Balance control of the orthostatic body pose in physical education of students

Управление равновесием ортостатической позы тела в физическом воспитании студентов

Keywords: postural stability, human body pose, centre of weight, test reliability, balance platform


Background and Study Aim. Maintaining upright body posture is fundamental for humans. The aim of the research is to determine influence of the feet situation on the balance of the orthostatic body pose in physical education. Material and Methods. Ten 19–21 years old university students were involved into the research. The test consisted of five measurements − each of them in another feet situation with ten minutes relax before every measurement. Measurements were done using two twin platforms kinesis-meter CQStab2P. A length of the horizontal projection of centre of pressure during 30 seconds was measured as a test result. Results. Because near normal distribution (SW-W = 0.893−0.963, p = 0.183−0.806), parametric statistics were used to elaborate results on the balance test reliability: two ways ANOVA, intra-class correlation, t-Student, and Pearson correlation. Groups variations of results in all the five feet situations were derived about the border between moderate and great: V = 20.0 − 23.5%. Test-retest results correlate between groups repeated measurement on moderate − high levels (r = 0.593 − 0.954). Conclusions. In the balance control of the orthostatic body pose in the physical education of students a feet situation should be taken into consideration, because a significant difference between lengths of the centre of pressure during the control on the balance platform relatively a body pose (p < .046). Balance testing on the platform could be conducted on the appropriable, good, and excellent levels of reliability using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC = 0.791 – 0.975).


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Author Biographies

Ihor Zanevskyy, Lviv State University of Physical Culture; Professor;  Department of Informatics and Kinesiology; Kostyushka 11, 79007 Lviv, Ukraine
Stanislaw Nowak, Technological and Humanistic University in Radom; Department of Physical Culture; Chrobrego 27, Radom 26-600, Poland


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How to Cite
Zanevskyy I, Nowak S. Balance control of the orthostatic body pose in physical education of students. Physical education of students. 2020;24(1):63-0.