Mechanisms of adaptation to intensive loads of 400 meters’ hurdles runners at stage of initial basic training
AbstractPurpose: is study of adaptation mechanisms of 400 meter’ hurdles-runners to intensive physical loads. Material: in the research 13 - 400 meters’ hurdles-runners and 13 - 400 meters’ runners participated. Results: it was found that physiological cost of sportsmen’s special workability has fragmentary character. We presented results of physiological and bio-chemical adaptation mechanisms to dozed work. The received results have no confident distinctions and can not objectively characterize mechanisms of sportsmen’s special workability. We did not detect definite differences in indicators of mechanisms, ensuring sportsmen’s special workability under dozed loads. We found, that level of anaerobic glycolysis is an objective criterion of 400 meter’ hurdles-runners’ special workability. It was shown that for determination of functional potentials for such kind of functioning it is necessary to apply special loads. Conclusions: the received results deepen information about mechanisms of adaptation to specific competition functioning. Correct approaches to processing and analysis of the research’s results permit to more specifically determine sportsmen’s functional potentials in different kinds of competition functioning.
View Counter: Abstract | 31 | times, Article PDF |
Biriuk SV. Formuvannia ritmu bigu z bar’ierami u khlopciv 13-15 rokiv na pochatku sportivnoi specializacii. Cand. Diss. [Formation of 13-15 years old boys’ run rhythm in hurdles at the beginning of sport specialization. Cand. Diss.], Mikolaiv; 2001. (in Ukrainian)
Volkov NI, Biriuk SV, Savel'ev IA. Kislorodnyj zapros i energicheskaia stoimost' napriazhennoj myshechnoj deiatel'nosti [Oxygen demand and energy cost of tensed muscular functioning]. Fiziologiia cheloveka, 2002;28(4): 80-93. (in Russian)
Krivoshchekov SG, Divert GM, Divert VE. Rasshirenie funkcional'nogo diapazona reakcij dykhaniia i gazoobmena pri povtornykh gipoksicheskikh vozdejstviiakh [Expanding of functional range of gas metabolism and respiratory responses under repeated hypoxic impacts]. Fiziologiia cheloveka, 2005;31(3):100-107. (in Russian)
Mishchenko VS, Lysenko EN, Vinogradov VE. Reaktivnye svojstva kardiorespiratornoj sistemy kak otrazhenie adaptacii k napriazhennoj fizicheskoj trenirovke v sporte [Responsive characteristics of cardio-respiratory system as reflection of adaptation to intensive physical training in sports]. Kiev; 2007. (in Russian)
Novikov AL, Soroka IN. Trenirovka v bege na 400 m s bar'erami (muzhchiny) [Training in 400 meters hurdles (male)], Minsk; 1994. (in Russian)
Rovnaia OA, Il'in VN. Osobennosti adaptivnykh reakcij sistemy dykhaniia vysokvalificirovannykh sportsmenok sinkhronnogo plavaniia vo vremia interval'noj gipoksicheskoj trenirovki [Specific features of respiratory system’s adaptation responses of elite synchronous swimmers during interval hypoxic training]. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 2010;1:71-75. (in Ukrainian)
Rovnij AS, Rovnyj VA. Upravlenie sistemoj podgotovki iunykh begunov na 400 m s bar'erami [Management of junior 400 meters’ hurdles-runners’ training]. Slobozhans'kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, 2009;1:72-75. (in Russian)
Kharitonova LG. Fiziologicheskie i biokhimicheskie aspekty adaptacii k intensivnym nagruzkam organizma begunov na 400 m s bar'erami [Physiological and bio-chemical aspects of adaptation to organism’s intensive loads of 400 meters’ hurdles-runners]. Teoriia i praktika fizicheskoj kul'tury, 1991;1:9-12. (in Russian)
Shi Dulin. Skorostno-silovaia podgotovka iunykh begunov na 400 m s bar'erami [Speed-power training of junior 400 meters’ hurdles-runners]. Slobozhans'kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, 2004. 1: 40-43. (in Russian)
Shi Dulin. Razvitie koordinacionnykh sposobnostej kak osnova sovershenstvovaniia tekhniki bega na 400 m s bar'erami [raining of coordination as the basis of perfection of 400 meters’ hurdles technique]. Slobozhans'kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, 2005;1:125-129. (in Russian)
Bailey DM, Davies B, Baker J. Training in hypoxia: modulation of metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors in man. Med.Sci.Sports Exerc, 2000;32(6):1058-1063.
Bennet S. Training for 400 m. Human Kinetics Pub; 1999.
Chick TW, Stark DM, Murata GH. Hyperoxic training increases work capacity after maximal training at moderate altitude. Chest; 1993;104:1759-1762.
Cheng Ping, Wang gig Yu. Technical training of 400 m Hurdle Race and the Rhythm among Hurdleg. Journal of Shandong Sports Science & Technology. 2002;3:12-14.
Hochachka PW, Rupert JI, Monge C. Adaptation and conservation of physiological system in the evolution of human hypoxia tolerance. Comp. Biochem. Physiol; 1999;124:1-8.
Levine BD. Intermittent hypoxic training: fact and fancy. High Alt. Med. Biol., 2002;3(2):177-182.
Pearse WJ. Mechanisms of hypoxic cerebral vasodilatation. Pharmac. Tner., 1995;65:75-78.
Tian zhong Yan. A research on the contest Rhythm of World mans 400 m Hurdles. Journal of Shandong institute of Physical Education, 2003;2:103-105.
Yang Hui. Analysis on Chinese Excellent Athlete Luli Xiana Score of 110 m Men Hurdle. Journal of Beijing Sport University, 2003;11:1579-1581.
Zhao Jia Gni. On the Training of teen-agers 400-meters Hurdle Race. Journal of Anhui Polytechnic University Social Science, 2001;1:143-144.
Copyright Holder - Author(s).
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms: more