Ability in Older Adults: A Systematic Review. Journal of Aging Research, 2012;2012:1–30.
https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/306818

27. Thacker SB, Gilchrist J, Stroup DF, Kimsey CD. The Impact of Stretching on Sports Injury Risk: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2004;36:371–8.
https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000117134.83018.F7

28. Leibesman JL, Cafarelli E. Physiology of range of motion in human joints: a critical review. Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 1994;6(2):131–160.

29. Baker D. Comparison of Upper-Body Strength and Power Between Professional and College-Aged Rugby League Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2001;15:30–5.
https://doi.org/10.1519/00124278-200102000-00006

30. Naclerio AF, Jimenez GA, Forte FD, Benito PP. Relationship between the 1RM load and strength applied or power produced during a progressive test in the bench press exercise with free weight, in powerlifters. APUNTS. 2006;84:45–52. [in Spanish].

31. Ramírez-Vélez R, Correa-Bautista JE, Lobelo F, Izquierdo M, Alonso-Martínez A, Rodríguez-Rodríguez F, et al. High muscular fitness has a powerful protective cardiometabolic effect in adults: influence of weight status. BMC Public Health, 2016;16:1012.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3678-5

32. Skelton DA, McLaughlin AW. Training Functional Ability in Old Age. Physiotherapy, 1996;82:159–67.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9406(05)66916-7
Published
2021-02-26
How to Cite
1.
Garcia M, Custodio E. Home quarantine - based rhythmic exercises: new fitness assessment and intervention in teaching physical education. Physical education of students. 2021;25(1):51-7. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2021.0107
Section
Articles