- articles should be topical and original, they should outline tasks (issues), describe key results of the author's research and his\her conclusions;
- articles must satisfy the requirements of making up.
By submitting a manuscript for publication the author (s):
- agrees to put up a full text version in the Internet
(agreement about cession of rights in publication).
- agrees with the principles of ethics of scientific publications upon recommendations of
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors,
Committee of Publication Ethics.
Submission of a manuscript implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that if accepted it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language.
2. General Guidelines for Manuscript Preparation. Article Style:
This section provides detailed general style and formatting requirements for manuscripts.
should be prepared following the general style guidelines set out in the Publication:
- Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.
- EASE (European Association of Science Editors) Guidelines
for Authors and Translators of Scientific Articles to be Published in English.
The editors reserve the right to make any final adjustments to the manuscript to ensure consistency within the journal.
Manuscripts should meet the general requirements.
Text should be one spaced, in Times New Roman, 10-point typeface. Margins: 2 cm at top, bottom, right, and left. Manuscript size: From 13000 characters.
The manuscript should include:
• the article title (is the most important summary of a scientific article, should also include information on the scope of investigation);
• full names (first name, middle-name initials), and last names of all authors.
• authors' affiliations; if authors belong to several different institutions, superscript digits should be used to relate the authors' names to respective institutions.
• information on financial support;
• full address, phone number, e-mail of the corresponding author should be given.
page should carry:
• Structured abstract (up to 250 words), consisting of the following sections:
Background and Study Aim:
should describe clearly the rationale for the study being done and the previous work relevant to the study. It should end with a statement of the specific question or hypothesis being addressed.
Material and Methods:
mention the techniques used without going into extensive methodological detail, and outline the most important results. Include sample sizes for key experiments as appropriate.
list basic results without any introduction. Only essential statistical significances should be added in brackets. Draw no conclusions.
provide the key-findings as clearly as possible. You may also include a brief, more general interpretation of the results and / or specific recommendations for future research.
• 5 to 6 key words (not from title).
• Glossary (up to 40 words as appropriate), referring both to key words and specialized terms, presenting the meaning, definitions or explanations of the words, phrases etc.
(Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Highlights, Acknowledgements, Glossary and References):
Should be comprehensible to the general reader. Should contain the hypothesis. Authors should briefly introduce the problem, particularly emphasizing the level of knowledge about the problem at the beginning of the investigation.
Material and methods
The materials and methods section should be brief but sufficient to allow other investigators to repeat the research.
The Method section typically consists of three subsections: (1) Participants, (2) Procedure, and (3) Statistical analysis.
You can choose to add other subsections if they can be justified.
Example. Ten healthy university students and staff members (8 women and 2 men), aged 18-24 years, volunteered to participate in the experiment. All were assigned to the same experimental task. In this experiment, informed consent was obtained from all participants.
The Procedure subsection is the second subsection,
- and it gives the reader a summary of each step in the execution of the research. This summary must be concise, precise, and logical. Do not burden the reader with too much detail but give enough so the reader can follow what is being done;
- and it tells the reader what equipment and tools you used to run your experiment and to acquire data.
(3) Statistical analysis:
Within the subheading Statistical analysis:
authors need to explain which statistical tests were used in their data analysis and the rationale for using those tests. Care must be taken to assure that: a) all tests used are listed in the Materials and methods under Statistical analysis, as well as b) that all tests listed are indeed applied in the study. From this section, every reader should be able to understand which test exactly was used for every comparison of the data presented with the Results section. At the end of the Statistical analysis, authors need to state the level of significance applied in their study and statistical program used.
Should describe clearly the selection of observational or experimental subjects including controls, such as age, gender, inclusion and exclusion criteria, (the circumstances for rejection from the study should be clearly defined), randomization and masking (blinding) method.
The protocol of data acquisition, procedures, investigated parameters, methods of measurements and apparatus should be described in sufficient detail to allow other scientists to reproduce the results. Name and references to the established methods should be given. References and brief description should be provided for methods that have been published but are not well known, whereas new or substantially modified methods should be described in detail. The reasons for using them should be provided along with the evaluation of their limitations. Names of chemicals and devices used should be followed by the information on the manufacturer (name, city, and country) set in parentheses. Please provide generic name, dose and route of administration.
