Early Access

The articles shown below have been posted as Early Access Release articles. These articles have been peer reviewed, copyedited, and reviewed by the authors. Additional changes or corrections may appear in these articles when they are published in a future issue of the “Physical Education of Students". When articles are published in an issue, it will be removed from this page and appear in that issue’s table of contents.


  • Investigation of communication skills perceived by students from instructors
    Serkan Hacıcaferoğlu | Istanbul Technical University | https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8301-304X
    Early Online 2022-08-01 | pages: 173 - 179 | https://doi.org/
    Abstract Background and Study Aim. The aim of this research is to examine the communication skills of the students studying at the faculties of sports sciences, as perceived by the instructors.
    Material and Methods. The study was conducted using general survey model. The sample group of the study is consisted of a total of 714 randomly selected voluntary students, including 423 males and 291 females, who study at Faculty of Sports Sciences. The Communication Skills Evaluation Scale, was used as the data collection tool in the study. In the analysis of the data, t-test and one-way variance analysis and Tukey test analysis were used.
    Results. According to the variables of the high school they graduated from, the department they studied and the grade level, it was determined that the communication skills they perceived from the instructors were at a moderate level. In addition, it was determined that the perceived communication level of male students studying in the coaching department was higher than that of male students studying in the teaching department.
    Conclusions. Male and female students of sports sciences in the learning process should have effective communication skills in order to be prepared for their sociality and professional life. The acquisition of this skill largely depends on the efforts of the instructors in their courses and extracurricular activities during the undergraduate period. In this context, the instructors who attend the courses should be competent in their own branches, as well as being able to communicate positively and effectively with male and female students.
  • Evaluation of repeated sprint test protocols used in soccer with a global positioning system
    Kaan Kaya | Istanbul Esenyurt University | https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0892-645X
    Barış Gürol | Eskisehir Technical University | https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3372-617X
    Early Online 2022-07-21 | pages: 165 - 172 | https://doi.org/
    Abstract Background and Study Aim. The aim of the research is to evaluate the 7x34.2 m Repeated Straight Sprint Test (RSST) and 7x34.2 m Repeated Change of Direction Sprint Test (RCST), which are used for improvement, measurement, and evaluation of repeated sprint ability, by using Global Positioning System (GPS).
    Material and Methods. Twenty-two professional soccer players participated in the research voluntarily. Internal and external load data were examined comparatively by using data as before and after the repeated sprint tests. External load data measured by 10 Hz GPS.
    Results. When the findings of the research are examined, it is seen that values of blood lactate concentrations which are taken after three and five minutes of the RCST are significantly higher than RSST protocol (p < 0.001***, p = 0.042*, respectively). In the study, the value of lactate which is taken five minutes after the RSST was measured as 9.60 ± 2.65 mM, while the value which is taken three minutes after RCST was measured as 9.75 ± 2.51 mM. Nevertheless, whereas there was a difference between the two tests in terms of lactate values, no significant difference was found in terms of perceived exertion.
    Conclusions. As a conclusion, according to the analyzes made after the RCST and RSST, we can say that the internal and external load performances of the athletes were very different. It has been observed that coaches, athletes, and practitioners can use two different test protocols for different objectives according to the purposes they set.