Effect of training on the development of exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia in volleyball players

Keywords: desaturation, pulse oximetry, oxyhemoglobin saturation, team sports athletes

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of volleyball training on the development of exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia during incremental exercise in male competitive volleyball players. Material and Methods.  Eight male amateur volleyball players (age 21±1.3 years) participated in a 6-week volleyball training program three times a week in the pre-season preparatory period. Before and after the training period, all players performed an incremental treadmill test to determine maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), and oxyhemoglobin saturation (SaO2) was continuously measured using a pulse oximeter during the test. Maximal values of minute ventilation (VEmax), respiratory exchange ratio (RERmax), ventilatory equivalent for oxygen (VE/VO2) and carbon dioxide (VE/VCO2) were determined. Exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia (EIAH) was defined as a SaO2 decreased by at least 4% (ΔSaO2≤ −4%) from resting level. Results. All the players exhibited exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia before (ΔSaO2= –8.8±3.3%) and after (ΔSaO2= –8.31.5%) the training period. SaO2 was significantly decreased from 97.6±1% at rest to 88.7±2.7% at exhaustion before the training period, and from 97.2±1.1% at rest to 88.8±2.1% at exhaustion after training period (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in resting and lowest SaO2 values by comparison between the before and after training (p > 0.05). There were no significant changes in VO2max, VEmax, RERmax, VE/VO2 and VE/VCO2 after training period (p > 0.05). Conclusions. The results of this study showed that volleyball players with a history of anaerobic training may exhibit EIAH, but that 6-week volleyball training has no effect on the degree of exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia.

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Author Biographies

Selcen Korkmaz Eryılmaz, Cukurova University
selcen_korkmaz@yahoo.com; Department of Coaching Education, Faculty of Sport Science, Cukurova University; 01330 Balcalı, Sarıçam. Adana. Turkey.
Kerimhan Kaynak, Erciyes University
kerimhankaynak07@hotmail.com; Department of Coaching Education, Faculty of Sport Science, Erciyes University; Kayseri, Turkey.

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Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
1.
Korkmaz Eryılmaz S, Kaynak K. Effect of training on the development of exercise-induced arterial hypoxemia in volleyball players. Physical education of students. 2020;24(6):312-8. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2020.0602
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