The statistical methods should be described in detail to enable verification of the reported results. List the tests used. Relate each test to a particular data analysis. This should be repeated in the Results section. Statistical significances should be shown along with the data in the text, as well as in tables and figures. Provide exact p-values, with three decimal places.
Provide information on patients informed consent. Studies on patients and volunteers require informed consent documented in the text of the manuscript. Where there is any unavoidable risk of breach of privacy - e.g. in a clinical photograph or in case details - the patient's written consent to publication must be obtained and copied to the journal.
Information on approval of a Local Ethical Committee should also be provided. In reports on the experiments on human subjects, it should be indicated whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) or with the 2008 revision of the Helsinki Declaration.
should concisely and reasonably summarize the findings. Restrict tables and figures to the number needed to explain the argument of the paper and assess its support. Do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Give numbers of observation and report exclusions or losses to observation such as dropouts from a study. Report complications. The results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables and illustrations related to the statements in the text by means of reference remarks. Do not repeat in the text all the data from the tables or graphs. Emphasize only important observations.
should include interpretation of study findings, and results considered in the context of results in other studies reported in the literature. Do not repeat in detail data or other material from the Background or the Results section. Include in the Discussion the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. The discussion should confront the results of other investigations especially those quoted in the text.
should be linked with the goals of the study. State new hypotheses when warranted. Include recommendations when appropriate. Unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the obtained data should be avoided.
present particularly important information the authors would like to point out.
List all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as technical assistants, writing assistants or head of department who provided only general support. Describe their role. Financial and other material support should be disclosed and acknowledged.
must be numbered consecutively. References selected for publication should be chosen for their importance, accessibility, and for the further reading opportunities they provide. References first cited in tables, figure legends must be numbered so that they will be in sequence with references cited in the text. References cited in Glossary must be numbered starting from the last citation number in the text.
References follows the format of the
Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.
The following is a sample reference:
Chapter or Article in Edited Book
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer
. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
Article in an Encyclopaedia
Ford-Martin P. Cognitive-behavioral therapy. In: Thackery E, Harris M, editors. Gale encyclopedia of mental disorders
. Vol. 1. Detroit (MI): Gale; 2003.p. 226-228.
Book: Single Author
Hoppert M. Microscopic techniques in biotechnology
. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH; 2003.
Book: Two or More Authors
Gilstrap LC, Cunningham FG, Van Dorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics
. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.
Book: Organisation as Author
Australia. Commonwealth Department of Veterans' Affairs and Defence
. Australian Gulf War veterans' health study 2003. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia; 2003.
Book: Government Agency as Author
Australia. Commonwealth Department of Veterans' Affairs and Defence
. Australian Gulf War veterans' health study 2003. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia; 2003.
Book: No Author
The Oxford concise medical dictionary. 6th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2003. p. 26.
Storey KB, editor. Functional metabolism: regulation and adaptation
. Hoboken (NJ): J. Wiley & Sons; 2004.
Book: Different Editions
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobyashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology
. 4th ed. St Louis: Mosby; 2002.
Conference Paper in Print
Khalifa ME, Elmessiry HM, ElBahnasy KM, Ramadan HMM. Medical image registration using mutual information similarity measure. In: Lim CT, Goh JCH, editors. Icbme2008: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering; 2008 Dec 3-6; Singapore
. Dordrecht: Springer; 2009. p. 151-5.
Conference Paper from the Internet
Waterkeyn J, Matimati R, Muringanzia A. ZOD for all: scaling up the community health club model to meet the MDGs for sanitation in rural and urban areas: case studies from Zimbabwe and Uganda
. Paper presented at International Water Association Devlopment Congress; Mexico; 2009 Nov 15-9.
Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V: Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour conference; 2001 Sep 13-15;
Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.
van Belle G, Fisher LD, Heagerty PJ, Lumley TS. Biostatistics: a methodology for the health sciences [e-book]. 2nd ed. Somerset (NJ): Wiley InterScience
; 2003 [cited 2005 Jun 30]. Available from: Wiley InterScience electronic collection.
Chapter from an E-book
Jones NA, Gagnon CM. The neurophysiology of empathy. In: Farrow TFD, Woodruff PWR, editors. Empathy in mental illness
.Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press; 2007 [cited 2010 Aug 10]: 217-38. Available from: Ebook Library.
