Relationship between quality of life and resilience among sport-active Singaporean youth

Keywords: Quality of life, Resilience, sport-active youth, Singapore


Purpose : The study examines the relationship between paediatric quality of life (PEDSQL) and resilience, measured by the Singapore Youth Resilience Scale (SYRESS) among sport-active youth transiting from primary to secondary school education in Singapore. Method : The participants were 137 student-athletes aged 12.7+-0.3 years, height 156.0+-12.9 cm, and body mass 46.4+-10.2kg. PEDsQL and SYRESS questionnaires were administered at the start of the academic year and repeated again six months later. Results : Total health (PEDsQL) scores were significantly greater at baseline than when measured six months later (77.3+-11.9 vs 72.1+-11.8; p<0.05) but there was no significant change in the SYRESS score (198.2+-25.3 vs 194.0+-27.4; p>0.05). Total health in PEDsQL was significantly correlated to SYRESS scores at both time points (Baseline r s=0.61,p<0.01; baseline plus 6 months r s=0.58, p<0.01). Conclusions : The results reflect a linkage between student's resilience and PedsQL outcomes. Student-athletes perceived the transition from primary to secondary school to be a difficult period and sport-active youth are a unique population compared to normal school going youth.


Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 185 | PDF Downloads: 83 |


Chia M., Mukherjee S., Nasrun. M., & Lim B. C. "Impact of daily physical education on the healthy related quality of life and academic performance of Singaporean primary school pupil", in Singal P. K. (Ed.), Adaptation Biology and Medicine, Narosa Publishing House, 2013, vol.7, Chapter, 26, pp.373-385.

Côté J., Strachan L., & Fraser-Thomas J. Participation, personal development and performance through youth sport. In N. L. Holt (Ed.), Positive youth development through sport, London, Routledge, 2008, pp. 34-45.

Davydov D. M., Stewart R., Ritchie K., & Chaudieu I. Resilience and mental health. Clinical Psychology Review, 2010, vol.30(5), pp. 479-495.

Fergus S., & Zimmerman M. A. Adolescent resilience: A framework for understanding healthy development in the face of risk. Annu. Rev. Public Health, 2005, vol.26, pp. 399-419.

HPB. Health Promotion Board Singapore. 2002, Retrieved 15th Feb, 2014, Available at: (accessed 10.03.2015)

Jörngården A., Wettergen L., & von Essen L. Measuring health-related quality of life in adolescents and young adults: Swedish normative data for the SF-36 and the HADS, and the influence of age, gender, and method of administration. Health and quality of life outcomes, 2006, vol.4(1), pp. 91-96. doi:10.1186/1477-7525-4-91

Lam K. C., Valier A. R. S., Bay R. C., & McLeod T. C. V. A unique patient population? Health-related quality of life in adolescent athletes versus general, healthy adolescent individuals. Journal of athletic training, 2013, vol.48(2), pp. 233-241.

Lawford J., & Eiser, C. Exploring links between the concepts of Quality of Life and resilience. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 2001, vol.4(4), pp. 209-216.

Lim M. L., Broekman B. F., Wong J. C. M., Wong S. T., & Ng T. P. The development and validation of the Singapore Youth Resilience Scale (SYRESS). Stress, vulnerability and resilience: a developmental approach, 2007, vol.31, pp. 103-110.

Newcomb M. D., Huba G. J., & Bentler P. M. Desirability of various life change events among adolescents: Effects of exposure, sex, age, and ethnicity. Journal of Research in Personality, 1986, vol.20(2), pp. 207-227.

<NYC. Youth Statistics In Brief, National Youth Council. 2012, Retrieved 1st March 2014, Available at: (accessed 10.03.2015)

Østbye T., Malhotra R., Wong H.-B., Tan S.-B., & Saw S.-M. The effect of body mass on health-related quality of life among Singaporean adolescents: results from the SCORM study. Quality of Life Research, 2010, vol.19(2), pp. 167-176.

Ptacek J. T., Smith R. E., & Dodge K. L. Gender differences in coping with stress: When stressor and appraisals do not differ. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1994, vol.20(4), pp. 421-430.

Reinfjell T., Diseth T. H., Veenstra M., & Vikan A. Measuring health-related quality of life in young adolescents: Reliability and validity in the Norwegian version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 (PedsQL) generic core scales. Health and quality of life outcomes, 2006, vol.4(1), pp. 61-66. <

Seidman E., Allen L., Aber J. L., Mitchell C., & Feinman J. The impact of school transitions in early adolescence on the self‐system and perceived social context of poor urban youth. Child development, 1994, vol.65(2), pp. 507-522.

Sirsch U. The impending transition from primary to secondary school: Challenge or threat? International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2003, vol.27(5), pp. 385-395.

Snyder A. R., Martinez J. C., Bay R. C., Parsons J. T., Sauers E. L., & Valovich McLeod T. C. Health-related quality of life differs between adolescent athletes and adolescent nonathletes. Journal of sport rehabilitation, 2010, vol.19(3), pp. 237-248.

Sweeting H., & West P. Sex differences in health at ages 11, 13 and 15. Social Science & Medicine, 2003, vol.56(1), pp. 31-39.

Upton P., Eiser C., Cheung I., Hutchings H. A., Jenney M., Maddocks A., Williams J. G. Measurement properties of the UK-English version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 (PedsQL™) generic core scales. Health and quality of life outcomes, 2005, vol.3(1), pp. 22-26.

Varni J. W., Limbers C. A., & Burwinkle T. M. How young can children reliably and validly self-report their health-related quality of life?: An analysis of 8,591 children across age subgroups with the PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales. Health and quality of life outcomes, 2007, vol.5(1), pp. 1-10.

Varni J. W., Seid M., & Kurtin P. S. PedsQL (TM) 4.0: Reliability and validity of the pediatric quality of life Inventory (TM) Version 4.0 generic core scales in healthy and patient populations. Medical care, 2001, vol.39(8), pp. 800-812.

Yeo L. S., Ang R. P., Chong W. H., & Huan V. S. Gender differences in adolescent concerns and emotional well-being: Perceptions of Singaporean adolescent students. The Journal of genetic psychology, 2007, vol.168(1), pp. 63-80.

Zeedyk M. S., Gallacher J., Henderson M., Hope G., Husband B., & Lindsay K. Negotiating the transition from primary to secondary school perceptions of pupils, parents and teachers. School Psychology International, 2003, vol.24(1), pp. 67-79.

How to Cite
Michael C, Marcus L. Relationship between quality of life and resilience among sport-active Singaporean youth. Physical education of students. 2015;19(2):29-6.