Individualization of selection and training of female athletes in speed-power athletics from the perspective of gender identity

Keywords: athletics, athletes, speed-strength indicators, individualization, gender identity, morphogenetic markers, selection

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. To develop and justify the criteria for morphogenetic markers of speed-power abilities of athletes and the main directions of individualization of the process of their preparation, taking into account the characteristics of the female body. Material and Methods. Using the “2D: 4D” determination methodology, finger proportions were analysed for 126 qualified athletes specializing in speed-strength types (sprinting and hurdling, jumping, shot-putting) of different ages (from 17 to 25 years old). For 13 weeks, eight qualified short-distance student runners were regularly tested using computer strain gauge equipment: 5 masculine and 3 feminine types. The tensodynamograms of the manifestation of the strength of muscle groups carrying the main load in the structure of the sprint run were recorded and processed. Results. It was found that 78% of the examined athletes observed finger proportions close to the "male" proportions. This may indicate their certain masculinization. The technique used for this can be an informative and simple marker to predict a genetic predisposition to the ability of effective performance of speed-power work. It was determined that the same amount of power load causes masculine athletes, runners for short distances, a more significant deployment of long-term adaptation restructuring of masculine athletes, runners for short distances, compared with athletes of a different gender identity. Conclusions. Criteria for the prognostic assessment of speed-power abilities of athletes based on simple biological markers for testing and identification, like finger proportions (2D: 4D), have been developed. For athletes of high qualification who have a gender identity similar to men and a masculine somatotype, it is possible to use adapted male techniques for training.

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Author Biographies

Eugeny Vrublevskiy, Francisk Skorina Gomel State University
vru-evg@yandex.ru; Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, prof.;  Francisk Skorina Gomel State University; Sovetskaya Street, 104, Gomel, 246000, Belarus; University of Zielona Góra; Licealna Street, 9, Zielona Góra, 65-417, Poland.
Anatoly Skrypko, State University of Applied Sciences in Kalisz
anskrypko@wp.pl;  Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, prof.; State University of Applied Sciences in Kalisz; Kaszubska Street 13, Kalisz 62-800, Poland.
Ryszard Asienkiewicz, University of Zielona Góra
ryszard.asienkiewicz@interia.pl; Doctor of Biological Sciences, prof.;  University of Zielona Góra; Licealna Street, 9, Zielona Góra, 65-417, Poland.

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Published
2020-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Vrublevskiy E, Skrypko A, Asienkiewicz R. Individualization of selection and training of female athletes in speed-power athletics from the perspective of gender identity. Physical education of students. 2020;24(4):227-34. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2020.0405
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