Article from an Electronic Encyclopaedia
Lee HC, Pagliaro EM. Serology: blood identification. In: Siegel J, Knupfer G, Saukko P, editors. Encyclopedia of forensic sciences
[e-book]. San Diego: Academic Press; 2000 [cited 2005 Jun 30]:1331-8. Available from: Science Direct Reference.
Journal Article from a Full Text Database
Journal Article from the Internet
Eisen SA, Kang HK, Murphy FM, Blanchard MS, Reda DJ, Henderson WG, et al. Gulf War veterans' health: medical evaluation of a U.S. cohort? Ann Intern Med
[serial on the Internet]. 2005 [cited 2005 Jun 30];142(11):881+. Available from: http://www.annals.org/.
Australian Insitute of Health and Welfare. Chronic diseases and associated risk factors
[document on the Internet]. Canberra: The Institute; 2004 [updated 2005 June 23; cited 2005 Jun 30]. Available from: http://www.aihw.gov.au/cdarf/index.cfm.
Australia. Department of Health and Aged Care. National youth suicide prevention strategy
[document on the Internet]. Canberra: The Department; 2000 [cited 2005 Jul 1]. Available from: http://www.health.gov.au/hsdd/mentalhe/sp/nysps/about.htm.
Lavelle P. Mental state of the nation. Health matters
[document on the Internet]. ABC online; 2005 May 19 [cited 2005 Jul 1]. Available from: http://abc.net.au/health/features/mentalstate/.
Journal Article in Print
Drummond PD. Triggers of motion sickness in migraine sufferers. Headache
Journal Article in Print: More Than Six Authors
Gillespie NC, Lewis RJ, Pearn JH, Bourke ATC, Holmes MJ, Bourke JB, et al. Ciguatera in Australia: occurrence, clinical features, pathophysiology and management. Med J Aust.
Gruszczynski L. Regulating health and environmental risks under WTO law: a critical analysis of the SPS agreement
. New York: Oxford University Press; 2010.
Avoid using abstracts or review papers as references. Unpublished observations and personal communications can not be used as references. If essential, such material may be incorporated in the appropriate place in the text.
Reference (Ukrainian Russian)
1. Khudolii OM, Iermakov SS. Zakonomirnosti procesu navchannia iunikh gimnastiv [Training process of junior gymnasts]. Teoriia ta metodika fizichnogo vikhovannia
, 2011;5:3—18. doi:10.17309/tmfv.2011.5.707 (in Ukrainian)
2. Vaceba OM, Iukhimchuk VP. Aktual'nye voprosy olimpijskogo obrazovaniia v uchebno-vospitatel'nom processe uchenikov obshcheobrazovatel'nykh shkol [Current issues of Olympic education in educational process of comprehensive schools’ pupils]. Nauka v olimpijskom sporte
, 2007;2:87–92. (in Russian)
3. Platonov VN, Bulatova MM, Bubka SN. Olimpijskij sport
[Olympic sports], Kiev: Olympic Literature; 2009;2. (in Russian)
1. Kaciuba-Uściłko H, Nazar K. Dieta i metabolizm wysiłkowy [Diet and exercise metabolism]. Medicina Sportiva
. 1999; 1(1): 19-29 (in Polish).
2. Kołakowska I. Otyłość na ostrzu noźa [Obesity on the edge]. Uwazam Rze.
2012; 27(74): 92-93 (in Polish).
3. Mazur J, Wojnarowska B. Wypadki i urazy. Raport z badań wykonanych w 1998 r. Zdrowie Młodzieźy Szkolnej w Polsce
[Accidents and injuries. A report on the research conducted in 1998. The Health of School Youth in Poland]. Warszawa: AWF; 1998. (in Polish).
4. Olszowski A. Bezpieczeństwo na zajęciach ruchowych [Safety during sport classes]. In: A. Maszczak A, editor. Metodyka Wychowania Fizycznego
[The Methodology of Physical Education]. Warszawa: AWF Press; 1992. p. 161-173. (in Polish).
. Tables should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and should be cited in the text by number, e.g., "see Table 1." Each table must be mentioned at least once in the text, and in proper numerical order. In the printed paper, the placement of tables will be determined by their first mention in the text.
