STUDY OF BODY MASS INDEX (BMI), BODY FAT PERCENT (%BF), AND WAIST TO HIP RATIO (WHR) IN MALE PHYSICAL EDUCATION STUDENTS
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate body mass index (BMI), body fat percent (%BF) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) of physical education male students of Shahid Chamran University and comparison with national and international body composition standards. Material : Subjects were seventy five male students physical education male students of Shahid Chamran University of mean age (23.21±2.78), mean height (174±5.71) and mean weight (70.07±9.43) who were selected randomly. Some of body composition indices were determined with body composition analyzer apparatus (bioelectrical impedance apparatus). Results : Descriptive characteristics of subjects include: body fat percent (19.37±3.62), waist-hip ratio (0.80±0.037) and body mass index (23.18±2.68). To categorize and regulate data we used descriptive analyzes, to calculate Pearson correlation coefficient we used presumption analyzes and to compare the obtained data with national standards we used T-test statistical procedure. There are significant correlations between body mass index and waist-hip ratio (P=0.709, r=0.001), between body mass index and body fat percent (P=0.783, r=0.001) and between body fat percent and waist-hip ratio (P=0.809, r=0.001). There are significant differences between mean body mass index and its national standard (P=0.001), between mean waist-hip ratio and its national standard (P=0.001) and between mean body fat percentage and its national standard (P=0.001). Conclusions : Results revealed that according to national standards of body fat percentage and body mass index of subjects, they were assigned to more than intermediate limitation; it may be due to abnormal nutrition, unregulated exercise or physical activity and heredity.
| Abstract views: 54 | PDF Downloads: 23 |
Altan O, Vedat S, Omer u. Waist circumference and waist to hip ratio in Turkish adults: interrelation with other risk factors and association with cardiovascular disease. International journal of cardiology 1999;70(1):43-50.
Bray GA Complications of obesity. Annals of internal medicine 1985;103:10-52.
Chang C-J, Wu C-H, Chang C-S, Yao W-J, Yang Y-C, Wu J-S & Lu F-H. Low body mass index but high percent body fat in Taiwanese subjects: implications of obesity cutoffs. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2003;27:253–259.
Clasey Jl, Kanaley JA. Validity of methods of body composition assessment in young and older men and women. J. Appl physio, 1999;86(5):1728-1738.
Deurenberg P, Bhaskaran K, Lian PL. Singaporean Chinese adolescents have more subcutaneous adipose tissue than Dutch Caucasians of the same age and body mass index. Asia Pacific J Clin Nutr 2003;12:261-265.
Deurenberg P, Deurenberg-Yap M & Guricci S. Asians are different from Caucasians and from each other in their body mass index/body fat per cent relationship. Obes Rev 2002;3:141–146.
Deurenberg-Yap M, Schmidt G, van Staveren WA, Deurenberg P. The paradox of low body mass index and high body fat percentage among Chinese, Malays and Indians in Singapore. Int J Obes 2000;24:1011-1017.
Garn SM, Leonard WR & Hawthorne VM Three limitations of the body mass index. Am J Clin Nutr 1986;44:996–997.
Jurimae T, Jagomagi G, Lepp T. body composition of university students by hydrostatic weighing and skin fold measarment. J. obesity 1991;15:53-60.
Kagawa M, Kerr D, Uchida H, Binns CW. Differences in the relationship between BMI and percentage body fat between Japanese and Australian-Caucasian young men. Br J Nutr 2006;95:1002-1007.
Masaharu Kagawa, Colin W. Binns and Andrew P. Hills. Body composition and anthropometry in Japanese and Australian Caucasian males and Japanese females. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2007;16(1):31-36.
Norgan NG & Ferro-Luzzi A. Weight-height indices as estimators of fatness in men. Human Nutrition 1982;36:363–372.
Ronald K Hetzler, Iris F Kimura, Karin Haines, Michelle Labotz, Joseph Smith. A Comparison of Bioelectrical Impedance and Skinfold Measurement in Determining Minimum Wrestling Weights in High School Wrestlers. Journal of Athletic Training 2006;41(1):46–51.
Ross WD, Crawford SM, Kerr DA, & Ward R. Relationship of the body mass index with skinfolds, girths, and bone breadths in Canadian men and women aged 20–70 years. Am J Phys Anthropol 1988;77:169–173.
Schaefer F, Georgi M, Wiihl E & Scharer K. Body mass index and percentage fat mass in healthy German schoolchildren and adolescents. Int J Obes 1998;22:461–469.
Thorburn AW. Prevalence of obesity in Australia. Obes Rev 2005;6:187-189.
Copyright Holder - Author(s).
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: more