Balance control of the orthostatic body pose in physical education of students

Управление равновесием ортостатической позы тела в физическом воспитании студентов

Keywords: postural stability, human body pose, centre of weight, test reliability, balance platform

Abstract

Background and Study Aim. Maintaining upright body posture is fundamental for humans. The aim of the research is to determine influence of the feet situation on the balance of the orthostatic body pose in physical education. Material and Methods. Ten 19–21 years old university students were involved into the research. The test consisted of five measurements − each of them in another feet situation with ten minutes relax before every measurement. Measurements were done using two twin platforms kinesis-meter CQStab2P. A length of the horizontal projection of centre of pressure during 30 seconds was measured as a test result. Results. Because near normal distribution (SW-W = 0.893−0.963, p = 0.183−0.806), parametric statistics were used to elaborate results on the balance test reliability: two ways ANOVA, intra-class correlation, t-Student, and Pearson correlation. Groups variations of results in all the five feet situations were derived about the border between moderate and great: V = 20.0 − 23.5%. Test-retest results correlate between groups repeated measurement on moderate − high levels (r = 0.593 − 0.954). Conclusions. In the balance control of the orthostatic body pose in the physical education of students a feet situation should be taken into consideration, because a significant difference between lengths of the centre of pressure during the control on the balance platform relatively a body pose (p < .046). Balance testing on the platform could be conducted on the appropriable, good, and excellent levels of reliability using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC = 0.791 – 0.975).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

| Abstract views: 177 | PDF Downloads: 141 |

Author Biographies

Ihor Zanevskyy, Lviv State University of Physical Culture
izanevsky@ukr.net; Professor;  Department of Informatics and Kinesiology; Kostyushka 11, 79007 Lviv, Ukraine
Stanislaw Nowak, Technological and Humanistic University in Radom
stanislawn@gmail.com; Department of Physical Culture; Chrobrego 27, Radom 26-600, Poland

References

1. Weber W, Weber E. The mechanics of human motion. Gottingen: Dieterischen Buchhandlung; 1836.

2. Braune W, Fisher O. Der Gang des Menschen [The course of humans]. Leipzig: Sachsischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften; 1895 (In German)

3. Bernstein NA. The co-ordination and regulation of movements. Oxford: Pergamon Press; 1967.

4. Gurfinkel VS, Kots YM, Shik ML. Regulation of the human pose. Moscow: Nauka; 1965. (in Russian)

5. Juras G, Slomka K, Fredyk A, Sobota G, Bacik B. Evaluation of the limits of stability balance test. J Hum Kinet. 2008; 19 (1): 39-52.
https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-008-0003-0

6. Regterschot GR, Folkersma M, Zhang W, Baldus H, Stevens M, Zijlstra W.Sensitivity of sensor-based sit-to-stand peak power to the effects of training leg strength, leg power and balance in older adults. Gait Posture. 2014; 39 (1): 303-307.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2013.07.122

7. Lacroix A, Hortobagyi T, Beurskens R, Granacher U. Effects of supervised vs. unsupervised training programs on balance and muscle strength in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2017; 47 (11): 2341-2361.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0747-6

8. Pickerill ML, Harter RA. Validity and reliability of limits-of-stability testing: a comparison of 2 postural stability evaluation devices. J Athl Train. 2011; 46 (6): 600–606. 606.
https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-46.6.600

9. Lesinski M, Hortobagyi T, Muehlbauer T, Gollhofer A, Granacher U.Effects of balance training on balance performance in healthy older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2015; 45 (12): 1721-1738.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0375-y

10. Gebel A, Lesinski M, Behm DG, Granacher U. Effects and dose-response relationship of balance training on balance performance in youth: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2018; 48 (9): 2067-2089.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-018-0926-0

11. Kiss R, Schedler S, Muehlbauer T. Associations between types of balance performance in healthy individuals across the lifespan: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Front Physiol. 2018; 9: 1366.
https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01366

12. Behm DG, Muehlbauer T, Kibele A, Granacher U. Effects of strength training using unstable surfaces on strength, power and balance performance across the lifespan: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2015; 45 (12): 1645-1669.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-015-0384-x

13. Granacher U, Muehlbauer T, Gollhofer A, Kressig RW, Zahner L. An intergenerational approach in the promotion of balance and strength for fall prevention - a mini-review. Gerontology. 2011; 57 (4): 304-315.
https://doi.org/10.1159/000320250

14. Hammami R, Chaouachi A, Makhlouf I, Granacher U, Behm DG. Associations between balance and muscle strength, power performance in male youth athletes of different maturity status. Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2016; 28 (4): 521-534.
https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.2015-0231

15. Granacher U, Gollhofer A, Hortobagyi T, Kressig RW, Muehlbauer T. The importance of trunk muscle strength for balance, functional performance, and fall prevention in seniors: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2013; 43 (7): 627-641.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-013-0041-1

16. Poland. Specialized Electronic Systems for Medicine Picture Diagnostics. Platform kinesis-meter CQStab2P [document on the Internet]. 2014 [cited 2019 Dec 21]. Available from: http://www.cq.com.pl

17. Shapiro SS, Wilk MB. An analysis of variance test for normality (complete samples). Biometrika. 1965; 52 (3–4): 591–611.
https://doi.org/10.1093/biomet/52.3-4.591

18. Vincent WJ. Statistics in Kinesiology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1995.

19. Shrout PE, Fleiss JL. Intraclass correlation: uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychol Bul. 1979; 86: 420-428.

20. Lininger MR, Leahy TE, Haug EC, Bowman TG. Test-retest reliability of the limits of stability test performed by young adults using NeuroCom® VSR Sport. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2018; 13 (5): 800-807.

21. Petro B, Papachatzopoulou A, Kiss RM. Devices and tasks involved in the objective assessment of standing dynamic balancing: A systematic literature review. PLoS One, 2017; 12 (9), e0185188.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185188

22. Kawaishi Y, Domen K. The relationship between dynamic balancing ability and posture-related modulation of the soleus H-reflex. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2016; 26: 120-124.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelekin.2015.11.010

23. Granacher U, Lacroix A, Muehlbauer T, Roettger K, Gollhofer A. Effects of core instability strength training on trunk muscle strength, spinal mobility, dynamic balance and functional mobility in older adults. Gerontology. 2013; 59 (2): 105-113.
https://doi.org/10.1159/000343152

24. Zanevskyy I, Zanevska L. Intraclass correlation test-score reliability of a single trial. J Test Eval. 2017; 45 (3): 1073-1080.
https://doi.org/10.1520/JTE20150485
Published
2020-02-04
How to Cite
1.
Zanevskyy I, Nowak S. Balance control of the orthostatic body pose in physical education of students. Physical education of students. 2020;24(1):63-0. https://doi.org/10.15561/20755279.2020.0108
Section
Articles