. Every table should have a concise title (less than a sentence); more extensive descriptions or secondary information should be incorporated in a note to the table. All tables are typeset with horizontal rules only; no vertical rules are used. Tables should not contain empty rows. Each column, including the first, must have a heading. Column headings should label the entries concisely (one or two words); the first letter of each word is capitalized. Units of measurement should be given in parentheses immediately below the column headings, not listed with the data in the body of the table.
Tables should accompany the manuscript, but should not be included within the text. In should be clearly stated where they are to be inserted within the text (e.g. "Place Table 1 here"). Each table should be printed on a separate sheet. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript (e.g. in graphs). All the necessary explanations and a legend of the abbreviations have to be provided.
Data should be organized so that related elements read downward, not across. The data arranged in columns should correspond to the time sequence of their collection when read from left to right. Each column heading for numerical data should include the unit of measurement applied to all the data under the heading. Choose suitable SI units, so that the values given in the table should fall within the range of 0-999. Large numbers can be expressed in smaller units with appropriate column headings.
Identify statistical measures of variations such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean. Do not use internal horizontal and vertical rules. Be sure that each table is cited in the text.
If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge them fully.
created in the Microsoft Word 2007, 2010, or 2011 default equation editor pose problems because the MathML mapping of this editor is not 100% accurate. Please use MathType, to create equations.
Long equations should be set off from the text and numbered sequentially. After an equation is introduced, refer to it by number (e.g., "Eq. 1," "Eqs. 3 and 4").
If some or all of your equations are simple (on a single baseline), use normal text and fonts:
E(t) • r = D+[exp(-it)] + D-[exp(it)] (1)
Complex equations should be embedded using standard plug-ins like Mathtype or the Word Equation Editor:
If the paper includes many equations or schemes, these can be collected in a table of equations, which we can display as a boxed figure.
will normally be reduced to one column width (8.4 cm) and should be prepared accordingly. If a particular figure should not be reduced, a note to that effect should be included with the figure. Figures should be numbered consecutively in the order of appearance and citation in the text. Be sure to cite every figure. Handwritten lettering and low-quality computer graphics are not acceptable. Electronic files should be sized as they will appear in the journal and should be accompanied by high-quality laser prints. Files should have a resolution of 600 dpi.
Figures should be numbered (with Arabic numerals) consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text.
Figures should contain the following information: (a) figure title; (b) all the necessary explanations of symbols and findings, written continuously; (c) statistics. Do not put the title of the figure on the figure! Several figures related to the same patient, i.e. exercise/task shown in steps, should be labeled Figure 1 A, B, C, etc. rather than Figures 1, 2, 3. Symbols should be consistent throughout a series of figures. Use simple symbols, like closed and open circles, triangles and squares. Different types of connecting lines can be used. The meanings of symbols and lines should be defined in the legend. The axes should be equal in length so as to make the diagrams square. Each axis should be labeled with a description of the variable it represents. Only the first letter of the first word should be capitalized. The labeling should be parallel with the respective axis. Axes should not extend beyond the last numeral, and should never be terminated by arrows. Choose units so that the values expressed may fall within the range between 0 and 999.
Graphs or charts
must be provided as complete Excel files. Do not draw three-dimensional graphs if not absolutely necessary. Do not shade the background. Do not use grids.
should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background. If photographs of people are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.
If a figure, graph, chart, photomicrographs, diagram etc. has been published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher, except for documents in the public domain.
Units of Measurement
Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, or liter) or their decimal multiples. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be given in millimeters of mercury.
Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract. The full term which an abbreviation stands for should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.
3. Submitting an Article
variant (a) – firstname.lastname@example.org
variant (b), online: to make a submission, select the
Click Here link
to proceed to the first step of the submission process.
Manuscript processing fees
: Authors should understand that there are many occurring publishing expenses per journal page associated with manuscript processing, editorial, production, typesetting, printing, paper, binding, shipping, web-hosting, and archiving. However authors pay no publication fees.
4. Accompanying forms to the article:
- information about the author (s): surname, full first name and patronymic, degree, position, institutional affiliation (place of work or study), contact phones, e-mail, regular mail address and zip code, ORCID
- agreement about cession of rights in publication.
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