The effect of strength training with different frequency on untrained university students

Keywords: untrained university students, exercise frequency, strength training, performance analysis, physical features

Abstract

Background and Study Aim: The target of this paper was to examine the effects of strength training with different frequency on physical, performance and strength features on untrained university male students. Material and Methods: 24 subjects (age= 21.47+1.50) were divided into three groups; 8 for strength training group once a week (ST1), 8 for strength training group three times a week (ST3) and 8 for control group (CG). The training groups were applied a 6-week ST that lasted approximately 80-90 minutes for each training 3 days a week for ST3 and once a week for ST1. Analysis of intergroup, intragroup and the effect of training were carried out with repeated measures ANOVA. Significance was set at 0.05. Results: There was no difference in body weight and body mass index values in training groups, while a significant increase was found in CG. In addition, there was a significant decrease in body fat percentage and a significant increase in skeleton muscle mass without any change in body weight and body mass index in ST3. No statistical difference was seen in 10-20 m sprint and agility tests in all groups. For vertical jump, balance test for right and left leg, there was a significant difference between the pre and post-test measurements of ST1 and ST3. In standing long jump measurements, significance was seen in favor of ST3. In strength parameter, while a significant difference was detected in bench press, shoulder press and push-up due to the development of training groups, a statistically significance was found in squat and biceps curl by reason of improvement in ST3. Conclusion: As a conclusion, it can be said that 6-week strength training with different frequency applied on untrained male students has a positive effect on physical, performance and strength features.

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Author Biographies

Ali E. Cigerci, Kastamonu University
aecigerci@kastamonu.edu.tr; School of Physical Education and Sports, Kastamonu University; Kastamonu, Turkey.
Harun Genc, Bingol University
hgenc@bingol.edu.tr; School of Physical Education and Sports, Bingol University; Bingol, Turkey.

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Published
2020-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Cigerci A, Genc H. The effect of strength training with different frequency on untrained university students. Physical education of students. 2020;24(4):186-93. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2020.0401
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Articles