Effect of different training modes of strength exercises on a student’s body

Keywords: students, strength exercises, static and isotonic modes, heart rate

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. Scientific-methodical literature underlined the importance of improving the effectiveness of physical education’s tools and methods during the scheduled university lessons. Scientists point out the necessity to take into account every factor determining the training effect of lessons with strength exercises. The immediate training effect can be determined by measuring the heart rate during different modes of strength exercises and during recovery. The aim of this study is to analyse the strength exercises’ immediate training effect on a student’s body in the static mode and in the isotonic mode. Material and Methods.  In the study participated 47 freshman male students of the Sochi State University (Russia). The study took place in September-December 2019. Heart rate was measured with Sport Testers POLAR RS-400 during strength exercises and during recovery. The results were analysed in the computer programme SPSS Statistics v22.0. Statistical significance of the results was defined using non-parametric Wilcoxon test. Heart rate was analysed during four types of plank positions in static and isotonic modes. Results: The study determined the effect of different training modes of strength exercises on a student’s body. The immediate training effect of doing the bodyweight strength exercises in the isotonic mode compared to the static mode is characterised by a higher maximum heart rate at the end of doing the exercise (р<0,05); a higher average heart rate during the exercise and during rest until the next exercise (р<0,05); a higher combined heart rate (р<0,05). Conclusion: The isotonic mode of the bodyweight strength exercises has a more prominent training effect than the static mode due to the specific nature of muscle contractions. Due to analysed heart rate values, the authors recommend taking into account the individual level of every student’s physical fitness.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 9 | PDF Downloads: 4 |

Author Biographies

Alexander A. Fedyakin, Sochi State University
Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor; faart@mail.ru; Sochi State University; Sochi, Russia.
Zhanna G. Kortava, Sochi State University
zgkortava67@mail.ru; Sochi State University, Sochi, Russia.
Lidia K. Fedyakina, Sochi State University
fedyakina.lidia@yandex.ru; Sochi State University; Sochi, Russia.
Natalia Yu. Zaplatina, Sochi State University
zaplatinanata@yandex.ru; Sochi State University; Sochi, Russia.

References

1. Kuzmina OI, Lebedinskiy VY, Shvachun OA. Modern Technologies of Pedagogical Impact and New Types of Motor Activity in Student Health Protection. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, 2020; 1: 14–17.

2. Zvyagintsev MV, Karpova TV, Zauer NG. Analysis of the physical fitness of first-year students of Novokuznetsk branch-institute of Kemerovo state university. Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, 2020; 1 (179): 143–147. (in Russian)
https://doi.org/10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.1.p143-148

3. Dopsaj M, Nenasheva AV, Tretiakova TN, Syromiatnikova YuA, Surina-Marysheva EF, Marković S et al. Handgrip Muscle Force Characteristics with General Reference Values at Chelyabinsk and Belgrade Students. Human. Sport. Medicine. 2019;19(2):27–36.
https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm190204

4. Zsolt Szakály Z, Ihász F, Konczos C, Plachy J, Bognár J, Kolomiets O. Physique, body composition and motor performances in Hungarian students. Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, 2016; 3 (133): 267–274. (in Russian)

5. Loginov S, Nikolaev A, Smagulov N, Losev V. Students’ physical activity in Surgut and Karaganda: comparative analysis. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, 2019; 7: 90–92.

6. Gorelov AA, Lyakh VI, Rumba OG. To the question of necessity in development of system mechanisms for providing the student youth with optimal motion conditions. Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, 2010; 9 (67): 29–34. (in Russian)
https://doi.org/10.5930/issn.1994-4683.2010.09.67.p29-34

7. Chedova TI, Gavronina GA. Realization of educational module “Physical culture” on the example of classical university. Sports science bulletin, 2018; 6: 52–61.

8. Vasitsky VA, Kovalenko GV. Health and fitness indicators of Kazakhstani students (through the example of creative professions of the Kazakh National Academy of Arts named after T.K. Zhurgenov). Sports science bulletin, 2018; 2: 42–46.

9. Linets MM, Gumen VM. On the use of shaping programs in physical education of university students. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, 2005; 3: 39–42.

10. Vasilkovskaya YA. Physical education of university students using terrenkur and tourism. [dissertation]. Krasnodar; 2009. (in Russian)

11. Stovba IR, Stolyarova NV, Petrozak OL, Ishmatova AR. Benefits of badminton driven academic physical education model for female students. Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, 2019; 2: 54–57.

12. Zhalbe MG, Pashchenko LG. Efficiency of using training modules for development of professionally significant motor abilities among students – electrical energy industry specialists. Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, 2017; 9 (151): 92–96.
https://doi.org/10.5930/issn.1994-4683.2011.11.81.p48-52

13. Davydov OYu. Influence of athletic gymnastics classes on general physical fitness of university students. Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, 2011; 11 (81): 48–52. (in Russian)

14. Chesno AV, Kekova LA, Vatral OP, Minashkin AA, Stolov II. Influence of various directions of fitness on physical condition of students. Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, 2020; 2 (180): 457–461. (in Russian)
https://doi.org/10.34835/issn.2308-1961.2020.2

15. Myakichenko EB, Seluianov VN. Healthy training according to Izoton system. Moscow: SportAkademPress; 2001.

16. Seluianov VN. Healthy physical education technology. Moscow: SportAkademPress; 2001.

17. Çakir-Atabek H, Demir S, PinarbaŞili RD, Gündüz N. Effects of Different Resistance Training Intensity on Indices of Oxidative Stress. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2010;24:2491–7.
https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181ddb111

18. Pourrazi H, Ebrahimi M. Comparison of two different resistance training intensities on metabolic syndrome risk factors in obese women. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 2019; 8(1): 74–83.

19. Vinogradov GP, Vinogradov IG. Athletism: theory and methods, technology of sports training. Moscow: Sport; 2017.

20. Khomiakov GK. Index of efficiency of blood circulation as a method of control for optimization of physical load. Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, 2017; 5 (147): 182–184. (in Russian)

21. Kuvaldina EV. Specialty of influence reglamented physical education lessons on students organisms. Uchenye zapiski universiteta im. P.F. Lesgafta, 2015; 5 (124): 104–106. (in Russian)

22. Grjibovski АM. Choosing a statistical test for hypothesis testing. Human ecology, 2008; 11: 48–57.

23. Kholodov JK, Kuznetsov VS. Theory and methods of physical education and sports. Moscow: Academy; 2004. (in Russian)

24. Samsonova AV, Tokmakova EL, Vinogradov GP, Research review of blood flow restriction training. (KAATSU TRAINING). Physical education and sport, 2007; 3 (63): 89–93.

25. Vorona V, Kylik N, Lytvynenko V, Ratov A, Lazorenko S. The level of physical condition of students of different faculties of pedagogical university. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 2019; 8 (3): 153–158.
https://doi.org/10.26655/IJAEP.2019.9.19

26. Seluianov VN, Sarsania SK, Sarsania KS, Dias S, Garrido M, Brauer A. Football: physiological and methodological aspects. Curitiba: Juruá; 2005.

27. Avdeeva MS, Belicheva TV. The Effect of Artistic Gymnastics and Step Aerobics on Physical Performance in First-Year Female University Students Not Related to Sport. Human. Sport. Medicine, 2019;19(3):66–73. (in Russian)
https://doi.org/10.14529/hsm190308
Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Fedyakin A, Kortava Z, Fedyakina L, Zaplatina N. Effect of different training modes of strength exercises on a student’s body. Physical education of students. 2020;24(3):149-53. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2020.0304
Section
Articles